Risk has become one of the main topics in fields as diverse as engineering, medicine, and
economics, and it is also studied by social scientists, psychologists, and legal scholars. But the
topic of risk also leads to more fundamental questions such as:What is risk?What can decision
theory contribute to the analysis of risk? What does the human perception of risk mean for
society? How should we judge whether a risk is morally acceptable or not? Over the last couple
of decades, questions like these have attracted interest from philosophers and other scholars
into risk theory.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: From risk assessment to in-context trajectory evaluation - GMOs and their social implications
Part A of this report will include two sections, which understand who I as a
learner am; and implication for my future career choice.
Firstly, definitions of ‘learning’ will be mentioned through understanding of
learner. Besides, this going to find out on my own personal analyses about learning
styles through four psychological tests, which are VARK, the Myers Briggs Type
Indicators (MBTI), the Honey and Mumford Learning styles Questionnaire, and the
Disability is an important issue for the transition countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Not only is a significant portion of their population either in poor health or disabled-with implications for labor force participation and productivity-but their aging demographics project an increase in the share of disabled people, raising concerns about the sustainability of social protection programs.
We are living through a period of striking, gender-related social change
in the West as traditional distinctions between the experiences of women
and men are breaking down and being reconfigured in new, more complex
ways. This has significant, but as yet largely unexplored, implications for
health and illness. The long-established life expectancy gap between men
and women appears to be closing in many affluent societies as men begin
to ‘catch up’ with women.
The Internet is a critically important research site for sociologists testing
theories of technology diffusion and media effects, particularly because it is a
medium uniquely capable of integrating modes of communication and forms of content.
Current research tends to focus on the Internet’s implications in five domains:
1) inequality (the “digital divide”); 2) community and social capital; 3) political participation;
4) organizations and other economic institutions; and 5) cultural participation
and cultural diversity.
Continuing trends toward military, political, economic, and social decline in Russia threaten the interests of the United States and its allies. Moscow’s capacity to govern is called into question by increasing crime and corruption (and by political and economic regionalization). Both the military nuclear arsenal and the civilian nuclear power sector present risks of materials theft or diversion, as well as of tragic accident. An increasingly aging and ailing population bodes ill for Russia’s future. Reversing the country’s economic decline and rebuilding an effective militar...
This chapter distinguish between the Pareto and Bergson criteria for a welfare improvement, discuss Nozick’s entitlement theory and its relevance to the recent history of South Africa, explain how a redistribution of income can be justified in terms of the theory of externalities, distinguish between the cardinal and ordinal social welfare functions, discuss the efficiency implications of policies aimed at redistributing income from rich to poor people.
In addition to an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the scientific and clinical
aspects, veterinary students also need to have a grasp of the legal, ethical and social
elements of veterinary practice. Thus, communication and interpersonal skills; responsible
and professional behaviour, and an understanding of the business context of veterinary
practice are now recognized as important areas that should be incorporated into veterinary
Every year, the World Bank rates the economic, social and political
performance of each borrowing government by the extent of its
compliance with its own definition of “good” policies and institutions.
For this purpose, it uses the CPIA. It rates the policy and institutional
performance of each government relative to 20 criteria (grouped in four
Chambers (1995) described the eight diminution of deprivation among the
elderly as poverty, social inferiority, social isolation, physical weakness, vulnerability,
seasonality, powerlessness and humiliation of the aged. The poverty is sought to be a major
risk of ageing in developing countries (Sen K1994) and study by world bank reveals that in
the most of developing countries the older people and dependent are poor and vulnerable
(world Bank 1994). The linkage between ageing and poverty and deprivation can have three
channels of relations.
In addition to covering statistical methods, most of the existing books on
equating also focus on the practice of equating, the implications of test development
and test use for equating practice and policies, and the daily equating challenges
that need to be solved. In some sense, the scope of this book is narrower than of
other existing books: to view the equating and linking process as a statistical
This book, now in its third edition, began almost 25 years ago when Weed
Ecology: Implications for Vegetation Management was published in 1984. That
text concentrated on the need for farmers, foresters, rangeland managers, and the
researchers who advised them to understand better the biology of weeds and
the role people play in creating and maintaining weeds in agriculture and other
production systems. We were assisted in that first effort by the writings of many
early scientists, such as J. L. Harper, H. G. Baker, and E. J.
This document draws on key sources from the disciplines of social psychology, economics and behavioural economics (where the irst two disciplines overlap). We have sought to distil this information into some key factors that are important to consider for anyone developing communications that seek to inluence behaviour, and to develop a framework for applying these factors to the development of a communications strategy.
To our knowledge, the only study on Breslow index determination using DRS was carried
out on phantoms as a preliminary study prior to a clinical trial. Two-layer phantoms
mimicking dermis (6.3 mm thick) for the bottom layer and melanoma (2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 mm)
for the upper layer were made of gelatine as a solid 3D-matrix, intralipids for the scattering
properties and coffee for the absorbing properties of melanoma.
Many people think of Social Security only as a
retirement program. But some of the Social Security
taxes you pay go toward providing survivors insurance
for workers and their families. In fact, the value of the
survivors insurance you have under Social Security is
probably more than the value of your individual life
When you die, certain members of your family may
be eligible for survivors benefits. These include widows,
widowers (and divorced widows and widowers), children
and dependent parents....
The presence or absence of diseases is strongly associated with individual health but did
not fulfil the multidimensional concept of health. Health is characterised by dynamic and
multi-factorial influences on the physical, psychological and social functioning of an
individual. On the one hand, an objective health status includes the set of diagnosed
physiological and psychological diseases of an individual.
Understanding the biological basis of aging has fascinated people throughout
recorded history, and is one of the great remaining scientific questions. The question
has never been more important than now, as we anticipate the impact that a
rapidly growing older population will have on the social, political, and medical
landscape over the next 50 years. There is increasing evidence that aging involves
damage to the genome, and it is certainly the case that such damage explains much
of the coupling of most cancers to aging.
Once the core people and skills are identified, ensure that they are aware of their
position and how they will be managed in the event of a pandemic. Consider strategies
for minimizing the possibility that they become ill with influenza: e.g. working from home
even in very early stages of a pandemic, or other social distancing measures.
If working from home is not a well-established practice in your organization, you may
wish to encourage staff to address computer connection or technological issues and
enable this option.
efficiency and quality. NGOs should be involved as management partners of the
government for the shrimp cultivating areas. This will help reduce social tensions
among various groups in the cultivating areas and ensure participation of the poor
communities in all activities including decision making process.
9. Financial Support: Farmers, depot owners, small boat owners and transporters
suffer from lack of capital to perform fishing activities. They have to rely on
informal sources such as middlemen and traders for credit at a very high cost.