The Ramsar Convention defined the wise use of peatlands as “their sustainable
use for the benefit of mankind in a way compatible with the maintenance of the
natural properties of the ecosystem.” Land sustainability relates to definite periods
and land uses.
Human behavior and the social environment macro level group, communities and organizations provides theoretical perspectives, the social psychology of group behavior, the small group as a social system, the family in society, culture and society, community and community development, human behavior and the organizational environment (the community working together), human behavior and the natural environment (the community of the earth), human behavior and the religious spiritual environment (the community of faith).
A gender audit is essentially a “social audit”, and belongs to the category of “quality audits”,
which distinguishes it from traditional “ﬁ nancial audits”. It considers whether internal practices
and related support systems for gender mainstreaming are effective and reinforce each other and
whether they are being followed. It establishes a baseline; identiﬁ es critical gaps and challenges;
and recommends ways of addressing them, suggesting possible improvements and innovations.
It also documents good practices towards the achievement of gender equality.
The aim of the descriptive approach is to place a large number of films into a small set of groups
based on common characteristics such as theme or visual style. This means concentrating on the
formal and stylistic qualities of films. Try the following introductory exercise to familiarise yourself
with this approach:
The functional approach to genre, focuses instead on the role genre plays in society itself. The
Functional approach examines film and the viewing of films as a shared, social ritual, with different
audiences sharing common expectations and experiences.
Two, security testing is important for understanding, calibrating, and documenting the
operational security posture of an organization. Aside from development of these systems, the operational
and security demands must be met in a fast changing threat and vulnerability environment. Attempting to
learn and repair the state of your security during a major attack is very expensive in cost and reputation,
and is largely ineffective. Three, security testing is an essential component of improving the security
posture of your organization.
Document scope and organisation: For the purposes of BAT information exchange the
organic chemical industry has been divided into sectors for ‘Large Volume Organic Chemicals’,
‘Polymers’ and ‘Fine Organic Chemicals’. The IPPC directive does not use the term ‘Large
Volume Organic Chemicals’ and so offers no assistance in its definition. The TWG
interpretation, however, is that it covers those activities in sections 4.1(a) to 4.1(g) of Annex 1
to the Directive with a production rate of more than 100 kt/yr. In Europe, some 90 organic
chemicals meet these criteria.
Online marketing communications are moving toward interactions between individual
recipients and consumers rather than being directed from a marketing organization to masses of
consumers. It is now possible for an individual to be just as efficient in broadcasting
information, both positive and negative, about an organization as it is for a large corporation to
A public library is an organization established, supported and funded by the community, either
through local, regional or national government or through some other form of community organization.
(Public Library Manifesto, 1994)
Chapter 5 - Organizational ethics and the law. The purpose of this chapter is: Classifying an organization’s culture and ethical climate; recognizing ethics challenges across the multiple functions of business; creating effective ethics polices, ethics training programs, ethics reporting mechanisms, and similar safeguards;...
The 250 workshop participants included: (a) general managers and high-level staff of social
funds; (b) representatives of central government institutions that oversee the operations of the
funds; (c) representatives of municipal governments that interact with social funds in the selec-
tion and implementation of subprojects and of their regional associations; (d) representatives of
nongovernmental organizations and civil society organizations that work with social funds; (e)
staff of the World Bank and of other multilateral and bilateral development agencies that fi-
nance, design, an...
Emission profiles should be recorded instead of levels derived from short sampling periods.
Emission data should be related to the operations responsible. For emissions to air, BAT is to
monitor the emission profile which reflects the operational mode of the production process. In
the case of a non-oxidative abatement/recovery system, BAT is to apply a continuous
monitoring system (e.g. Flame Ionisation Detector, FID), where exhaust gases from various
processes are treated in a central recovery/abatement system.
During 1993–2003, incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States decreased 44% and is now occurring at a historic low
level (14,874 cases in 2003). The Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis has called for a renewed commitment to
eliminating TB in the United States, and the Institute of Medicine has published a detailed plan for achieving that goal.
Chapter 2 - Managing public issues and stakeholder relationships. In this chapter, students will be able to: Evaluating public issues and their significance to the modern corporation, applying available tools or techniques to scan an organization’s multiple environments, describing the steps in the issue management process and determining how to make the process most effective,...
Chapter 9 - Influencing the political environment. The purpose of this chapter is: Understanding the arguments for and against business participation in the political process, knowing the types of corporate political strategies and the influences on an organization’s development of a particular strategy, assessing the tactics businesses can use to be involved in the political process, examining the role of the public affairs department and its staff, recognizing the challenges business faces in managing business–government relations in different countries.
We acknowledge that there are serious gaps in the current evidence base, and we recognise
too, that those in the UK who call for the introduction of financial incentives do so out of a
genuine concern for the welfare of those waiting for an organ transplant.
Chapter 12 - Technology, organizations, and society. The goals of this chapter are: Defining technology and its characteristics, recognizing the evolving phases of technology throughout history and what fuels technological innovation today, examining how technological innovations have changed the way organizations operate and interact with their stakeholders around the world,...
Chapter 13 - Managing technology and innovation. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Evaluating the growth in breaches of personal information privacy, understanding where these attacks come from and what their effects are, evaluating initiatives taken by government and business to minimize invasions of privacy, recognizing the emerging role and responsibilities of the organization’s chief information officer,…
Chapter 15 - Consumer protection. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Analyzing the reasons for consumer advocacy and the methods consumer organizations use to advance their interests, knowing the five major rights of consumers, assessing the ways in which government regulatory agencies protect consumers and what kinds of products are most likely to be regulated,...
Chapter 16 - Employees and the corporation. Learning objectives of this chapter: Understanding workers’ rights to organize unions and bargain collectively, knowing how government regulations assure occupational safety and health and what business must do to protect workers, evaluating the limits of employers’ duty to provide job security to their workers,…
Chapter 19 - Managing public relations. In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Examining the structure and activities of a public relations department, both domestically and globally; understanding how technology can enhance a public relations strategy for both small and large businesses; evaluating strategies used by business organizations to influence public opinion;…