Solid electrolytes

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  • Introduction: The ceramic oxide known as ‘beta alumina’ exhibits remarkably high conductivity of sodium ions and, as a consequence, has been adopted as a key component in batteries that employ liquid sodium as the active material at the negative electrode. Most rechargeable (or ‘secondary’) batteries comprise solid electrodes and a liquid electrolyte. A separator is placed in the electrolyte between the plates to prevent a short circuit.

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  • The eight chapters in this book cover topics on advanced anode and cathode materials, materials design, materials screening, electrode architectures, diagnostics and materials characterization, and electrode/electrolyte interface characterization for lithium batteries.

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  • Introduction: Other than in solutions or in ionic liquids, ionic conduction can take place in the solid state also. The solids that exhibit ionic conduction are called ‘solid-state ionic conductors’. Based on the charge of ionic species responsible for the conduction, they are divided into cationic and anionic conductors; then, based on specific species involved in the conduction, they are further subdivided into sodium ion conductors, proton conductors, fluorine ion conductors, and so on.

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  • Introduction: The electrolyte solution is a major component of all battery systems and as such will greatly influence energy densities (thermodynamic properties such as Gibbs energy, enthalpy, and ionic activity) and power densities (nonthermodynamic properties such as viscosity, conductivity, and transference). The electrolyte solution consists of a liquid or solid phase containing at least one component, e.g., water, which is called the solvent, and an ionizable substance, e.g., a salt or an acid, which is called the electrolyte. ...

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  • Introduction: It may seem something of a truism to describe an element as unique, but hydrogen is certainly one of the more unusual elements in the periodic table. It is the lightest element and consists of only a proton and an electron and is thus the only element not to contain a neutron in its main isotope (1H). In its stable molecular form (H2), it is also the least dense and the most abundant in the universe. Perhaps surprisingly, given that its low density results in gaseous hydrogen being almost nonexistent in the Earth’s lower atmosphere, it is also the...

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  • Conventional electrostatic capacitors contain a dielectric instead of an electrolyte solution. Electrochemical supercapacitors, however, contain a liquid electrolyte (aqueous, nonaqueous), and can be classified by the electrode material used (carbon, metal oxide, polymer) and the operating principle (double-layer capacitance, redox pseudocapacitance, hybrid capacitance).

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa hoc quốc tế đề tài : Polystyrene-Al2O3 composite solid polymer electrolyte for lithium secondary battery

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  • Introduction: Background The vast majority of research into solid-state polymer electrolytes for low-temperature (o200 1C) fuel cells has focused on proton-exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells (PEMFCs). Recently, there has been interest in the application of the analogous anion-exchange membranes (AEMs), in alkaline forms, in low-temperature fuel cells (Figure 1).

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  • Introduction: The modern interest for phenomena at the semiconductor–electrolyte interface dates back to experiments performed in the 1950s with germanium, and has extended to most semiconducting materials for reasons of fundamental knowledge or potential application, going from semiconductor processing technology to heterogeneous photocatalysis to sensors. The subject is highly interdisciplinary and involves fields like electrochemistry, solid-state physics, and surface science.

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  • These days, it is impossible to think of an area of knowledge that can keep on developing without a collaboration in interdisciplinary fields. Electromotive force is a type of energy per unit of electric charge that is converted reversibly from chemical, mechanical, or other forms of energy into electrical energy by a dynamo, battery, electrochemical cells, thermoelectric devices, solar cells, transformers, and so on. The theory of electromotive Force is currently one of the most important research topics within the electrical engineering domain.

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