Xem 1-20 trên 46 kết quả Some syntax
  • Chapter One considers some of the classes of the java.io package. Java defines input and output (I/O) in terms of classes known as streams. Streams provide system input and output in a way that isolates the developer from the details about how an operating system provides access to system resources for the purposes of I/O. Streams are not required for input and output when a graphical user interface (GUI) is used to capture and display information in an application. Graphical user interface design is examined in Chapter Three....

    pdf101p tuanloc_do 03-12-2012 23 4   Download

  • A proper treatment of syntax and semantics in machine translation is introduced and discussed from the empirical viewpoint. For EnglishJapanese machine translation, the syntax directed approach is effective where the Heuristic Parsing Model (HPM) and the Syntactic Role System play important roles. For Japanese-English translation, the semantics directed approach is powerful where the Conceptual Dependency Diagram (CDD) and the Augmented Case Marker System (which is a kind of Semantic Role System) play essential roles.

    pdf8p bungio_1 03-05-2013 21 3   Download

  • A fundamental problem in text generation is word ordering. Word ordering is a computationally difficult problem, which can be constrained to some extent for particular applications, for example by using synchronous grammars for statistical machine translation. There have been some recent attempts at the unconstrained problem of generating a sentence from a multi-set of input words (Wan et al., 2009; Zhang and Clark, 2011). By using CCG and learning guided search, Zhang and Clark reported the highest scores on this task.

    pdf11p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 16 2   Download

  • This paper describes a model of syntactical analysis. It shows first how a context-free grammar formalism can be modified in order to reduce the number of rules required by a natural language, and second, how this formalism can be extended to the handling of some non-contextfree phenomena. The description of the algorithm is also given.

    pdf11p nghetay_1 06-04-2013 10 1   Download

  • Statistical translation models that try to capture the recursive structure of language have been widely adopted over the last few years. These models make use of varying amounts of information from linguistic theory: some use none at all, some use information about the grammar of the target language, some use information about the grammar of the source language. But progress has been slower on translation models that are able to learn the relationship between the grammars of both the source and target language. ...

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 17 1   Download

  • Discourse connectives are words or phrases such as once, since, and on the contrary that explicitly signal the presence of a discourse relation. There are two types of ambiguity that need to be resolved during discourse processing. First, a word can be ambiguous between discourse or non-discourse usage. For example, once can be either a temporal discourse connective or a simply a word meaning “formerly”. Secondly, some connectives are ambiguous in terms of the relation they mark.

    pdf4p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 13 1   Download

  • We argue for the usefulness of an active chart as the basis of a system that searches for the globally most plausible explanation of failure to syntactically parse a given input. We suggest semantics-free, grammarindependent techniques for parsing inputs displaying simple kinds of ill-formedness and discuss the search issues involved.

    pdf8p bungio_1 03-05-2013 13 1   Download

  • What is the relationship between syntax, prosody and phonetics? This paper argues for a declarative constraint-based theory, in which each step in a derivation adds diverse constraints to a pool. Some of these describe well formed objects in the feature structure domain, in terms of both syntactic and prosodic features. Some characterise the relative prominence of constituents as a partial order over some discrete domain (playing the role of metrical grid). Some are simultaneous equations in the reals, whose solutions represent the pitch level of phonetic objects - high and low tones....

    pdf8p buncha_1 08-05-2013 21 1   Download

  • Ext JS was developed by a unified team of programmers working toward a single goal—to provide a consistent core user interface and interaction library. Because of this, the code used for different functionalities and widgets is more coherent than in some other JavaScript libraries. Ext JS really shines in making web applications easy-to-use and intuitive. If you are a web application developer, it's a great library to have in your arsenal.

    pdf324p reegan2011 12-05-2011 893 31   Download

  • There are only three basic constructs in Prolog: facts, rules, and queries. A collection of facts and rules is called a knowledge base (or a database) and Prolog programming is all about writing knowledge bases. That is, Prolog programs simply are knowledge bases, collections of facts and rules which describe some collection of relationships that we find interesting. So how do we use a Prolog program? By posing queries. That is, by asking questions about the information stored in the knowledge base...

