The [NASA] Administrator, in consultation with other agencies with space science programs, shall enter into an ar-
rangement with the National Academies to assess impediments, including cost growth, to the successful conduct of
interagency cooperation on space science missions, to provide lessons learned and best practices, and to recommend
steps to help facilitate successful interagency collaborations on space science missions.
organizational and investment issues related to the national military space effort, the overall weight of effort that should be directed to space mission support, and the appropriate trade-offs between space and other mission needs in all mediums across service lines. Research in support of the study was completed in November 2002.
From John Glenn s mission to orbit Earth to the
International Space Station program, space food
research has met the challenge of providing food
that tastes good and travels well in space. To better understand
this process, we can look back through history.
Explorers have always had to face the problem of how to
carry enough food for their journeys. Whether those
explorers are onboard a sailing ship or on the Space
Shuttle, adequate storage space has been a problem.
Photograph* of Faith from space show no political boundaries, reminding us that national distinctions arc
man made. But the agencies responsible for those pictures, other missions to Earth orbit, and probes to deep space
are inevitably national or multinational. Each has its own set of constituencies, procedures, capabilities, and
The steps needed to define a successful space science mission are numerous. The science
drivers, the unique advantages this mission provides over past missions or earth-based
experiments, and the payload that it includes are the key factors to guarantee its success.
Finding the required information on such topics is not so straightforward, especially as
they are usually outside the scope of undergraduate courses. The 2003 Canary Islands
Winter School of Astrophysics aimed at providing a focused framework that helps fill this
This report was originally released in December 2004 in prepublication form
as the first report of a two-phase study to be carried out by the same committee.
The first phase was sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA) and focused on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
(TRMM). The second phase was sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration and focused on the Global Precipitation Measurement
mission. The report of the second phase will be published in a separate volume
In 2003, the National Research Council (NRC) published the first decadal strategy for solar and
space physics: The Sun to the Earth—and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy in Solar and Space
Physics.1 That report included a recommended suite of NASA missions that were ordered by priority,
presented in an appropriate sequence, and selected to fit within the expected resource profile for the next
Manpower end-strength reductions of active duty personnel in the U.S. Air Force are making it more difficult to support the air and space expeditionary force construct using current force employment practices. The Air National Guard (ANG), however, will not undergo significant manpower reductions but will be affected by plans
Today’s industrial products, and many public sponsored projects,
show a strong increase in functionality and complexity. Think of automobiles,
mobile phones, personal computers, airplanes, or a space
mission. To ensure success and cope with inherent risks of modern
products, project management and systems engineering have become
indispensable skills for forward-looking enterprises.
This book consists of a selection of original papers of the leading scientists in the fields of Space and Planetary Physics, Solar and Space Plasma Physics with important contributions to the theory, modeling and experimental techniques of the solar wind exploration.
Mutual funds are one of the several options
that investors explore for investing surplus
funds. In a deposit-dominated market like
India it is important for mutual funds to
be able to offer differentiated risk-rewards
and gain shelf-space. With many seemingly
similar offerings from multiple mutual
funds unable to clearly communicate their
superiority, a less informed investor may find
it difficult to make a choice. This uncertainty
leads to a weakened ‘pull’ for the product.
The successful accomplishment of a space mission is dependent on proper and reliable functioning of the power system of the spacecraft in orbit. The stringent demands on performance including weight, volume, reliability, durability, and cost make the design of the spacecraft power system a challenging exercise. Further, since a space mission is inherently expensive, the necessity of optimization and built-in reliability becomes a rule rather than an exception for all the onboard systems.
The total rebuilding of Pier A in 1995 and the construction
of a link to Terminal 1 in 1998 was designed by the architect firm
Holm & Grut A/S. The most characteristic feature of the pier is its
modern version of fan vaulting supporting the aluminium wing
structures that make up the roof. These curved roofs and the glass
facades form reflecting surfaces that create the space and light
that is the hallmark of Nordic architecture. Holm & Grut wanted to
create a building that would give arriving passengers an immediate
experience of Scandinavian design.
NASA’s exploration of planets and satellites over the past 50 years has led to the discovery of
water ice throughout the solar system and prospects for large liquid water reservoirs beneath the frozen
shells of icy bodies in the outer solar system. These putative subsurface oceans could provide an
environment for prebiotic chemistry or a habitat for indigenous life.
Advances in the capabilities of technologies applicable to
distributed networking, telecommunications, multi-user
computer applications, and interactive virtual reality are
creating opportunities for users in the same or separate locations
to engage in interdependent, cooperative activities
using a common computer-based environment.
As set out in the relevant Decree, the mission of the Finnish Higher
Education Evaluation Council (FINHEEC) is to assist Finnish universities
and universities of applied sciences as well as the Ministry of Education and
Culture in matters relating to the evaluation of higher education institutions
(HEIs). FINHEEC supports HEIs and their international competitiveness
through evaluations, and by supporting quality work and disseminating good
This book deals with topics in atomic and molecular structure and
dynamics that are important to astronomy. Indeed, the topics selected
are of central interest to the field of astronomy, many having been initiated
by the needs of understanding worlds other than ours. Except
for some lunar surface material returned by the Apollo missions, and
material naturally delivered to us by cosmic rays, comets, and meteors,
our only access to the other worlds of our astronomical Universe is
through our observations of electromagnetic radiation from them.
In response to a request from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National
Research Council (NRC) established the Committee on Principal-Investigator-Led Missions in the Space
Sciences in the summer of 2004 to conduct a study of Principal-Investigator (PI)-led missions in the space
sciences. (Appendix A includes brief biographies of the committee members and staff.
In January 2004, President George W. Bush announced new elements of the national space policy by issuing
the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE). The new policy set out goals for NASA, including that of exploring the
“solar system and beyond” with human and robotic missions—specifically, to “extend human presence across the
solar system, starting with a human return to the Moon by the year 2020.” In the year that followed, NASA created
the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) as the primary agent for the development of the exploration
Generating electricity from a heat source using no
moving mechanical parts is the ultimate goal of the
Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s thermionics program.
However, developing thermionic energy conversion
devices has proven difficult, although much
progress has been made. In spite of initial success during
the late 1960s and intermittent funding since that
time, for a variety of reasons no thermionic system has
yet been developed in the United States that can be
used today on Earth or in space.