Xem 1-20 trên 151 kết quả State flexibility
  • this report showcases smart marketing strategies from clean energy programs and solar marketers from across the country that address how to overcome the barriers faced by solar technology markets and serves as a guide for states in pursuing their own market planning process. While there has been a major increase in solar photovoltaic (pV) installations in recent years, the total amount of solar power installed nonetheless represents less than 0.1% of u.s. energy production.

    pdf132p lenh_hoi_xung 21-02-2013 25 6   Download

  • The presence of the financial safety net can affect the behaviour of bank stock prices. Explicit provisions such as deposit insurance and the access to liquidity facilities by the central bank, as well as the perceived availability of state support in times of distress, can affect market discipline by numbing creditors’ sensitivity to risk-taking by banks.

    pdf29p quaivattim 04-12-2012 29 4   Download

  • This section provides greater detail on green power sold in competitive (or restructured) electricity markets as well as in the form of RECs—subsets of the entire green power market. About one-quarter of U.S. states have restructured their electricity markets for retail service competition. Currently, electricity consumers in the following states can purchase competitively marketed green power: Connecticut, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, and the District of Columbia.

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  • In this paper we present the RWTH FSA toolkit – an efficient implementation of algorithms for creating and manipulating weighted finite-state automata. The toolkit has been designed using the principle of on-demand computation and offers a large range of widely used algorithms. To prove the superior efficiency of the toolkit, we compare the implementation to that of other publically available toolkits. We also show that on-demand computations help to reduce memory requirements significantly without any loss in speed. ...

    pdf8p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 11 1   Download

  • Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) have attracted enormous attention in the recent years because of their potential for flat panel displays and solid state lighting. This potential lies in the amazing flexibility offered by the synthesis of new organic compounds and by low-cost fabrication techniques, making these devices very promising for the market.

    pdf232p cucdai_1 22-10-2012 40 12   Download

  • The current paper examines the journal entries and class discussions of 12 pre-service teachers who were enrolled on a writing methods course that I have been teaching as part of an ESL teacher preparation program for the last 5 years. Students take this three credit course as an elective toward a master’s program in Instructional Systems Development with concentration on ESL/Bilingual Education. The program consists of 36 hours on ESL methodologies, cross-cultural communication, second language acquisition, assessment and evaluation and instructional systems design.

    pdf16p commentcmnr 03-06-2013 25 10   Download

  • Though there may be some controversy about the relative importance of financial incentives in explaining trends in retirement in the U.S., the larger part of the European studies appear to more conclusive 1 . Most European studies point at strong incentive effects from Social Security and Early Retirement schemes. This may be due to the strong disincentive effects that characterise most of these European systems....

    pdf23p taisaokhongthedung 01-01-2013 30 9   Download

  • Then work backwards on the overall margins to see what the range will need to be for your product to be competitive in the end market and pay for all the value chain functions between you and the consumer. Price margin examples have been provided for handicraft items, but note that other product lines – food, personal care products, etc. many have different margins. Shipping and warehouse costs tend to be consistent across products, since space is space for these functions. The exception is when climate controlled (e.g.

    pdf72p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 21 7   Download

  • States from 1991 onwards. Using these monthly data, we document a statisti- cally significant smart money effect in the United States whose magnitude is comparable to that of the United Kingdom. However, even at the quarterly data frequency, the post-1990 period is suggestive of the presence of smart money in the United States (whereas the 1970 to 1990 period is not). These conclusions hold irrespective of whether the momentum factor is taken into consideration. Thus, Sapp and Tiwari’s results are due to the weight they put on the pre-1991 period, and to their use of quarterly data.

    pdf48p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 39 7   Download

  • While the prevalence of malnutrition in the free-living elderly population is relatively low, the risk of malnutrition increases dramatically in the institutionalized and hospitalized elderly. 1 The prevalence of malnutrition is even higher in cognitively impaired elderly individuals and is associated with cognitive decline. 2 Patients who are malnourished when admitted to the hospital tend to have longer hospital stays, experience more complications, and have greater risks of morbidity and mortality than those whose nutritional state is normal.