    pdf184p tailieuvip13 24-07-2012 48 19   Download

  • With the introduction of multicore devices such as the iPad 2 and the quad-core Mac- Book Pro, writing multithreaded apps that take advantage of multiple cores on a device has become one of the biggest headaches for developers. Take, for instance, the introduction of iPad 2. On the launch day, only a few applications, basically those released by Apple, were able to take advantage of its multiple cores. Applications like Safari performed very well on the iPad 2 compared to the original iPad, but some third-party browsers did not perform as well as Safari.

    pdf58p oscarlee 23-08-2012 37 7   Download

  • While there is a study guide (available from Ventus) that focuses largely on objects and their characteristics, it will be instructive to the learner (of the Java programming language) to understand how the concept of an object is applied to their construction and use in Java applications.

    pdf92p tuanloc_do 03-12-2012 23 5   Download

  • Using the Java Application Programming Interface Chapter One takes examples from the Java Application Programming Interface (API) and the themed application in order to emphasise the critical importance of documentation. The examples are used to show how documentation is organised in the API and how it is inserted into developer’s code.

    pdf118p tuanloc_do 03-12-2012 21 4   Download

  • We compare the phenomena of clausal coordinate ellipsis in Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language, and German, an Indo-European language. The rules underlying these phenomena appear to be remarkably similar. Thus, the software module ELLEIPO, which was originally developed to generate clausal coordinate ellipsis in German and Dutch, works for Estonian as well. In order to extend ELLEIPO’s coverage to Estonian, we only had to adapt the lexicon and some syntax rules unrelated to coordination.

    pdf4p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 20 3   Download

  • That at least some syntax is necessary to support semantic processing is fairly obvious. To know exactly how much syntax is needed, however, and how and when to apply it, is still an open and crucial, albeit old, question. This paper discusses the solutions used in a semantic analyser of French called SABA, developed at the University of Liege, Belgium. Specifically, we shall argue in favor of the usefulness of two syntactic processes: fragmentation, which can he interleaved with semantic processing, and part-of-speech disambiguation, which can be performed as a preprocesslng step. ...

    pdf7p buncha_1 08-05-2013 6 1   Download

  • Chapter 2 introduction to the variables - constants – expressions - flow control - methods. In this chapter you will learn: Basic C# syntax variables, constants, expressions; how to branch code, loop code; how to write and call method; how to catch an exception.

    ppt68p kiepnaybinhyen_01 01-12-2015 4 1   Download

  • Chapter 3 - Lexical and syntactic analysis: Lexical analysis. This chapter presents the following content: Example tokens, other sequences, regular expressions, clite lexical syntax, finite state automata, some conventions, lexer code, from design to code,...

    ppt34p whocare_e 04-10-2016 1 0   Download

  • Concurrent Programming introducing some principles of reentrancy, mutual exclusion and thread synchronization: Problems with ‘stash.c’, One cure is communication, Kernel semaphores, Mutual-exclusion syntax, struct file_operations.

    pdf33p maiyeumaiyeu18 01-11-2016 0 0   Download

  • In the previous chapter, I introduced you to LINQ. I provided some examples to whet your appetite, and shared some premature tips. You may be perplexed though by some of the syntax. If so, it is probably because the C# you witnessed in that chapter is new and improved. The reason for the C# language upgrade is that C# 2.0 just didn’t have the muscle to pull off LINQ. In this chapter, I introduce you to the more powerful C# 3.0.

    pdf626p dreamlclove 21-08-2009 675 262   Download

  • The structure of this book remains essentially the same as that of the first edition. The most obvious difference is the collapsing of chapters 11 and 12 into one (adjectival and adverbial groups), leaving 12 (prepositions and the prepositional phrase) as the final chapter. Following the welcome feedback from reviewers and consultants, there has also been some rearrangement of the material: in particular, the section on negation has been brought forward to Chapter 1, and the syntax of prepositional and phrasal verbs is made more explicit in Chapter 2.

    pdf640p nhutthinh 23-07-2009 541 235   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản