There are generally two reasons someone is attacked
You are specifically targeted
Company with money
Company with secrets
Hard to stop..
You are a target of opportunity
Low hanging fruit
Most common, make yourself less easy
IP Address Scans
scan the range of addresses looking for hosts (ping scan)
scan promising ports for openness (80, 21, …)
determine the OS
pick the most vulnerable host, most running services...
Automated password attacks
FTP, HTTP, NetBIOS, VNC PCAnywhere….
Application specific attacks
try known vulnerabilities on present services
"The Banking and Finance Sector accounts for more than 8 percent of the U.S. annual gross domestic product and is the backbone for the world economy. As direct attacks and public statements by terrorist organizations demonstrate, the sector is a high-value and symbolic target. Additionally, large-scale power outages, recent natural disasters, and a possible flu pandemic demonstrate the wide range of potential threats facing the sector.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this book is complete and
accurate. However, the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional advice or services to the
individual reader. The ideas, procedures and suggestions contained in this book are general and not
intended as a substitute for consulting a relevant specialist in individual cases. The publisher would in
any event always advise the reader to consult his or her doctor or other health professional for specific
information on personal health matters.
Check Point IPS is an Intrusion Prevention System (IPS). Whereas the Security Gateway firewall lets you
block traffic based on source, destination and port information, IPS adds another line of defense by
analyzing traffic contents to check if it is a risk to your network. IPS protects both clients and servers, and
lets you control the network usage of certain applications. The new, hybrid IPS detection engine provides
multiple defense layers which allows it excellent detection and prevention capabilities of known threats, and
in many cases future attacks as well.
Active in the area attacked by a large. The last chapter presents a simulation study
collective behavior in disaster.
I would like to express my special thanks to Mr. Igor Babic, Ivana Lorkovic her, and she
Ivana ZEC. Last but not least, I want to thank the entire staff of Intech - Open
Access Publishing, especially Mr. Igor Babic, professional support and technical
support in all steps of the process that led to the realization of this book.
We now begin our look at building protocols using the basic tools that we have discussed.
The discussion in this lecture will focus on issues of key establishment and the associated notion of authentication
These protocols are not real, but instead are meant to serve just as a high-level survey
Later lectures will go into specific protocols and will uncover practical challenges faced when implementing these protocols
This article will discuss the interweaving of that erotic pleasure in film, its meaning,
and in particular the central place of the image of woman. It is said that analysing
pleasure, or beauty, destroys it. That is the intention of this article. The satisfaction
and reinforcement of the ego that represent the high point of film history hitherto
must be attacked. Not in favour of a reconstructed new pleasure, which cannot exist
in the abstract, nor of intellectualised unpleasure, but to make way for a total
negation of the ease and plenitude of the narrative fiction film.
From stem cell research to intelligent design to global warming, political conflict over science is heating up.
In his 2005 bestseller, The Republican War on Science, journalist Chris Mooney made the case that, again and again, even overwhelming scientific consensus has met immovable political obstacles. And, again and again, those obstacles have arisen on the right—from the Bush administration, from coalitions of Republicans and from individually powerful Republicans.
A computer virus is a piece of code hiding in a program that can automatically copy itself or embed a mutation of itself in other programs
Cannot spread on their own
Often require a host program to live in
Infected program: a host program with virus
Uninfected program (healthy program): a program cleared of all viruses
Disinfected program: a program once infected but now cleared of viruses
particular types of file systems, file formats, and operating systems
Particular types of architecture, CPU, languages, macros, scripts, debuggers, and every other form of programming or syst...
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the American colonies, from Massachusetts to South Carolina,
were at intervals subject to visitations of pirates, who were wont to appear suddenly upon the coasts, to pillage
a settlement or attack trading vessels and as suddenly to take flight to their strongholds. Captain Kidd was
long celebrated in prose and verse, and only within a few years have credulous people ceased to seek his
Remove trim, bumpers etc as required. It can make the job easier in some cases if the bulk of the old panel is
cut off first with a sharp chisel, leaving the welded areas much more accessible. Make a quick note of where
and how it’s welded, so that the new panel can be welded in the same places. (Note: some wings may be
welded on to raised mounts, making weld position important!) Now each spot weld needs to be located and
cleanly removed. Purpose-made spotweld drills are available for this, which work on the basic principle of...
Intrusion detection systems and vulnerability scanners provide an additional layer of network security.While ﬁrewalls permit
or deny trafﬁc based on source, destination, port, or other criteria, they do not actually analyze trafﬁc for attacks or search
the network for existing vulnerabilities. In addition, ﬁrewalls typically do not address the internal threat presented by
On 5 August 1981, for reasons then given, this Court ordered that these proceedings be removed as a whole from the High Court to this Court for hearing and determination. They are proceedings, brought by way of application for judicial review, in which certain parts of the report of the Royal Commission on the Mount Erebus aircraft disaster are attacked. In summary the applicants claim that these parts are contrary to law, in excess of jurisdiction and in breach of natural justice.
.One of the reasons for ordering the removal was that it was important that the complaints be finally...
Security Service – a service provided by a protocol layer of communicating open systems, which ensures adequate security of the systems or of data transfers
RFC 2828 – a processing or communication service that is provided by a system to give a specific kind of protection to system resources; security services implement security policies and are implemented bt security mechanisms.
cacls /T /E /G administrator:F d:\users\*.*
Cacls will add Full Control for the adminsitrator account all files and subfolders in the Users folder of the D:\ drive.
cacls /T /E /R Everyone d:\users
Cacls will remove all permissions for the 'Everyone' group in all files and subfolders in the Users folder of the D:\ drive.
Be sure to use the /E switch when you are just making modifications to a specific account or group. Without the /E switch, your settings will replace the current security with only what is specified.
Since 2005, there have been significant changes in the threat landscape. Fraudsters
have continued to develop and deploy more sophisticated, effective, and malicious
methods to compromise authentication mechanisms and gain unauthorized access
to customers’ online accounts. Rapidly growing organized criminal groups have
become more specialized in financial fraud and have been successful in
compromising an increasing array of controls.
The following areas are of interest to the computer
auditor in considering IT infrastructure, although the
amount of work required under each heading will
vary. For example, a physical security review of a
purpose built computer centre housing a large IBM
mainframe computer may require a specific audit of
several weeks duration. A review of the physical
security aspects of a user based PC, however, may
only, require a few hours work and could be
incorporated into a larger scope audit.
In this paper, we show that such seemingly minor
information leaks can have more serious consequences
than the system designer thought. We present a new at-
tack in which a malicious user can eavesdrop on others’
keystrokes using nothing but her non-privileged account.
Our attack takes advantage of the information disclosed
by procfs , the process ﬁle system supported by most
Unix-like operating systems such as Linux, BSD, Solaris
and IBM AIX.
The fortress of Louisbourg arose not from victory but from defeat; not from military strength but from naval
weakness; not from a new, adventurous spirit of attack, but from a half-despairing hope of keeping one last
foothold by the sea. It was not begun till after the fortunes of Louis XIV had reached their lowest ebb at the
Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. It lived a precarious life of only forty years, from 1720 to 1760. And nothing but
bare ruins were left to mark its grave when it finally passed, unheeded and unnamed, into the vast dominions
of the conquering British at the Peace...