Business and commercial enterprise takes place within a legal context and, in the final
analysis, is governed and regulated by law. One of the problems facing the person
studying business activity, and the one that is specifically addressed in this book, is
the fact that business enterprise takes place within a general and wide-ranging legal
environment, but the student is required to have more than a passing knowledge of
the legal rules and procedures which impact on business activity.
The purpose of the Companion is to provide a reference work for the active
researcher in law and economics. In so doing, care has been taken to avoid a
possible overlap with other works in the field. In particular, the Companion
does not intend to duplicate the ambitious New Palgrave, which aims to
balance its pointedly formal focus by emphasizing institutional economics
After reading this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions: What is business law? How does business law relate to business education? What are the purposes of law? What are alternative ways to classify the law? What are the sources of the law? What are the various schools of jurisprudence? What are business ethics and the social responsibility of business?
Instructors want to educate their students to become knowledgeable consumers of legal services.
Students want to become successful managers, capable of planning to avoid legal problems
and of making more informed decisions when confronted with legal issues regarding
the marketing of goods and services. This textbook is designed for both audiences.
Experiencedmarketing managers know that the law affects marketing activities in a multitude
Imagine a world in which the laws and policies of every
country allowed women to fully enjoy their reproductive
rights. While this is still a distant goal, a confluence of
factors has enabled women’s health and rights advocates
to bring it into focus. The 1994 International Conference
on Population and Development (ICPD) and the 1995
Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW) were
groundbreaking for so many reasons, among them that
governments agreed that everyone has reproductive
rights, and that they are an inalienable part of established
international human rights.
The present book is based on the lectures delivered by the author in the past few
years as part of the Criminal Law course of the Faculty of Law at the Ono Academic
College. There has been little research on the principle of legality in modern
criminal law, although this is one of the most ancient legal principles of human
society. In recent generations there have been several attempts to define the
principle conclusively, but only with regard to some of its aspects. No comprehensive
definition of the principle of legality has been attempted to date....
This book provides a modern and basic introduction to a branch of international
law constantly gaining in importance in international life, namely international
humanitarian law (the law of armed conflict). It is constructed in a way suitable for
self-study. The subject matters are discussed in self-contained chapters, allowing each
to be studied independently of the others.
Administrative law provides many of the safeguards which prevent government
becoming an intolerable evil. It is the purpose of this book to provide an
introduction to administrative law and its control of government power indicating,
wherever possible, the nature of those powers, the purpose of governmental
functions as well as the scope and effectiveness of legal control.
Criminal Law was my favorite class as a first-year law student at Northwestern University
Law School in 1958. I’ve loved it ever since, a love that has only grown from teaching it at
least once a year at the University of Minnesota since 1971. I hope my love of the subject
comes through in Criminal Law, which I’ve just finished for the tenth time. It’s a great
source of satisfaction that my modest innovation to the study of criminal law—the textcasebook—
has endured and flourished.
Islamic criminal law is not something anachronistic, as is the assumption
of many scholars interested in the Arab and Muslim world.1 It
is in fact the prevailing form of law in many Muslim states2 and may
well become a penal law in the majority in the future. According to a
recent survey conducted by Gallup World Poll, an average of 79% of
people in the ten Muslim countries3 opined that the incorporation of
Sharia must be a source of legislation
Family law is of fairly recent invention, especially as an academic subject, credit for this
achievement usually going to Professor Peter Bromley, who published the first edition of
his now well known textbook in 1957. In the same decade, a practical text on ‘Divorce’, as
the general subject of family law was then called, was published by Dmitri Tolstoy.
The 2005 Declaration discussed above and the Universal
Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 1997
are both resolutions passed in the General Assembly. They
have no immediate binding effect. They play a signiﬁ cant
role in the formation of customary international law. There
are many different forms of law making in international
law and although an international convention or a
treaty is a source of binding rules, the importance of
other methods of formation of international law cannot
In the formation of the modern law of nations, peace treaties played a
pivotal role.Many basic principles and rules that governed and still govern
the relations between states were introduced and elaborated in the great
peace treaties from the Renaissance onwards. Nevertheless, until recently
few scholars have studied these primary sources of the law of nations from
a juridical perspective.
"Clear, correct, and deep, this is a welcome addition to discussions of law and computing for anyone -- even lawyers!" -- Lawrence Lessig, Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and founder of the Stanford Center for Internet and Society
If you work in information technology, intellectual property is central to your job
Mental condition defences have been used in several high-profile and controversial criminal trials in recent years. indeed, mental abnormality is increasingly an important yet complex source of defence within the criminal trial process. The author offers a detailed critical analysis of those defences within the Criminal Law where the accused relies on some form of mental abnormality as a source of defence.
International law practitioners and scholars frequently encounter difficulties in “finding” the
factual elements and normative components that serve as the building blocks for the sources of
international law.While treaties as an authoritative source of international law present the fewest
problems, the same cannot be said of the other two sources. To determine the existence of a
customary rule of international law, for example, one must locate relevant state practice, and test
that practice against standards of uniformity, consistency, and the requirement of opinio juris.
Maize in Ghana is extensively traded. Miracle (1966)
estimated that in the mid-1960s, fully one-third of Ghana’s
maize crop was being marketed—at the time an unusually
high proportion for a subsistence crop in sub-Saharan
Africa. The proportion has increased over the years with
the rise of commercial farming. Today, at least half of the
national maize crop is believed to enter the market
(GGDP 1991; Alderman 1991).
Chapter 2 provides knowledge of the resolution of private disputes. After studying this chapter, you will know: Identify sources and types of law, identify the law that takes precedence when two types of laws conflict, differentiate criminal law from civil law, differentiate schools of jurisprudence, describe the role of precedent (stare decisis), explain major techniques of statutory interpretation.
Significant and sustained increases in semiconductor productivity, predicted
by Moore’s Law, has ushered a revolution in communications, computing, and
information management.1 This technological revolution is linked to a distinct
rise in the mid 1990s of the long-term growth trajectory of the United States.2
Indeed, U.S. productivity growth has accelerated in recent years, despite a series
of negative economic shocks.