Xem 1-20 trên 430 kết quả Standard model
  • This book is about how to construct and use computational models of specific parts of the nervous system, such as a neuron, a part of a neuron or a network of neurons. It is designed to be read by people from a wide range of backgrounds from the biological, physical and computational sciences. The word ‘model’ can mean different things in different disciplines, and even researchers in the same field may disagree on the nuances of its meaning.

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  • It is well known that occurrence counts of words in documents are often modeled poorly by standard distributions like the binomial or Poisson. Observed counts vary more than simple models predict, prompting the use of overdispersed models like Gamma-Poisson or Beta-binomial mixtures as robust alternatives. Another deficiency of standard models is due to the fact that most words never occur in a given document, resulting in large amounts of zero counts. We propose using zeroinflated models for dealing with this, and evaluate competing models on a Naive Bayes text classification task.

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  • The Committee believes that a successful implementation of the revised Framework will provide banks and supervisors with critical experience necessary to address such challenges. The Committee understands that the IRB approach represents a point on the continuum between purely regulatory measures of credit risk and an approach that builds more fully on internal credit risk models. In principle, further movements along that continuum are foreseeable, subject to an ability to address adequately concerns about reliability, comparability, validation, and competitive equity.......

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  • This book is intended to be a complete and useful reference to the Unified Model- ing Language (UML) for the developer, architect, project manager, system engi- neer, programmer, analyst, contracting officer, customer, and anyone else who needs to specify, design, build, or understand complex software systems. It pro- vides a full reference to the concepts and constructs of UML, including their se- mantics, syntax, notation, and purpose. It is organized to be a convenient but thorough reference for the working professional developer.

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  • Since it’s standardization by the OMG (Object Management Group) in November 1997, the Unified Modeling Language (UML) has had a tremendous impact on how software systems are developed. The role of modeling in specifying and documenting complex software systems is being accepted, and an industrial approach to software engineering is on its way to becoming reality.

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  • ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS MANAGEMENT'S PREPERENCES FOR ACOUNTING STANDARDS The model stacks the deck, however, by holding the distribution of effectiveness fixed. If school administrators respond to incentives, effectiveness sorting will also induce higher effort and greater effectiveness. This will tend to raise scores for everyone, and the productivity benefits may offset the allocative costs that Tiebout choice imposes on poor students.34

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  • Modern embedded systems come with contradictory design constraints. On one hand, these systems often target mass production and battery-based devices, and therefore should be cheap and power efficient. On the other hand, they still need to show high (sometimes real-time) performance, and often support multiple applications and standards which requires high programmability.

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  • Chris Adcock is Professor of Financial Econometrics in the University of Sheffield. His career includes several years working in quantitative investment management in the City and, prior to that, a decade in management science consultancy. His research interests are in the development of robust and non-standard methods for modelling expected returns, portfolio selection methods and the properties of optimized portfolios. He has acted as an advisor to a number of asset management firms. He is the founding editor of the European Journal of Finance. George A.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'standard handbook of engineering calculationssection 1civil engineering', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The purpose of this book, entitled Face Analysis, Modeling and Recognition Systems is to provide a concise and comprehensive coverage of artificial face recognition domain across four major areas of interest: biometrics, robotics, image databases and cognitive models. Our book aims to provide the reader with current state-of-the-art in these domains. The book is composed of 12 chapters which are grouped in four sections.

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  • This book demonstrates applications and case studies performed by experts for professionals and students in the field of technology, engineering, materials, decision making management and other industries in which mathematical modelling plays a role. Each chapter discusses an example and these are ranging from well-known standards to novelty applications. Models are developed and analysed in details, authors carefully consider the procedure for constructing a mathematical replacement of phenomenon under consideration. ...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'marks’ standard handbook for mechanical engineers', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Interest in particle physics continues apace. With the Large Hadron Collider showing early tantalizing glimpses of what may yet prove to be the elusive Higgs Boson, particle physics remains a fertile ground for creative theorists. While the Standard model of particle physics remains hugely successful, nevertheless it is still not fully regarded as a complete holistic description.

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  • The Committee believes that a successful implementation of the revised Framework will provide banks and supervisors with critical experience necessary to address such challenges. The Committee understands that the IRB approach represents a point on the continuum between purely regulatory measures of credit risk and an approach that builds more fully on internal credit risk models. In principle, further movements along that continuum are foreseeable, subject to an ability to address adequately concerns about reliability, comparability, validation, and competitive equity....

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  • Communication Architecture Strategy for connecting host computers and other communicating equipment. Defines necessary elements for data communication between devices. A communication architecture, therefore, defines a standard for the communicating hosts. A programmer formats data in a manner defined by the communication architecture and passes it on to the communication software. Separating communication functions adds flexibility, for example, we do not need to modify the entire host software to include more communication devices....

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  • This paper discusses a decision-tree approach to the problem of assigning probabilities to words following a given text. In contrast with previous decision-tree language model attempts, an algorithm for selecting nearly optimal questions is considered. The model is to be tested on a standard task, The Wall Street Journal, allowing a fair comparison with the well-known trigram model.

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  • The twentieth century elevated our understanding of the Universe from its early stages to what it is today and what is to become of it. Cosmology is the weapon that utilizes all the scientific tools that we have created to feel less lost in the immensity of our Universe. The standard model is the theory that explains the best what we observe. Even with all the successes that this theory had, two main questions are still to be answered: What is the nature of dark matter and dark energy? This book attempts to understand these questions while giving some of...

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  • The standard economic model assumes that the consumer makes a plan for consumption over time, aiming to satisfy a single set of dynamically consistent preferences, and then sticks to this plan, unless new information arrives. This framework is tractable, and intuitive in the sense that it captures the deliberative side of human decision-making. An alternative framework has recently gained the attention of economists, however, in which the consumer’s ability to adhere to a plan for consumption depends on the outcome of an internal struggle.

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  • This paper tests whether self-control problems are relevant in real market settings. This is important because much of the empirical support for the self-control problem framework comes from laboratory experiments (see Fredrickson, Loewenstein and O’Donghue, 2004; Thaler, 1999). Departures from the standard model could disappear in real market settings, due to higher incentives, greater opportunities for learning, or differences between the population of subjects typically used in experiments and the general population (see List, 2003, for a discussion of these points).

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  • In this paper, with a belief that a language model that embraces a larger context provides better prediction ability, we present two extensions to standard n-gram language models in statistical machine translation: a backward language model that augments the conventional forward language model, and a mutual information trigger model which captures long-distance dependencies that go beyond the scope of standard n-gram language models.

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