Social problem

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  • This book is intended as an elementary text in sociology as applied to modern social problems, for use in institutions where but a short time can be given to the subject, in courses in sociology where it is desired to combine it with a study of current social problems on the one hand, and to correlate it with a course in economics on the other. The book is also especially suited for use in University Extension Courses and in Teachers' Reading Circles. This book aims to teach the simpler principles of sociology concretely and inductively. In Chapters I to...

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  • 76 Business aT a Crossroads High levels of inequality cause serious social problems. In their book, The Spirit Level, Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett marshal a wealth of evidence showing that social ills, including rates of physical and mental illness, teenage births, crime, obesity and violence, and relatively low educational performance and social mobility, all correlate much more closely with the degree of inequality within societies than with absolute levels of income. Inequality is the curse of mature, liberal capitalist societies, particularly of the U.S. and the U.K.

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  • This paper considers the main elements of the standard pattern of fi nancial liberalization that has become widely prevalent in developing countries. The theoretical arguments in favour of such liberalization are considered and critiqued, and the political economy of such measures is discussed. The problems for developing countries, with respect to fi nancial fragility and the greater propensity to crisis, as well as the negative defl ationary and developmental effects, are discussed.

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  • The Charity Commission is the independent regulator of charities in England and Wales. Its aim is to provide the best possible regulation of charities in England and Wales in order to increase charities’ effectiveness and public confidence and trust. Most charities must register with the Commission, although some special types of charity do not have to register. There are some 180,000 registered charities in England and Wales. In Scotland the framework is different, and the Commission does not regulate Scottish charities.

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  • Nowadays, information technology is applied in large range of real life from economics, education, healthcare, agriculture to geotechnical, military, Astronomers. It helps people not only in communication but also solve complicated problems. Power of information technology is uncompromising. Trying to use benefit of information technology is always making more benefits. In higher education, on the last year at university, most of students must find internship address to practice as a required subject.

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  • About Russell: Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, religious sceptic, social reformer, socialist and pacifist. Although he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died. Russell led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 1900s and is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his protégé Wittgenstein and his elder Frege. He co-authored, with A. N.

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  • Presenting case studies involving Rwanda, Nepal, Australia, Japan, and Mexico, including "real-time" policy and administrative questions, this versatile reference/text provides a wide perspective on national and international environmental problems and policies, featuring discussions with a regional emphasis as well as global significance.

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  •  was written to provide a comprehensive foundation for conducting clinical assessment of child and adolescent social-emotional behavior in a practical, scientific, and culturally appropriate manner. It is divided into two major sections. 

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  • Sociolinguists have long argued that social context influences language use in all manner of ways, resulting in lects 1 . This paper explores a text classification problem we will call lect modeling, an example of what has been termed computational sociolinguistics. In particular, we use machine learning techniques to identify social power relationships between members of a social network, based purely on the content of their interpersonal communication.

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  • Human Behavior and Environmental Sustainability: Problems, Driving Forces, and Research Topics includes: environmental Sustainability as a problem for human society, societal driving force of the environmental, Specific of social and behavior research, concluding remarks.

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  • Historically, charitable trusts and foundations have sought to prevent acute social problems in the UK, using grants to demonstrate and fund interventions that improve social outcomes and reduce the number of individuals requiring crisis interventions. Trust and foundation resources are limited however – only £4.4bn9 per year compared to government budgets of £603bn10 – enabling them to demonstrate effective interventions, but not to make them available to everyone who would benefi t.

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  • This paper brings a marriage of two seemly unrelated topics, natural language processing (NLP) and social network analysis (SNA). We propose a new task in SNA which is to predict the diffusion of a new topic, and design a learning-based framework to solve this problem. We exploit the latent semantic information among users, topics, and social connections as features for prediction. Our framework is evaluated on real data collected from public domain.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: List the characteristics of pure monopoly, explain how a pure monopoly sets its profit-maximizing output and price, discuss the economic effects of monopoly, describe why a monopolist might prefer to charge different prices in different markets, distinguish between the monopoly price, the socially optimal price, and the fair-return price of a government-regulated monopoly.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: List and explain the core elements of the major antitrust (antimonopoly) laws in the United States, describe some of the key issues relating to the interpretation and application of antitrust laws, identify and explain the economic principles and difficulties relating to the setting of prices (rates) charged by so-called natural monopolies, discuss the nature of "social regulation," its benefits and costs, and its optimal level.

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  • Abject poverty is without question the major economic problem of the world. This has always been so, but it has become the focus of great concern for nations and for large numbers of persons in recent years. To understand its causes and achieve its possible alleviation, an understanding of the nature of economics and economic activity is necessary.

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  • Abject poverty is without question the major economic problem of the world. This has always been so, but it has become the focus of great concern for nations and for large numbers of persons in recent years. To understand its causes and achieve its possible alleviation, an understanding of the nature of economics and economic activity is necessary.

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  • Whether the economy can successfully create enough jobs for welfare workers is yet to be seen. The existence of discriminatory practices, particularly in labor markets, compounds the problems of poverty. The groups with the highest rates of poverty, black families and those headed by a female, are also groups that are susceptible to being victims of discrimination. This chapter provides knowledge of poverty and discrimination.

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  • The creation of the North American Free Trade Agreement and the World Trade Organization stepped up the controversy between protectionists and free traders. Protectionists argue that imports should be limited to reduce foreign competition with goods produced in the United States, to remedy balance of trade and balance of payments problems, and to encourage U.S. industries vital to national security and economic welfare.

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  • In this chapter we explored the two most important problems that market economies face unemployment and inflation. Economists have devised specific definitions and specialized tools to define and measure both unemployment and inflation. Policymakers keep close watch on both because of their negative effects on society's standard of living.

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  • People are concerned about the size of government and inequities in the distribution of taxes, so this chapter focused on the problems of government size and of tax distributions. After the fears of people were discussed and conclusions were reached that some worries are well-founded and some are not, the problems of government size and tax distributions were approached in the same manner.

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