Social norms

Xem 1-20 trên 42 kết quả Social norms
  • Communities in crisis suffer a loss of access to services, which UNFPA works to restore or to provide in temporary locations. While access is most obviously a problem for refugees and the internally displaced, people in surrounding communities and other family members may also be affected by the crisis. Access continues to be a priority once a crisis concludes, during the process of recovery and rehabilitation.

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  • This dissertation is concerned with the social policy of the Republic of Korea (ROK; South Korea, hereafter Korea) and the Republic of China on Taiwan (ROC on Taiwan, hereafter Taiwan). Using a historical comparative approach it demonstrates that there are not only differences in understanding and interpreting social policy interventions in the different countries, but there are also different factors affecting social policy development in the different countries.

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  • When Prohibition (the Eighteenth Amendment) was repealed by State ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment in December 1933, I was a teenager, but already familiar with beverage alcohol. My initial contact was through religion; for centuries alcohol in beverage form had been part of the customs of many organized religions, customs that were and are part of the traditions of my Jewish faith. During Prohibition, I had consumed alcohol in a family environment and also participated in the sale of alcohol.

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  • These results in Normative factor structure of the AAMR adaptive behavior scale school, second edition suggest that interpretation of the ABS-S:2 should focus on its two maJor conceptual components (personal independence and social behav-  ior) rather than them five factors and 16 domains endorsed by its authors. Correspondingly, comparison of domain scores to identify adaptive strengths and weaknesses should be de-emphasized because variation in these scores is best explained by the two common factors rather than specific adaptive domains. 

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  • Security is now and has always been the primary function of government. All societies require some form of law enforcement capability to function effectively. Throughout history, governments of all types have relied on either public police agencies or informal means to effect conformity to social norms, standards, and laws. Given how essential law enforcement is to society, it is surprising how little we really know about how it actually functions. The job of law enforcement is always complex and sometimes dangerous.

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  • In recognition of the importance of establishing gender equality around the world, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) was established as a separate fund within the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 1984. At that time, the General Assembly instructed it to “ensure women’s involvement with mainstream activities.”3 The Platform of Action resulting from the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women expanded this concept, calling it “gender mainstreaming”—i.e.

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  • This book is a unique reference, aimed at filling in the existing void and bridging a linguistic, as well as a cultural, gap between Americans and Russians in the legal sphere. It is the first English-Russian Dictionary of American Criminal Law to be published in this country. The demand for this kind of materials in the United States has been growing steadily over the past few years. Since the end of the Cold War thousands of Russians have come to the United States including political and religious refugees, immigrants, scientists, tourists, business people, and, regrettably, criminals.

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  • Key elements of successful programmes Key elements of successful WHP programmes include: establishing clear goals and objectives, linking programmes to business objectives; strong management support; effective communication with, and involvement of, employees at all levels of development and implementation of the WHP programme; creating supportive environments; adapting the programme to social norms and building social support; considering incentives to foster adherence to the programmes and improving self-efficacy of the participants. ...

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  • In addition to this, health measures typically used in empirical studies may be affected by endogenous reporting behaviour. The outcome of a direct question to an individual’s health status may depend on the labour market status of the respondent. There may be economic motives or it may be the case that individual’s are inclined to give their answer conform to social norms. Reporting health as a major determinant for inactivity is socially more accepted, and eligibility conditions for some Social Security Benefits, notably Disability Insurance ...

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  • Gaps in current knowledge To strengthen current knowledge, particularly on effectiveness, cost/benefit analysis and the impact on health of WHP programmes, further research is needed. The development of simple and easy-to-use validated instruments for diet and physical activity evaluation is encouraged.

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  • Generally, alcohol consumption declines with age and the proportion of non-drinkers increases. The reasons for this decline in consumption are presumably connected to changes in life circumstances and attitudes and, in the later middle aged and older, growing ill health. There is evidence that today’s population of elderly people may be relatively heavier drinkers than previous generations.

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  • Initially, the internet was an open medium with certain characteristics that made it hard to control. According to Western journalists and politicians, the efforts of the Chinese government to control the internet are doomed to fail. This study attempts to counter this view and discusses to what degree the Chinese government can control the internet in China and, more than that, to what degree the internet can be used as a means for control. Methodologically, the four modalities of control (the law, architecture, social norms and the market), set forth by Lessig will be used.

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  • The body of property rights literature provides a general framework for analyzing the determinants of corporate share ownership structures.4 The literature emphasizes the roles of customs, social norms, and law and legal systems in shaping the structure of property rights and their governance systems. Corporate share ownership can be viewed as a property rights arrangement through which the owner of the share is entitled to three categories of property rights. First, the owner has the decision right of deploying corporate assets, i.e., the control or voting right.

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  • Images of criminal law infuse our everyday lives. From newspapers and television news programmes reporting incidents or trials, to detective novels, films and television series such as The Bill, Law and Order, Silent Witness and The Wire, crime and the control of crime pour into our individual and collective consciousness.

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  • Chapter 9 - Ethics, corporate social responsibility, environmental sustainability, and strategy. After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Understand how the standards of ethical behavior in business relate to the ethical standards and norms of the larger society and culture in which a company operates, recognize conditions that can give rise to unethical business strategies and behavior, gain an understanding of the costs of business ethics failures.

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  • A l'heure actuelle, les Technologies de l’Information et de la Communication (TIC) se sont glissées dans tous les coins du monde et elle continue à se répandre de toute vitesse. Elle touche tous les domaines économique, social… L'enseignement-apprentissage se trouve également dans ce cercle. Or, on est nombreux à en parler avec scepticisme, surtout dans les pays en développement.

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  • How can these differences be explained? Is it a matter of cultural factors operating in specific countries such as peer norms, parenting styles, familiarity with the internet, practices of regulation or other variables? Or, is it a matter of the design and management of the particular SNS that predominates in that country? In The Netherlands, for instance, Hyves is the main SNS but, also, Dutch peer culture (or parenting) may encourage young children to join in social networking.

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  • Trust is complicated by the lack of consistent communication techniques and expectations. As Saville-Troike (1982) noted in reference to physical interactions, differing notions of communicative competence create misunderstandings; this also applies online, although the likelihood of differing communicative expectations is greater. Messages are often misinterpreted, resulting in flame wars or otherwise unnecessary arguments. Yet, assessing a situation for communicative norms requires the ability to determine interpersonal context; online, other people are difficult to see.

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  • While interaction operates on impressions, people are often naturally (or neurotically) motivated to suppress their own desires in order to please others (Rank 1932; Moustakas 1972). In other words, they seek to create a good impression. Social conformity, or collective action, relies on this behavior. The internal need to conform and the fear of perceived social gatekeepers creates a mechanism for society to be regulated by social norms.

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  • In his theories of self-monitoring, Snyder (1974) suggests that personality determines the level at which people regulate their performance in relation to others’ reactions. As such, an individual’s reaction to socially normative pressures is dependent on where they are situated along an axis of self-monitoring. High self -monitors are highly attuned to the expectations and reactions of others, and are therefore extremely conscious of presenting themselves in a way that creates the desired impressions, either positive or negative.

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