Soil salinisation

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  • Concurrent treatment of source area saturated and unsaturated zones usually requires the integration of chemical oxidation with other remedial technologies that target unsaturated zone contamination (e.g., soil vapor extraction). Frequently, soil vapor extraction, which is used to treat the unsaturated zone, is included as a component of chemical oxidation remedial solutions even if there is no specific need to treat unsaturated soils in the source area.

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  • In case of the control period (1961-1990), the initial and the lateral boundary conditions for the regional model are taken from (i) the ERA-40 reanalysis database (Uppala et al., 2005) using 1° horizontal resolution, compiled by the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and (ii) the HadCM3 ocean-atmosphere coupled GCM using ~150 km as a horizontal resolution. For the validation of the PRECIS results CRU TS 1.2 (Mitchell & Jones, 2005) datasets were used.

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  • Results in this year’s report are not comparable to results in previous editions, because a new procedure was used to weight the final data set. The new weighting procedure, which is described in the Technical Notes, was used to adjust for the lack of respondents who use only cell phones and not landline phones. The reader should not compare results in the Wisconsin Health Insurance Coverage 2007 report with results in this report. Comparisons of 2007 and 2008 results presented in this report (in the Key Findings and elsewhere) were made with a re-weighted version of...

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  • There are several differences between bamboo and wood. In bamboo, there are no rays or knots, which give bamboo a far more evenly distributed stresses throughout its length. Bamboo is a hollow tube, sometimes with thin walls, and consequently it is more difficult to join bamboo than pieces of wood. Bamboo does not contain the same chemical extractives as wood, and can therefore be glued very well [Jassen 1995].

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  • Prior to the 2010 renegotiation of the SRA, some observers argued that the reimbursement rate should be pegged to something other than premium value, such as the number of policies sold, to better reflect actual costs and to help reduce federal expenditures. If premiums are actuarially sound, the administrative costs of writing a policy are likely not proportional to the value of the policy (e.g., whether 10 acres or 1,000 acres, or $3 per bushel or $9 per bushel).

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  • Pollution prevention practices include low impact development techniques, installation of green roofs and improved chemical handling (e.g. management of motor fuels & oil, fertilizers and pesticides). Runoff mitigation systems include basin infiltration basins, bio retention systems, constructed wetlands, retention basins and similar devices. Thermal pollution from runoff can be controlled by storm water management facilities that absorb the runoff or direct it into groundwater, such as bio retention systems and infiltration basins.

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  • If you are eligible to deduct charitable contributions for federal income tax purposes (see Qualifying for a Tax Deduction later) and you want to claim a deduction for donating your vehicle to charity, then you should make certain that the charity is a qualified organization. Otherwise, your donation will not be tax deductible. The most common types of qualified organizations are section 501(c)(3) organizations, such as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. This publication refers to section 501(c)(3) organizations generally as “charities.” ...

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  • It is possible also that sprezzatura may be set in an organisational context. In terms of modern imagery within organisations, there may be similarities of context between a sixteenth century court and a twenty first century court, or organisation. In external terms, the version today lacks the overt ostentation of the earlier one in terms of furnishings, dress and ceremonials.

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  • however, even with tested, low-cost solutions for maternal and neonatal health available, mothers and infants die needlessly. every year, more than 500,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth, and many more are permanently disabled. 6 even when infants survive, their chance for a healthy and productive life is much diminished by the death or disability of the mother.

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  • Regioregular polythiophene-based conductive copolymers with highly crystalline nanostructures are shown to hold considerable promise as the active layer in volatile organic compound (VOC) chemresistor sensors. While the regioregular polythiophene polymer chain provides a charge conduction path, its chemical sensing selectivity and sensitivity can be altered either by incorporating a second polymer to form a block copolymer or by making a random copolymer of polythiophene with different alkyl side chains.

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  • For the banking group as a whole, costs of doing business may be lower under the branch structure than under the subsidiary structure. Maintaining greater self- sufficiency of affiliates in a subsidiary structure requires that each affiliate hold higher capital and liquidity buffers to limit the likelihood of failure. This results in higher levels of capital and funding for the banking group as a whole than under the branch structure.

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  • There are a vast number of technologies and practices that can be employed to reduce GHG emissions for the purpose of generating offsets. In addition, GHG emissions can be offset through certain kinds of land use and forestry practices that remove CO2 from the atmosphere. According to a survey from 2006, projects involving land use and forestry practices are in fact the most common type being funded by voluntary offset purchases. 12 The next most common type of project involves renewable energy production, followed by demand-side energy efficiency improvements (Table 1).

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  • The quality of air in Kathmandu valley is much lower than the national and international standards and the occurrence of high level of PM 10 in the atmosphere has become a major health concern. Vehicular emission followed by road re-suspension dust, smoke and dust out of the brick kilns are the main culprits. It is not that there is nothing done to address this grave problem. Various GOs and I/NGOs and private sector alike have shown their concern to address the problem of air pollution in Nepal but they are strikingly insufficient as compared against the magnitude and gravity of...

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  • Since the early 1970s, a variety of issues relating to energy supply have disrupted the energy marketplace. The oil crises of the 1970s, the deregulation of electricity and gas markets, the ebb and flow of various conflicts in the Middle East, Y2K fears, air-quality concerns, the recognition of global warming, and California’s recent energy supply woes are just some of the events and concerns that have affected both consumer perceptions and market prices.

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  • This year’s edition of the Arab Media Outlook builds upon the foundations of the previous two editions and deals with some significant extra material. It includes coverage of three additional markets and, for the first time, it gives a detailed analysis of consumer habits and trends in four selected markets. It also provides projections for the local advertising industry over the period 2009- 2013, across all major media platforms and the 15 countries considered.

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  • Universities seem not well prepared to ‘educate’ transformation skills. Like undergraduate programs, most MBA programs focus on traditional, disciplinary knowledge (e.g. marketing, accounting / finance, human resources, operations management, and information systems), although complex transformations require cross-disciplinary skills. Even at renowned business schools, integrated, cross-disciplinary pro- grams focusing on change are hard to find (Team Denzler, 2002). If they exist at all, ‘change’ programs often are restricted to soft factors and exclude technology issues.

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  • A higher-risk CMO tranche could, for example, have an average life that changes from 2 years to 20 years with even a modest increase in interest rates. Higher risk refers here to the cash flow variability of the tranche, not its credit quality, although underwriters can create structured securities that combine higher average life sensitivity with lower credit quality. The highest yields go to those tranches that, by design, exhibit the most volatile average lives. Such tranches receive excess principal cash when prepayments rise, and pay off early.

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  • As the relationship among Canada, the United States, and Mexico develops, it creates the oppor- tunity to ask ourselves if and how continental prosperity is benefiting our most significant asset— our children. Does a child raised on this continent have the best chance at health, education, and safety? Will a child raised on this continent be able to face the challenges that globalization brings—today and in the future? Securing the well-being of our young people requires greater cooperation and information sharing.

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  • Concerns about the level of technological capability make it much easier to build a consensus regarding the need to protect human dignity by preventing experimentation in cloning.

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  • DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) permits a person, role, or organization that owns the signing domain to claim some responsibility for a message by associating the domain with the message. This can be an author’s organization, an operational relay, or one of their agents. DKIM separates the question of the identity of the Signer of the message from the purported author of the message. Assertion of responsibility is validated through a cryptographic signature and by querying the Signer’s domain directly to retrieve the appropriate public key.

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