Xem 1-20 trên 58 kết quả Social welfare
  • “Social Welfare” offers, for the first time, a wide-ranging, internationally-focused selection of cutting-edge work from leading academics. Its interdisciplinary approach and comparative perspective promote examination of the most pressing social welfare issues of the day. The book is divided in three sections.

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  • This chapter distinguish between the Pareto and Bergson criteria for a welfare improvement, discuss Nozick’s entitlement theory and its relevance to the recent history of South Africa, explain how a redistribution of income can be justified in terms of the theory of externalities, distinguish between the cardinal and ordinal social welfare functions, discuss the efficiency implications of policies aimed at redistributing income from rich to poor people.

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  • A book such as this would not have been written twenty years ago.An awareness of men as gendered is fairly new in health and social welfare. It took some years after the early development of social scientific interest in the social construction of masculinity for academics and practitioners to show an interest in practical engagement with men as gendered – that is, in engaging with men in such a way as to recognise how their identities and conduct are shaped by the way they are raised as men.

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  • The umbrella term Social Sciences and Humanities refers to a plurality of fields outside the Natural or Physical Sciences. Disciplines as different as anthropology, archaeology, architecture, art, cultural studies, economics, education, geography and environmental studies, history, law, languages and linguistics, political science, philosophy, psychology, sociology or translation studies, all share the concern for human relations and socio-cultural practices.

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  • In this paper we argue that religion and welfare state spending are substitute mecha- nisms that insure individuals against adverse life events. As a result, individuals who are religious will prefer lower levels of social insurance provision than will individuals who are secular, and countries that are more religious on average will have lower levels of welfare state spending.

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  • the patterns of poverty and inequality that the first democratically elected government of South Africa had to address and also delves into the welfare sector, first under apartheid, and then the move towards developmental social welfare. Through this work, Lund allows readers to understand the transformation from traditional and discriminatory welfare under apartheid, to the more progressive and developmental social welfare system to emerge in South Africa.

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  • This is the basic reason why the doctrine of "social responsibility" involves the acceptance of the socialist view that political mechanisms, not market mechanisms, are the appropriate way to determine the allocation of scarce resources to alternative uses. On the grounds of consequences, can the corporate executive in fact discharge his alleged "social responsibilities"? On the one hand, suppose he could get away with spending the stockholders' or customers' or employees' money. How is he to know how to spend it? He is told that he must contribute to fighting inflation.

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  • This timely book addresses a number of enduring debates regarding the political and legal trajectory of the European Union’s evolving constitutional framework, namely the role and nature of social policy. On the one hand, the purse strings of the national welfare states are still firmly guarded by the Member States, which retain the power to tax and grant benefits.

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  • The objectives of the thesis research: Basing on the theoretical and practice research of countries and Vietnam today, the thesis proposes orientations and solutions to strengthen the role of the Government in social welfare for farmers in Vietnam in next years.

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  • The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for

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  • Real Cases Project: Teaching guide for human behavior in the social environment aims to use the context of the child welfare system to help students develop an appreciation for the important aspects of the human condition. The course emphasizes the family as the basic unit of development and reciprocal influences between people and their environment.

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  • Page The Authors Editor’s Introduction Welfare Before the Welfare State David Gladstone The Voluntary Sector in the Mixed Economy of Welfare Jane Lewis The Friendly Societies and Adam-Smith Liberalism David G. Green Private Provision and Public Welfare: Health Insurance Between the Wars Noel Whiteside Political Thought and the Welfare State 1870-1940: An Intellectual Framework for British Social Policy Jose Harris The Poor Law Reports of 1909 and the Social Theory of the Charity Organisation Society A.W....

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  • In this chapter: Distinguish primary from secondary income distribution, understand the redistributive impact of the budget on secondary income distribution, explain the calculation of a Gini coefficient, identify the excess burden of a subsidy, show how a subsidy could be welfare-enhancing if there are positive externalities associated with consumption of certain goods (e.g. Food for the poor),...

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  • Whether the economy can successfully create enough jobs for welfare workers is yet to be seen. The existence of discriminatory practices, particularly in labor markets, compounds the problems of poverty. The groups with the highest rates of poverty, black families and those headed by a female, are also groups that are susceptible to being victims of discrimination. This chapter provides knowledge of poverty and discrimination.

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  • The creation of the North American Free Trade Agreement and the World Trade Organization stepped up the controversy between protectionists and free traders. Protectionists argue that imports should be limited to reduce foreign competition with goods produced in the United States, to remedy balance of trade and balance of payments problems, and to encourage U.S. industries vital to national security and economic welfare.

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  • All young people should do twelve months’ military or community service after finishing school. University education should be free. The state should pay the cost of students’ accommodation, food, and books. Oil companies should research and develop alternative energy sources to ensure future profitability. Unemployed people who live on social welfare should do some kind of work for the money they receive.

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  • In the Analysis of Issue question you discuss your opinion toward an issue. You write a well- balanced analysis of the issue the test presents to you. These are the most common topics: The most common topics relate to general business and public policy issues. Business issues generally relate to business ethics, marketing and labor. Government issues will generally relate to regulatory issues and social welfare issues. Here is an example of an Analysis of Issue question: Following the Colorado massacre of schoolchildren, many lawmakers have proposed that an...

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  • A firm cannot maximine value if it ignores the interest of its...{Journals}eufm/7_3/c200/makeup/c200.3d ... {Journals}eufm/7_3/c200/makeup/c200.3d. increase market share reduce this years profit. ...

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  • Technological change is today central to the theory of economic growth (Teixeira and Fortuna, 2010). It is recognized as an important driver of productivity growth and the emergence of new products from which consumers derive welfare (Verspagen, 2010).

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  • The purpose of this book is to offer a unifying conceptual framework for the normative study of taxation and related subjects in public eco- nomics. Such a framework necessarily begins with a statement of the social objective, taken here to be the maximization of a conventional social welfare function, and then asks how various government instru- ments are best orchestrated to achieve it. The structure is built on the foundation provided by the fundamental theorems of welfare econom- ics.

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