State banks

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  • List of base interest rate of state bank of Vietnam liệt kê danh sách lãi suất cơ bản của Ngân hàng nhà nước Việt Nam. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo để biết thêm các thông tin chi tiết.

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  • I n this volume, Murray Rothbard has given us a comprehen- sive history of money and banking in the United States, from colonial times to World War II, the first to explicitly use the interpretive framework of Austrian monetary theory. But even aside from the explicitly Austrian theoretical framework under- girding the historical narrative, this book does not “look” or “feel” like standard economic histories as they have been writ- ten during the past quarter of a century, under the influence of the positivistic “new economic history” or “cliometrics.”...

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  • Designed mainly for class room use in connection with one of the introductory manuals on the subject of Money and Banking or of Money and Currency, this volume, in itself, lays no claim to completeness. Where its use is contemplated the problems of emphasis and proportion are, accordingly, to be solved by the selection of one or another of the available texts, or by the choice of supplementary lecture topics and materials.

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  • As the financial system in most emerging economies is centred on banks, an important aspect of the development of bond markets is the impact on the banking system. One frequently heard worry is that bond markets could take business away from the banks. This raises some potential concerns for bank supervisors. On the other hand, if it means firms are less vulnerable to weaknesses in the banking system, corporate bond issuance can help central banks achieve steady economic growth.

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  • Overall, our analysis can be understood as one of the first cross-country empirical studies on the determinants of bank fees and as a contribution to the literature testing the contradictory empirical predictions of the SCP and ES hypotheses regarding the influence of concentration on prices in the banking industry.

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  • One motivation that was lacking in the United States was the need to help finance the national government. 7 In fact, the absence of a sizable outstanding national debt posed a problem in designing a system that would not compete with commercial bank lending activities. Sensitivity was high, as well, to the possibility that a nationwide postal bank might drain funds from local to big-city financial markets.

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  • Savings banks are a legacy of pre-independence times. In most countries, they predated commercial banks in laying the groundwork for a modern banking system. In those days, they were established to encourage the monetisation of local economies by mobilising indigenous savings in the form of deposits. However, the model of postal savings banks was preferred to that of ordinary savings banks that have the same philosophy.

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  • The different views presented in the previous section suggest different aspects of how the SGP could affect capital market expectations about future developments, and hence prices for fixed government securities. If a strict interpretation of the SGP reduces budgetary flexibility and short-term growth prospects, it might lead to lower short or medium term interest rates. Conversely, if the central bank considers any breach or lax implementation of the Pact as an indication of an unduly expansionary fiscal policy leading to higher inflation, it could foreclose a monetary easing.

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  • Research will focus on the basic theory in terms of liquidity management of the central bank, the status of liquidity to execute the monetary policy of the central bank by forecasting method from currency balance sheet and propose management solution on liquidity of the central bank monetary policy.

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  • Private non commercial arrangements, such as mutuals, go back a few hundreds of years, or more, in several OECD countries, pre-dating many public health coverage or social insurance programmes. Many of the countries where private health insurance has a prominent role – for example, the United States, Australia, Ireland, the Netherlands, France – have some tradition of private financing and private provision of health services.

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  • The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Use of the term “country” does not imply any judgment by the authors or ADB as to the legal or

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  • The government liability nominal yield curves are derived from UK gilt prices and General Collateral (GC) repo rates. The real yield curves are derived from UK index-linked bond prices (section 1 below describes these instruments). By appealing to the Fisher relationship, the implied inflation term structure is calculated as the difference of instantaneous nominal forward rates and instantaneous real forward real rates (section 2 makes clear exactly what these terms mean).

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  • Until the early 1980s, banking was largely a local business, reflecting the limits placed by the states on intra- and interstate branching. At year-end 1977, 20 states allowed statewide branching, and the remaining 30 states placed limits on intrastate branching.17 However, as the benefits of geo- graphic diversification became better understood, many states began to lift the legal constraints on branching. By mid-1986, 26 states allowed statewide branch banking, while only 9 restricted banks to a unit banking business. By 2002, only 4 states placed any limits on branching.

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  • Good availability of bank credit and informal capital can partially but not fully substitute for underdeveloped equity markets. New Zealand’s banking sector has been growing since 1990 in line with growth in Australia and Denmark. Informal capital markets are also larger than in most OECD countries relative to GDP. International Linkages While New Zealand’s economy has low formal barriers to trade, its share of external trade (relative to GDP) is well below that of similar-sized, high-performing OECD countries.

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  • I came to view the process by which a central bank manages the interbank rate in a different light a few years ago in a paper on the zero bound on interest rate policy. 8 Obviously, at the zero bound it is no longer possible for a central bank to operate on the interest opportunity cost spread. The spread is zero. Nevertheless, a central bank still may be said to manage the interbank rate when it is zero. Thus, something other than open market operations and the interest opportunity cost spread must matter for the implementation of interest rate policy. Irving...

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  • Within the Latin American context, worker remittances are becoming increasingly relevant to the economies of many countries. In 2003, Lat in America received more than $38 billion in remittances from Canada, Europe, Japan, Latin America itself and the United States. The table 4 shows the total remittances sent to selected countries in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2003. The table also shows remittances as a percentage of GDP and exports.

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  • This report is intended to provide stakeholders — clients, customers, non-governmental organizations (NGO’s), associates and all those concerned about global climate change — with an update on our progress toward our goals and commitments. We view it as a bridge between our most recent Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) report, published in 2009, which includes environmental initiatives from 2007 and 2008, and a comprehensive Bank of America corporate social responsibility report planned for 2011, which will also adhere to the GRI reporting framework.

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  • Liquidity management: A more centralized (branch) model would allow global banks with wholesale operations to manage liquidity more efficiently at the group level, allowing them to transfer liquidity where it is most needed (in normal times, as well as at times of stress, absent barriers placed on transferring funds across jurisdictions in excess of the regulatory requirements).

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  • Given these diverse viewpoints, understandably, the assessment of individual events was also different among investment banks. One bank considered the struggle about the early warning to Germany and Portugal in February, and the Council’s decision not to issue such a warning was considered a lost opportunity to enforce the Stability and Growth Pact as the existing procedure of fiscal co-ordination among European countries. 7 Conversely another bank argued “no warning, no problem,” since the two countries confirmed their commitment to their fiscal target.

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  • On the basis of the results of the plenary presentations and discussions, of the contents of the two new studies by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank, and of the ten specific papers commissioned for the workshop, the following understanding of the main achievements and weaknesses encountered by social funds over their first ten years of imple- mentation (1986–96) was summarized.

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