Welcome! This book provides an opportunity to explore the fascinating,
underpublicized, and sometimes misunderstood subject of social psychology.
In it, twenty-eight intriguing studies that throw light on human social
thinking and behavior are reviewed. These studies, mostly laboratory experiments,
address topics such as people's unawareness of why they do
what they do, the tenacity with which they maintain beliefs despite contrary
evidence, and the surprising extent to which they are influenced by the social
groups to which they belong....
Aleksander Peczenik unexpectedly died in 2005 at the age of 68. At that time, he
was still very active both as the chairman of the IVR (International Association for
Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy) and as a scientist.
During his prolific scientific career, Peczenik wrote several books, and it is a hazardous
enterprise to pick out one of them as the most important one. If this hazardous
enterprise needs to be undertaken, however, On Law and Reason would be a
In fact, existing regulation, both private and governmental, is working to
punish the individual responsible in that case. However, a simple legal
restriction on the number of embryos transferred would not be desirable. It is
preferable that the clinical judgment of highly trained specialty physicians,
brought to bear on the particular circumstances of each case and made with
evidence-based national guidelines in mind, determine the course of
What is Economics? Economics is not a natural science, i.e. it is not concerned with studying the physical world like chemistry, biology. Social sciences are connected with the study of people in society. It is not possible to conduct laboratory experiments, nor is it possible to fully unravel the process of human decisionmaking. “Economics is the study of how we the people engage ourselves in production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in a society.” Normative economics and Positive Economics: Normative economics refers to value judgments, e.g.
It is not the province of economics to determine the value of life in “hedonic units” or any other units, but to work out, on the basis of the general principles of conduct and the fundamental facts of social situation, the laws which determine prices of commodities and the direction of the social economic process. It is therefore not quantities, not even intensities, of satisfaction with which we are concerned. . . .or any other absolute magnitude whatever, but the purely relative judgment of comparative significance of alternatives open to choice. ...
Wittman (1941) developed a prognosis scale for predicting outcome of electroshock
therapy in schizophrenia, which consisted of 30 variables rated from social history and
psychiatric examination. The predictors ranged from semi-objective matters (such as
duration of psychosis) to highly interpretive judgments (such as anal-erotic vs. oral-erotic
character). None of the predictor variables was psychometric.