The only constant in life is change. The same is true for
An Invitation to Health Brief. A great deal has changed
over the lifetime of this book—in medical research, in
the fi eld of health, on college and university campuses,
in the nation and the world. What has not changed is
the commitment we share to prepare students to make
informed, thoughtful choices that will help them live
longer, healthier, happier, fuller lives.
This is a spectacular resource for practitioners, policymakers, researchers, and students interested in improving the lives and health of individuals and families in urban settings. This book provides the most current frameworks, research, and approaches for understanding how unique features of the urban physical and social environments that shape the health of over half of the world's population that is already residing in large cities. Its interdisciplinary research and practice focus is a welcome innovation....
Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the
concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just
shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded
perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic,
emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her
sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her
The World Health Organization and the United Nations Population Fund in collaboration with the
Key Centre for Women’s Health in Society, in the School of Population Health at the University of
Melbourne, Australia are pleased to present this joint publication of available evidence on the intricate
relationship between women’s mental and reproductive health. The review comprises the most recent
information on the ways in which mental health concerns intersect with women’s reproductive health.
This fully updated edition combines the latest research with real life examples of social
marketing campaigns the world over to help you learn how to apply the principles and
methods of marketing to a broad range of social issues. The international case studies
and applications show how social marketing campaigns are being used across the
world to infl uence changes in behaviour, and reveal how those campaigns may differ
according to their cultural context and subject matter.
Globalization exerts positive and negative impacts on health and has
been linked to reduced government expenditures on health, education,
and social programs, and restructured workplace and home life. Globalization
is altering gender roles and relationships and influencing health
determinants. Asymmetric rights and responsibilities, labor market segregation,
consumption patterns, and discrimination are influenced differently
by globalization and affect men and women’s health in distinct ways.
This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of
women’s health and the array of factors that have played
a central role in shaping it. First, it presents a background
describing gender-based disparities in health care. It then
discusses the cultural context in which women have
been perceived by society, their representation in the
health care workforce, and the development of the medical
specialty of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), as
well as social, economic, and political forces that have
shaped the medical care provided to women....
Since 2005, the international development
perspectives have broadened, with new funding
sources, partnerships and configurations of
stakeholders. Global public-health initiatives
such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and
Immunisation (GAVI) and the Global Fund to fight
AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) have
matured their operations and increasingly become
significant sources of revenue for national health
budgets in many low-income countries.
This book has emerged from our experience in the education of allied health
professionals (AHPs), particularly student occupational therapists. As tutors we
were aware that students, especially as they neared qualification, struggled to
find a suitable textbook examining the key areas that contextualised their study
of profession-specific skills.
The world today is changing at a tremendous speed; advances in technology
and communication and changes in the political, economic, demographic
and social changes, all touch our lives. These changes also impact on health
care provision, and the delivery of health services. The aim of this book is to
empower would – be leaders of nursing and allied health professions to be
effective. Leadership in health care is a high priority in the UK and, at the
time of writing, is top of the list for the National Health Service Federation.
Despite these factors, children’s mental health has so far been paid insufficient attention
in schools. Teachers are uniquely placed to influence the mental health of children and
young people. As well as being in a position to recognise the symptoms of mental health
difficulties at an early stage, they can enhance the social and emotional development of
children and foster their mental well-being through their daily responses to pupils.
How population growth damages the quality of life and the environment Why immigration is not a ‘fix’ for an ageing population Why an ageing society is inevitable for the UK and the rest of the world Why health care will be affordable in an ageing society Why we should welcome an ageing society Why Europe’s low fertility is set to bounce back up Why there are no labour shortages in Europe or the UK How immigration can lead to worse pay and conditions for native workers
he specific country cultures are not only different in regard to their health systems, but also in integrating gender aspects in research, policy and practice. The very definitions of health, illness and health related social problems are different. If networks focus on gender specific aspects of health and illness, the necessity for transnational communication is evident.
The social insurance of farmers is covered by section „rural development”. This section falls
under the competence of the minister in charge of rural development, who, however, cooperates
in matters of social insurance of farmers with the minister in charge of social security issues.
Problems of employment and counteracting unemployment are covered by „labour” section,
administered by the minister in charge of labour issues.
Anomalous climatic outcomes such as higher temperatures, intense rainfall and flood, frequent and severe droughts are now at the new level. Without appropriate adaptation measures, climate change is bound to exacerbate vulnerability of society, place food security and human health at risk, threaten the lives of growing urban population and impede the goal of attaining sustainable development. The human and social dimensions of climate change, including climate policy, are essential parts of our response to the many challenges emanating from climate change....
Environmental health decision making can be a complex undertaking, as
there is the need to navigate and find balance among three core elements: science,
policy, and the needs of the American public. Much of environmental
health decision making started in the 1950s and 1960s and was focused on
health effects of simple environmental exposures. However, scientific knowledge
has rapidly changed as new technologies and new insights into the complexity
of environment–health interactions have emerged.
Children and adolescents with good mental health are able to achieve and maintain
optimal psychological and social functioning and well-being. They have a sense of
identity and self-worth, sound family and peer relationships, an ability to be productive
and to learn, and a capacity to tackle developmental challenges and use cultural
resources to maximize growth. Moreover, the good mental health of children and
adolescents is crucial for their active social and economic participation.
International travel is undertaken by large, and ever increasing, numbers of people
for professional, social, recreational and humanitarian purposes. More people
travel greater distances and at greater speed than ever before, and this upward
trend looks set to continue. Travellers are thus exposed to a variety of health risks
in unfamiliar environments. Most such risks, however, can be minimized by suitable
precautions taken before, during and after travel.
All members of the social health insurance scheme are automatically covered by social long-
term care insurance. The responsible long-term care insurance funds (Pflegekassen) are
affiliated to the corresponding health insurance funds (Krankenkassen). Employees who are
not covered by social LTC insurance are permitted to contract with a private long-term care
insurance institution as long as they are members of a private health insurance scheme.
Communities in crisis suffer a loss of access to
services, which UNFPA works to restore or
to provide in temporary locations. While access
is most obviously a problem for refugees and
the internally displaced, people in surrounding
communities and other family members may
also be affected by the crisis. Access continues
to be a priority once a crisis concludes, during
the process of recovery and rehabilitation.