Xem 1-20 trên 39 kết quả Solar research
  • Exciting new observational and theoretical advances lead today's solar physicists to challenge many of the predictions of even recent models. This volume summarizes the major questions at the forefront of solar physics theory and observations, and proposes priority recommendations to explore these questions.

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  • The Sun to the Earth—and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space Physics is the product of an 18-month effort that began in December 2000, when the National Research Council (NRC) approved a study to assess the current status and future directions of U.S. ground- and space-based programs in solar and space physics research. The NRC’s Space Studies Board and its Committee on Solar and Space Physics organized the study, which was carried out by five ad hoc study panels and the 15-member Solar and Space Physics Survey Committee, chaired by Louis J.

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  • Abstract The year 2008 marked the one hundredth anniversary of the observational discovery by George Ellery Hale of magnetic field in sunspots (Hale in Astrophys. J. 28:315–343, 1908). This observation, the first to suggest a direct link between the best-known variable features on the Sun and magnetism, started a line of research that has widened considerably over the last 100 years and is continuing today. Knowledge about all aspects of the Sun has increased in a remarkable way over the past few decades....

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  • In 2003, the National Research Council (NRC) published the first decadal strategy for solar and space physics: The Sun to the Earth—and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space Physics.1 That report included a recommended suite of NASA missions that were ordered by priority, presented in an appropriate sequence, and selected to fit within the expected resource profile for the next decade.

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  • Generating electricity from a heat source using no moving mechanical parts is the ultimate goal of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s thermionics program. However, developing thermionic energy conversion devices has proven difficult, although much progress has been made. In spite of initial success during the late 1960s and intermittent funding since that time, for a variety of reasons no thermionic system has yet been developed in the United States that can be used today on Earth or in space.

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  • This paper summarizes the presentations and discussion at the Energy Options for the Future meeting held at the Naval Research Laboratory in March of 2004. The presentations covered the present status and future potential for coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass energy sources and the effect of measures for energy conservation. The longevity of current major energy sources, means for resolving or mitigating environmental issues, and the role to be played by yet to be deployed sources, like fusion, were major topics of presentation and discussion....

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  • The title of this book was specifi cally chosen to encompass all the chapters presented in the book. Solar collectors and panels have become household and industrial items being used for power production, heating, cooling and are even being used for outer space research because of their environmentally friendly nature.

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  • A wide variety of detail regarding genuine and proprietary research from distinguished authors is presented, ranging from new means of evaluation of the local solar irradiance to the manufacturing technology of photovoltaic cells. Also included is the topic of biotechnology based on solar energy and electricity generation onboard space vehicles in an optimised manner with possible transfer to the Earth. The graphical material supports the presentation, transforming the reading into a pleasant and instructive labor for any interested specialist or student....

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  • From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun’s influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics—the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics—have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. This report, from the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics.

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  • This book represents a collection of scientific articles covering the field of infrared radiation. It offers extensive information about current scientific research and engineering developments in this area. Each chapter has been thoroughly revised and each represents significant contribution to the scientific community interested in this matter.

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  • What should you know about science? Because science is so central to life in the 21st century, science educators believe that it is essential that everyone understand the basic foundations of the most vital and far-reaching scientific disciplines. Earth Science and Human History 101 helps you reach that goal—this series provides readers of all abilities with an accessible summary of the ideas, people, and impacts of major fields of scientific research.

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  • The fractal analysis is becoming a very useful tool to process obtained data from chaotic systems in geosciences. It can be used to resolve many ambiguities in this domain. This book contains eight chapters showing the recent applications of the fractal/mutifractal analysis in geosciences. Two chapters are devoted to applications of the fractal analysis in climatology, two of them to data of cosmic and solar geomagnetic data from observatories. Four chapters of the book contain some applications of the (multi-) fractal analysis in exploration geophysics.

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  • Over the last decade, PV technology has shown the potential to become a major source of power generation for the world – with robust and continuous growth even during times of financial and economic crisis. That growth is expected to continue in the years ahead as worldwide awareness of the advantages of PV increases. At the end of 2009, the world’s PV cumulative installed capacity was approaching 23 GW. One year later it was 40 GW. In 2011, more than 69 GW are installed globally and...

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  • Taylor et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:225 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/225 NANO EXPRESS Open Access Nanofluid optical property characterization: towards efficient direct absorption solar collectors Robert A Taylor1*, Patrick E Phelan1, Todd P Otanicar2, Ronald Adrian1, Ravi Prasher1 Abstract Suspensions of nanoparticles (i.e., particles with diameters

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  • Aeberhard Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:242 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/242 NANO EXPRESS Open Access Theory and simulation of photogeneration and transport in Si-SiOx superlattice absorbers Urs Aeberhard Abstract Si-SiOx superlattices are among the candidates that have been proposed as high band gap absorber material in allSi tandem solar cell devices. Owing to the large potential barriers for photoexited charge carriers, transport in these devices is restricted to quantum-confined superlattice states.

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  • Space research is one of the most evocative and challenging fields of human endeavour. In the half-century that has elapsed since the beginning of the space age, we have been exposed to wonders beyond the imagination of even the most visionary of science fiction writers. We have peered deep into the Universe and studied physics that we can never duplicate on the Earth. We have begun to understand our own Sun, and the flow of energy outward through the Solar System that is fundamental to our existence.

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  • Almost 60 years after her retirement in 1951, why is the life of Ruby Payne-Scott of significance to us? She was a unique scientist working in one of the first major solar radio astronomy groups after the end of World War II. This fortunate circumstance was due to the experience she gained working on radar at the major Australian laboratory during World War II. Payne-Scott was a pioneer Australian scientist leading the charge for equality of women in the work place.

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  • Some insurers have research units and can advise manufacturers and other organizations of theft trends and vulnerabilities of various vehicles to theft. The Coalition Against Insurance Fraud’s public awareness campaign includes airbag theft and works with legislators to address insurance fraud issues. The National Insurance Crime Bureau has brought together insurers and law enforcement agencies to facilitate identification, detection and prosecution of auto theft-related insurance fraud.

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  • Allahyari et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:360 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/360 NANO EXPRESS Open Access Conjugate heat transfer of laminar mixed convection of a nanofluid through an inclined tube with circumferentially non-uniform heating Shahriar Allahyari1, Amin Behzadmehr1* and Seyed Masoud Hosseini Sarvari2 Abstract Laminar mixed convection of a nanofluid consisting of water and Al2O3 in an inclined tube with heating at the top half surface of a copper tube has been studied numerically.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Growth of Comb-like ZnO Nanostructures for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Applications

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