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  • Assuming that (1) new information will correct or improve the firm's prior beliefs and (2) the firm has the technical and regulatory flexibility to alter its decisions, we are ultimately concerned with the economic value of the changed decision. Given that the firm will "re- optimize" based on the new, better information, what is the value of that re-optimization? Assume that Chemical A's cost was found to be grossly underestimated and that the firm was able to identify a substitute input B whose true cost was substantially lower.

    pdf21p taisaovanchuavo 26-01-2013 21 6   Download

  • Alongside cohesion policy, the Connecting Europe Facility5 will be one of the EU's most obvious contributions to cutting through these obstacles by stimulating infrastructure. 2013 should see the facility up and running and key choices made on targeting. It should also see project bonds being rolled out to help harness private sector investment. This will go hand in hand with consolidating regulation.

    pdf0p lenh_hoi_xung 01-03-2013 22 6   Download

  • The total annual amount invested by Business Angels in Germany is estimated to be between EUR 100m and up to EUR 300m. 7 The amounts invested per individual investee company vary significantly. Often, amounts between EUR 50k and EUR 100k are mentioned as average, however, during the financial crisis these amounts went down significantly (see also text box 2 on the Business Angel Panel below).

    pdf20p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 20 6   Download

  • “One size fits all” is not appropriate for poverty reduction, because con- ditions are different and because governments’ abilities are different. FOSIS in Chile, a fund that was not supported in any major way by the IDB, is a central part of the government’s machinery for poverty allevia- tion and is extremely flexible. The fund concentrates on productive projects, supports substantial microcredit activities, and imparts sub- stantial training to communities.

    pdf7p thangbienthai 23-11-2012 15 5   Download

  • The fact that entrepreneurs may insulate workers’ earnings from shocks in the prod- uct market has long been recognised as an important determinant of the dynamics of wages. The rationale for such an insurance ultimately rests on the concept of implicit labour contracts originated by Azariadis (1975), Baily (1974) and Gordon (1974). A central empirical implication is that contract wages may entail implicit payments of insurance premiums by workers in favourable states of nature and the receipt of indemnities in unfavourable states....

    pdf49p quaivatxanh 30-11-2012 18 5   Download

  • Savings banks are a legacy of pre-independence times. In most countries, they predated commercial banks in laying the groundwork for a modern banking system. In those days, they were established to encourage the monetisation of local economies by mobilising indigenous savings in the form of deposits. However, the model of postal savings banks was preferred to that of ordinary savings banks that have the same philosophy.

    pdf20p machuavo 19-01-2013 27 5   Download

  • The relationship between ináation and interest rates has also been conÖrmed by numerous studies. We can summarise the results obtained in four points. The Örst is that in the long run, this relationship is nonlinear. For example, Evans and Lewis (1995) represent the ináation dynamics with a Markov process to take into account some episodic changes.

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  • The different views presented in the previous section suggest different aspects of how the SGP could affect capital market expectations about future developments, and hence prices for fixed government securities. If a strict interpretation of the SGP reduces budgetary flexibility and short-term growth prospects, it might lead to lower short or medium term interest rates. Conversely, if the central bank considers any breach or lax implementation of the Pact as an indication of an unduly expansionary fiscal policy leading to higher inflation, it could foreclose a monetary easing.

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  • Stone Crushers are primarily small scale industries mostly owned and operated by less educated individuals and are scattered all over the country. This sector primarily being an un-organized sector & has only local level (district/region level) associations. In the absence of any centralized National or State Level association, the source to get a list of stone crushers in the state was identified as the State Pollution Control Board.

    pdf142p lulanphuong 22-03-2012 34 4   Download

  • This volume contains three chapters written by distinguished scientists from Europe, South America, and Asia. When it comes to the chemistry and physics of carbon, as reflected by the authorship in this series since its inception 40 years ago, globalization (a popular term among today’s politicians and economists) has always been the rule rather than the exception or a recent trend. If anything, The New York Times editorial of May 7, 2004 is indeed correct in its conclusion that “the United States . . .

    pdf444p echbuon 02-11-2012 27 4   Download

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