Specifications for list adt

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  • Linear List Concepts List ADT Specifications for List ADT Implementations of List ADT Contiguous List Singly Linked List Other Linked Lists Comparison of Implementations of List Linear List Concepts DEFINITION: Linear List is a data structure where each element of it has a unique successor. element 1 element 2 element 3 .Linear List Concepts (cont.) .Linear List Concepts (cont.) General list: • No restrictions on which operation can be used on the list • No restrictions on where data can be inserted/deleted.

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  • Contiguous Stack Applications of Stack .Linear List Concepts LIFO (Stack) .Stack ADT DEFINITION: A Stack of elements of type T is a finite sequence of elements of T, in which all insertions and deletions are restricted to one end, called the top. Stack is a Last In - First Out (LIFO) data structure. Basic operations: • Construct a stack, leaving it empty. • Push an element. • Pop an element. • Top an element.

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  • Linear List Concepts FIFO (Queue) .Queue - FIFO data structure • Queues are one of the most common of all data-processing structures. • Queues are used where someone must wait one's turn before having access to something. • Queues are used in every operating system and network: processing system services and resource supply: printer, disk storage, use of the CPU,... • Queues are used in business online applications: processing customer requests, jobs, and orders. .

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  • Reversing data items Ex.: Reverse a list. Convert Decimal to Binary. Brackets Parse. Infix to Postfix Transformation. Evaluate a Postfix Expression. Parsing Ex.: Ex.: Postponement of processing data items Backtracking Ex.: Goal Seeking Problem. Knight’s Tour. Exiting a Maze. Eight Queens Problem. .Reverse a list PROBLEM: Read n numbers, print the list in reverse order. Algorithm ReverseList Pre User supplies numbers. Post The numbers are printed in reverse order. Uses Stack ADT. 1. loop (stack is not full and there is more number) 1. read a number 2.

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