Somalia

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  • This study reviews trends in aid provided to the health sector in Somalia over 2000 “2009. It is a testimony to the commitment of donors and implementers who have relentlessly tried to improve the dire health situation of millions of Somalis. At the same time, this study is a wake-up call for all donors and implementers. Have donors been generous enough? Have millions of dollars been invested in the most efficient way to maximize results? Did donors choose the right priorities? Did they stay the course? Did they learn from their own mistakes?The answers are mixed. Donors stepped up their...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Providing surgical care in Somalia: A model of task shifting...

    pdf5p thulanh18 28-10-2011 21 2   Download

  • Ê-TI-Ô-PI-A Khái quát - Vị trí địa lý: thuộc vùng Sừng châu Phi, Đông giáp Somalia và Djibouti, Tây giáp Sudan, Nam giáp Kenya, Bắc giáp Biển Đỏ - Diện tích: 1.127.127 km2 - Dân số: 78,25 triệu (2007) - Ngôn ngữ: tiếng Amharic, Oromo, Tigray (chính thức), tiếng Anh - Tôn giáo: Thiên chúa giáo 50%, Hồi giáo 35%, Cổ truyền 15% - Thủ đô: Addis Ababa - Khí hậu: khí hậu ôn hoà (từ 15-20 độC), mùa khô (từ tháng 11- 5), mùa mưa (từ tháng 6-10) - Đơn vị tiền tệ : Birr - Ngày Quốc...

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  • Vào tháng năm 1980,Tổ chức Y tế thế giới (WHO) chính thức tuyên bố rằng bệnh đậu mùa đã được thanh toán. Tuyên bố này được đưa ra sau trường hợp cuối cùng mắc bệnh đậu mùa tự nhiên được ghi nhận tại Somalia, châu Phi vào tháng 10 năm 1977. WHO đã khép lại trang sách về bệnh đậu mùa sau khi triển khai các chiến dịch tiêm chủng rộng rãi và kiểm soát dịch tễ học tích cực từ 1967 đến 1977. Do bệnh đậu mùa không còn được coi là một mối đe dọa cho nhân...

    pdf12p buddy5 31-05-2011 59 13   Download

  • the large, well-organised and informed Somalia diaspora repatriate significant remittances and, to a very considerable extent, Somalis (especially urban communities) subsist on these remittances. remittances have been used to invest in a flourishing private sector in Somalia, including private health care services. However, these investments are not aggregated nor under control of central authorities, are not distributed according to need and so are not strategically focussed, efficient or egalitarian. the status of educational attainment in the country is very low.

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  • Their hardened hooves and lighter bones enable them to endure long migrations. These adaptive attributes have facilitated their importation and spread by Indian and Arabian merchants across the Red Sea to the drier agro-ecological regions of the Horn of Africa (Loftus and Cunningham 2000). The Large East African Zebu cattle breeds, like the present-day Boran of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, and the Butana and Kenana of the Sudan have very similar morphological characteristics to that of the zebu breeds of Asia. They are maintained by mainly pastoral communities in the Horn of Africa....

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  • Ethiopia – quốc gia ở Đông Phi, giáp với Eritrea và Gibuti ở đông bắc, với Somalia ở phía đông và đông nam, với Kenya ở phía tây nam và Sudan ở phía tây.

    pdf4p heavenmaster1996 12-08-2011 37 4   Download

  • this document is the result of a collaborative process between the Health authorities in Somalia and the UN agencies – UNFPa, WHo and UNiceF, to define the way ahead for reproductive Health in Somalia. the process was assisted with finance and support by DFiD and the ec. We would like to acknowledge the contributions of the 2 key consultant authors Dr ingvil Sorbye and Dr Bailah leigh.

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  • the Somali people have suffered through decades of poverty, under-investment, conflict, insecurity, displacements and natural disasters. reproductive health suffers considerably in such an environment, as more than in any other field of health, meeting needs depends on a comprehensive, functioning health system. recent survey and health information such as the last MicS in 2006 reaffirm the high levels of need of women in Somalia (high fertility and high maternal mortality - MMr 1,400/100,000 live births) and low levels of access to quality services.

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  • in 1991 the North-West region declared the independent state of Somaliland, which has not been recognised as independent by the majority of other countries. Nevertheless, Somaliland enjoys relative peace and security and is de facto administered from its capital, Hargeisa. in 1998 the North-east declared itself as the autonomous region of Puntland. Puntland has not sought separate statehood but declared its intention to participate in any Somali reconciliation and reconstruction process.

