Xem 1-20 trên 41 kết quả Social security system
  • After studying this chapter you will be able to: Describe what Social Security is and its basic tax and benefit structure, detail the history of changes to the program since its inception, explain the economic rationale for having such a system, enumerate the effects of the program on work and savings,...

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  • In the process of Vietnam’s integration into the world economy and particular Vietnam became the mamber of the Worth trade Organization (WTO), economic risks will arise, people’s lives will be greatly affected, therefore, it is essential that social policies be adjusted in response to growth trend and pace of modernization.

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  • The social insurance of farmers is covered by section „rural development”. This section falls under the competence of the minister in charge of rural development, who, however, cooperates in matters of social insurance of farmers with the minister in charge of social security issues. Problems of employment and counteracting unemployment are covered by „labour” section, administered by the minister in charge of labour issues.

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  • This report is the second in a continuing review of the planning being done by the Social Security Administration (SSA) to develop a new data management system to support its service delivery process. The review was undertaken at the request of the Social Security Administration, and follows by one year a review by a similar panel of the Board on Telecommunications-Computer Applications, National Research Council.

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  • Taking the network scenario of Figure 1, there will be web interfaces (routers and serv- ers), BACnet/IP controllers (connected to interesting devices that are network accessible), and operator workstations that may have vulnerable OS as well as configuration files and other interesting data and resources. The following table is adapted from a Drexel report on network security [Eisenstein et al., 2003a] and lists known IT threats to a BACnet network connected to the public Internet.

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  • Computer Security: Chapter 4 - Introduction to Trust in Computing presents about Trust in Social & Computing Systems, Selected Trust Characteristics, Selected Research Issues in Trust, Avoiding Traps of Trust Complexity, Trust and Privacy, Trust & Pervasive Computing.

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  • Social engineering là phương pháp phi kỹ thuật đột nhập vào hệ thống hoặc mạng công ty. Đó là quá trình đánh lừa người dùng của hệ thống, hoặc thuyết phục họ cung cấp thông tin có thể giúp chúng ta đánh bại bộ phận an ninh. Social engineering là rất quan trọng để tìm hiểu, bởi vì hacker có thể lợi dụng tấn công vào yếu tố con người và phá vỡ hệ thống kỹ thuật an ninh hiện tại.

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  • The elderly in India often end up in a state of deprivation and negligence as there is no proper social security system as in the West (OASIS, 1999). The majority of the elderly work in the informal sector with low levels of wages and deficient working conditions and this has also put the aged in a state of deprivation, vulnerability and distress in old age in terms of both health and economic security (Helpage International, 2002). Empirical studies by different researchers have shown a gradual decline in the standard of life of the aged with high...

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  • The Community regulations on the coordination of social security systems of Member States have superseded – from the moment of Poland’s accession to the European Union – the bilateral international conventions/agreements on social security, which had earlier bound Poland with the Member States.

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  • The social democratic political economies showed higher levels of union density, that is, a greater propor- tion of workers belonging to organised labour unions, social security expenditures, and public employment levels. They had the largest public expenditure in health care from 1960 to 1990, and greatest health care coverage of citizens. These nations instituted full employment strategies, achieved high rates of female employment, and showed the lowest degree of income inequality and poverty rates.

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  • We are pleased to present the updated issue of publication „Social insurance in Poland – information, facts”. You will fi nd here current information on tasks exercised by the Social Insur- ance Institution (ZUS), current amounts of contributions and benefi ts provided for in the Polish social security system. Starting from 1 January 2009 payment of old-age benefi ts from the new old-age pension scheme, introduced in 1999, has started. For this reason we would like to pay particular attention to old-age pensions from the Social Insurance Fund....

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  • The information has been organised thematically in possibly simple way. It concerns social nsurance benefi ts and some of non-insurance benefi ts that are, however, managed by ZUS, as a public institution servicing the social security system in Poland. The study also describes the general principles of operation of separate systems, which are not managed by ZUS: health insurance, family benefi ts, benefi ts in respect of unemployment as well as the scheme of social insurance of farmers.

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  • Many countries around the world are partly prefunding their otherwise pay-as-you-go (PAYG) financed social security systems by establishing or further developing existing public pension reserve funds (PPRFs). Most OECD countries have put in place internal and external governance mechanisms and investment controls to ensure the sound management of these funds and better isolate them from undue political influence. These structures and mechanisms are in line with OECD standards of good pension fund governance and investment management.

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  • Make network security testing a routine and integral part of the system and network operations and administration. Organizations should conduct routine tests of systems and verify that systems have been configured correctly with the appropriate security mechanisms and policy. Routine testing prevents many types of incidents from occurring in the first place. The additional costs for performing this testing will be offset by the reduced costs in incident response. Test the most important systems first.

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  • In today’s networked economy the goal is the availability and productive use of informa- tion. The marketplace will not tolerate the cost and inconvenience of proprietary and competing technologies. Customer demands and competition drive companies to the higher efficiencies that networking provides. Competitors are driven to work together on open standards in order to enable networking: sharing resources and knowledge to create new opportunities and enable new services.

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  • State of Israel Bonds. State of Israel bonds are securities issued by the Israeli government through the Development Corporation of Israel that are marketed to the Israeli diaspora in particular to help build the nation’s infrastructure. Sixty years after David Ben-Gurion established the program in 1951, State of Israel bonds have raised over $33 billion. 405 Today, Israel considers the issuance of these bonds as a stable source of overseas borrowing and an important mechanism for maintaining ties with its diaspora.

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  • In order to draw a complete picture of the total morbidity costs, individually borne private costs and the costs borne collectively, e.g. by a social security system, have to be considered. All components together constitute the social costs of morbidity. Similar to the methodological possibilities for the monetary valuation of mortality, the morbidity may be assessed with different methodological approaches. For the costs of illness (COI) containing the production loss and medical treatment costs, the damage cost approach is used.

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  • I recognize that my biases frame the work in this thesis, particularly the perspective that i use to consider social interaction and regulation. As an academic, my notions of social interaction are entirely grounded in a Western, and primarily American perspective. As a researcher and system designer, i draw from a diverse set of disciplines, including sociology, psychology, cultural studies, queer theory, and computer graphics. While i am partially versed in all of these fields, i am by no means an expert in any of them. Yet, i come to this research as a technologist who...

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  • In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Identify several ethical issues regarding how the use of information technologies in business affects employment, individuality, working conditions, privacy, crime, health, and solutions to societal problems; identify several types of security management strategies and defenses and explain how they can be used to ensure the security of business applications of information technology;...

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  • The provision of universal access to healthcare, a right enshrined in the South African Constitution, is the responsibility of government. Although much progress has been made towards the creation of a national health system which makes ’access to health for all’ a reality, much remains to be done.As a means to facilitate debate on the subject, the Policy Analysis Unit of the Human Sciences Research Council, hosted a colloquium on ’Health within a comprehensive system of social security’, under the auspices of the South African National Liaison Committee of Unesco’...

    pdf0p quatet 10-01-2013 17 1   Download

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