This book is not comprehensive: covering the complete spectrum of topics in environmental physics would require a monumental work and most readers would have little appreciation for the more specialized top-ics. Many books or review papers on specific topics exist and they some-times include exercises, but they are often too detailed for the purpose of a general course in environmental physics.
The contents of this book are based loosely on presentations at a special symposium,
“Application of Interface Science to Environmental Pollution Control,”
held as part of the ACS National Meeting in Chicago, August 26–30, 2001. This
symposium offered an opportunity for researchers from a range of disciplines to
discuss the role of interface science in environmental remediation. The development
of an archival book based on this meeting is a timely contribution to a
burgeoning area of research that is now attracting the attention of a diverse research
The term environment broadly indicates the surroundings of an individual
organism or a community of organisms, ranging on up to the entire biosphere,
the zone of Earth that is able to sustain life. By surroundings is meant all the
nonliving and living materials that play any role in an organism's existence,
from soil and air to what the organism feeds on and the organisms that may
feed on it. Any other factors acting on the organism, such as heat and light and
gravitation, make up its environment as well. In the case of human beings,
cultural factors may also be included in the term....
My interest in environmental pollution control microbiology began at MIT in
1948 when I realized that very little was known about this vital area of sanitary
engineering technology. I became a serious student of environmental pollution
control microbiology in 1950 when I began research on the microbiology and
the biochemistry of floe-forming bacteria in activated sludge. I must admit that
environmental pollution control microbiology has been my area of technical
specialization since 1950. It has been a most interesting experience that I have
READING The term environment broadly indicates the surroundings of an individual organism or a community of organisms, ranging on up to the entire biosphere, the zone of Earth that is able to sustain life. By surroundings is meant all the nonliving and living materials that play any role in an organism's existence, from soil and air to what the organism feeds on and the organisms that may feed on it.
This book is intended to introduce environmental scientists and
managers to the statistical methods that will be useful for them in their
work. A secondary aim was to produce a text suitable for a course in
statistics for graduate students in the environmental science area. I
wrote the book because it seemed to me that these groups should
really learn about statistical methods in a special way. It is true that
their needs are similar in many respects to those working in other
Growing numbers of governments and peoples around the world are now convinced
that if nothing is done, we will adversely and irreversibly affect the earth’s climate
to our own detriment. Yet even as global concern has risen, the prospect of an
effective collective response is not guaranteed.
This addition to the new edition of the book should be of special help to users
searching for British equivalents of particular American words and phrases. The
American equivalents given in the main, A–Z section of the book are listed alpha-
betically in the Index, together with the equivalent Briticisms, which the reader
will find treated in full in the main section.
Ecological issues and environmental problems have become exceedingly complex. Today,
it is hubris to suppose that any single discipline can provide all the solutions for protecting
and restoring ecological integrity. We have entered an age where professional humility is
the only operational means for approaching environmental understanding and prediction.
Approximately 50% of all nursing home residents, and 42% of residents living in assisted living programs have some form of dementia (Alzheimer Association 2007). It is strongly suggested that there be special training programs set up to inform the first responders as to specific needs, as well as specific actions, that should and should not be used with these citizens. The University of New Mexico has published a guide (Center for Development and Disability 2007) that addresses many of these issues in an easily used, bullet-point format to and provide specific guidance.
This book is on trade in Climate Smart Goods and Other Specialized Products of Ecuador. The interest in
the subject of Trade in Climate Smart Goods was fuelled by Ecuador’s positive trade balance with the rest of the Andean
Community and MERCOSUR region in 2010. This may be a reflection of Ecuador’s maturity in dealing with environmental
issues since the early 1980s.The study is also able to identify some specialized industries and identify markets for the two
digit and 6 digit industries for Ecuador using RCA and Export Specialization indices...
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental
organisation in which representatives of 30 industrialised countries in North America, Europe and the
Pacific, as well as the European Commission, meet to co-ordinate and harmonize policies, discuss
issues of mutual concern, and work together to respond to international problems. Most of the
OECD’s work is carried out by more than 200 specialised Committees and subsidiary groups
composed of Member country delegates.
Third, the effects of trade are not considered in the theory. According to the
Hecksher-Ohlin trade theory, under free trade countries would tend to specialize on economic
activities that the country has abundant resource on. Thus, developed countries would
concentrate on labor and service production while developing countries would put emphasis
on human capital and manufactured capital-intensive activities. As such, this might explain
for the further degradation of environment of the latter, while improvement for the former.
International attention to governance of human cloning
began in earnest in August 2001 in the UN General
Assembly, when under rule 14 of the rules of procedure
of the General Assembly, the Permanent Missions of
France and Germany requested the Secretary-General
to include a supplementary item in the agenda of the
ﬁ fty-sixth session entitled ‘International convention
against the reproductive cloning of human beings’.
In the explanatory memorandum, they recalled Art.
Pollution prevention. IPPC presumes the use of preventative techniques before any
consideration of end-of-pipe control techniques. Many pollution prevention techniques can be
applied to LVOC processes and Section 5.2 describes them in terms of source reduction
(preventing waste arisings by modifications to products, input materials, equipment and
procedures), recycling and waste minimisation initiatives.
Air pollutant control.
Diagnostic nuclear medicine began more than 50 years
ago and has evolved into a major medical specialty. Its
practitioners use low activity levels of radioactive
materials in a safe way to gain information about
health and disease. Small amounts of radioactive
materials, known as radiopharmaceuticals, are intro-
duced into the body by injection, swallowing, or
inhalation. Different radiopharmaceuticals are used to
study different parts of the body. These agents emit
photons that can be detected externally by special
Organic carbon concentrations can be reduced by enhanced coagulation, granular activated carbon or membrane filtration, but this fact can also lead to increased in brominated THMs (Black et al, 1996.). A combination of coagulation, ozonation, and biofiltration can effectively reduce trihalomethane and haloacetic acid formation
potential (Chaiket et al, 2002.). Natural organic matter (NOM), the main precursor of DBPs, can also be removed by media filters coated with iron oxide
Integrating ecotoxicological concepts across a range of hierarchical levels, Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatmentfocuses on the paradigms and fundamental themes of ecotoxicology while providing the detail and practical application of concepts often found in more specialized books.
I am enormously grateful to all of authors who have contributed to this volume on gas–
liquid foam. One of the great pleasures of working with such accomplished scientists and
engineers from industry and academia is that everybody has known the level at which to
pitch their contributions.
Special thanks are due to Laurie Schramm who, along with co-authors, has contributed
two chapters on foams in enhanced oil recovery and flotation of oil sands, and to Thomas
Martin who endured initial confusion upon my part to produce a first class chapter on firefighting
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this book are entirely those of the authors
and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to
members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does
not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for
any consequence of their use.