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  • each year some eight million of the estimated 210 million women who become pregnant, suffer life- threatening complications related to pregnancy. in 2000, an estimated 529,000 women died during pregnancy and childbirth from largely preventable causes; 2.7 million infants are stillborn every year and three million infants die within the first seven days of life. globally, the maternal mortality ratio has not changed over the past decade. Ninety-nine percent of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries16 . Somalia has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world.

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  • The regional and worldwide aggregates omit economies for which Gallup excludes more than 20 percent of the population in the sampling either because of security risks or because the population includes non-Arab expatriates. These excluded economies are Algeria, Bahrain, the Central African Republic, Madagascar, Qatar, Somalia, and the United Arab Emirates. The Islamic Republic of Iran is also excluded because the data were collected in that country using a methodology inconsistent with that used for other economies (the survey was carried out by phone from Turkey).

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  • Malnutrition in Somalia is a huge public health problem, negatively affecting growth, development and survival of the population. Situational analysis shows a long term nutrition crisis characterised by persistently high rates of acute and chronic malnutrition throughout the country with some variation by zone and livelihood system. This situation reflects nearly two decades of armed conflict and insecurity, with breakdown in social and public services coupled with recurrent droughts and flooding seriously affecting food security and livelihoods.

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  • Due to constraints to rapid scale up of interventions (restrictions in access, logistic, human and financial resources) a phased approach has been adopted. Activities for the first year (phase 1) are focused on the adaption and standardisation of tools, training and strengthening of structures and mechanisms in preparation for delivery of interventions in the subsequent years (Phase 2). The strategy is consistent with the United Nations Transition Plan (UNTP) for Somalia 2008-09 and has been included in the Reconstruction and Development Plan (RDP) for the next three years....

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  • Since the collapse of central government in 1991 and the resulting civil war, there have been many efforts to restore a central government in Somalia without sustained success. In 1991, the North west zone (NWZ) declared the independent state of Somaliland, with its governing administration in the capital Hargesia. The North east Zone (NEZ) declared itself as the autonomous region of Puntland in 1998. Although governed by its administration in its capital Garowe, it pledges to participate in any Somali reconciliation and reconstruction process that should occur.

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  • Published results from the UKPDS were included in this review if they specifically reported results on the relationship between HbA1c and microvascular and/or macrovascular complications. One prospective observational study28 was identified which analysed the UKPDS glucose control results in terms of both macrovascular and microvascular complications. A meta-analysis29 was also identified which assessed the association between glycosylated haemoglobin and cardiovascular (CV) disease in people with diabetes. This included an analysis of 10 studies specifically of people with Type 2 diabetes.

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  • There has been very little funding to support nutrition both from the public and partners and very limited civil society activism and advocacy on maternal, infant and young child nutrition issues. Recommendations: MOH and civil society should continue to advocate for more funds to support implementation of the National MIYCN strategy. There is need for local and international advocates to give technical and financial support Kenya to operationalize her National Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition Strategy....

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  • The Ethiopian Boran breed originally descended from the first introduction of zebu into Africa from West Asia. The breed established its presence first in the semi-arid and arid pastoral Borana plateau of southern Ethiopia. The Borana pastoralist community maintains it. Pastoral movements and migrations led to spread of the Ethiopian Boran to the eastern rangelands in Ethiopia as well as into northern Kenya and southwestern Somalia. The Orma Boran, the Somali Boran and the Kenya Boran have evolved from these migrations.

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  • We advance this literature by using process quality measures that accurately represent the provider’s ability to respond to a range of conditions that promote poor human growth in low- and middle-income settings. Our measure employs clinical case scenarios that offer an objective method of evaluating what occurs during the encounter between a client and provider, and whether provider performance accorded with established standards of care. The specific case scenarios constructed measure the process quality of prenatal and child healthcare.

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  • This report examines the nature of demands on Army officers in the contemporary operating environment and ways in which those demands may affect future leader development. Compared with the relative stability that characterized the world situation over many preceding decades, the operational picture in recent years has become much more variable—encompassing sharply different operations in unfamiliar locations, such as Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Haiti, and Kuwait.

    pdf0p xuancoem 01-02-2013 18 1   Download

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