Maintenance costs, as defined by normal plant accounting procedures, are
normally a major portion of the total operating costs in most plants. Traditional
maintenance costs (i.e., labor and material) in the United States have escalated at
a tremendous rate over the past 10 years. In 1981, domestic plants spent more
than $600 billion to maintain their critical plant systems. By 1991, the costs had
increase to more than $800 billion, and they were projected to top $1.2 trillion by
the year 2000.
This book addresses, in a simplistic manner, the proper principles and
techniques in “Best Maintenance Practices—Mechanical.”
If these principles and techniques are followed, they will result in a serious
reduction in “self-induced failures.” This book is a tool that should be carried
and referenced by all mechanical maintenance personnel.
A number of surveys conducted in industries throughout the United States
have found that 70% of equipment failures are self-induced.
This book is a labor of love. As the authors state, it is “a tale of two fathers.” The
father of Sylvia Karasu suffered from morbid obesity all of his life, together with
other risk factors for coronary heart disease, and lived to the age of 91. The father
of Byram Karasu, also morbidly obese, died at the age of 56. This tale of two fathers
is in the background of the volume as the authors seek to assess the many factors
that contribute to obesity and its control.
The Gravity of Weight is a model of scholarly inquiry that describes and analyzes,
in a critical manner,...
In recent years, the United States Air Force has found it necessary to perform a number of overseas deployments, many on short notice, in support of a wide range of crises. Toward this goal, the Air Force has begun to reorganize itself into an Expeditionary Aerospace Force that can quickly deploy from the continental United States to appropriate forward operating locations worldwide. This report evaluates the manner in which Jet Engine Intermediate Maintenance (JEIM) shops can best
During the past six years, the RAND Corporation has studied options for configuring an Agile Combat Support (ACS) system that would enable the Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) goals of rapid deployment, immediate employment, and uninterrupted sustainment from a force structure located primarily within the continental United States (CONUS). This report is one of a series that addresses ACS options;
Part of a larger RAND Project Air Force study on capability-based programming, this report introduces a revealed preference methodology to estimate the value to the United States Air Force of expediting F-15 fighter jet programmed depot maintenance (PDM). Such a valuation estimate would be useful in depot-level
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product names and/or logos are trademarks of their respective owners.
Although the fifth edition of this book has seen many author changes, our commitment
and direction was clearly stated by, Dr. Helen Cox, in the preface to the fourth edition. We
continue our commitment to providing a nursing focus to the process of nursing care.
The fifth edition reflects seventeen new and six revised diagnoses accepted by
NANDA in 2003 and 2005 and updated information in each chapter. The chapter formats
remain the same. We have revised the integration of NANDA, NIC, and NOC terminology
to assist with understanding their integration.
Recent disasters in the United States, especially Hurricane Katrina, have proven the inadequacy of planning for the protection and safety of our vulnerable populations. The vulnerable, or special, populations can be categorized in many ways, including those with physical disabilities, who have cognitive impairment or mental illness, who are incarcerated, who speak English as a second language or not at all, and who are elderly.
This volume, the first in a series, presents the findings of an ambitious
project—to measure the impact of fishing on the ecosystems
that make up the North Atlantic Ocean and to propose ways to mitigate
that impact. The project arose from a request by Dr. Joshua
Reichert, the Director of the Environment Program of the Pew
Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, to answer six specific questions
about the North Atlantic:
• What are the total fisheries catches from the ecosystems, including
reported and unreported landings and discards at sea?...
Chapter 3: Financial Audit
The department also maintains demand deposit bank accounts, which are held separately from the State Treasury.
Capital assets are not capitalized in the governmental funds used to acquire or construct them. Instead, capital acquisition and construction are reflected as expenditures in governmental funds, and the related assets are reported in the statement of net assets. Capital assets are recorded at cost on the date of acquisition, or if donated, at appraised value on the date of donation.
DNA replication, the process of copying one double stranded DNA molecule to produce two identical copies, is at the heart of cell proliferation. This book highlights new insights into the replication process in eukaryotes, from the assembly of pre-replication complex and features of DNA replication origins, through polymerization mechanisms, to propagation of epigenetic states. It also covers cell cycle control of replication initiation and includes the latest on mechanisms of replication in prokaryotes. The association between genome replication and transcription is also addressed.
This report was funded by Health Canada. It was
conducted by a team of international Indigenous
child health researchers, led by Dr. Janet Smylie at the
Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St. Michael’s
Hospital. The report draws upon on a systematic search
of public health data, including scholarly articles
at the national and provincial/territorial level. The
report first addresses First Nations, Inuit, and Métis
children’s health status and assessment in Canada.
Cost competition between state regulators and
the OCC, and among state regulators themselves,
has been fueled by two important structural
changes that have occurred in the banking indus-
try over the past two decades. The number of
bank charters has declined, largely because of
increased bank merger and consolidation activity,
and the size and complexity of banking organiza-
tions has increased.
The first change—a decline in the number of
charters—means that the OCC and state regula-
tors are competing for a declining member base.
In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the authority also develops programs to
educate the public about reducing the risk of becoming a victim of auto theft. In
cooperation with the Philadelphia Eagles National Football League team, the
authority launched a print, radio and online campaign that educates the public
about auto theft prevention.
Uniform Crime Report Data from the Pennsylvania State Police showed that, since
the authority’s inception in 1995, annual auto theft rates have declined by nearly 50
An individual’s benefit payment is reduced dollar for dollar by the amount of their “countable
income”—income less all applicable exclusions—in a given month. Income in the SSI program
includes “earned income” such as wages and net earnings from self-employment; and “unearned
income” such as Social Security benefits, unemployment compensation, deemed income from a
spouse or parent, and the value of in-kind support and maintenance such as food and shelter.
Different exclusion rules apply for different types of income. ...
For a long time, research on developmental issues in the biological and
social sciences was mostly concerned with the early parts of life, such as
infancy and adolescence. Studies paying full attention to people after they
had passed through late adolescence were rare even though we all know
that humans continue to develop. The dynamics of adult life can be as
forceful and full of transitory states as is life before 20. Individual
development is a lifelong process: from the moment of conception to the
moment of death.
Due to the relatively long historical record of the A-NYU Index, its relatively large and
comprehensive nature and its objective sources and maintenance, the Index is considered one of
the most, if not the most, authoritative performance benchmarks for distressed investor money
managers and for market observers and other investors. Moody's recently (June 1998) unveiled
their Bankrupt Bond Index and Salomon Smith Barney also publishes a bankrupt bond index.
There are 4 million miles of roads in the United States. One hundred
years ago, roads were primarily unpaved and had half the number of
miles of the present U.S. road system. As the system grew, roads became
wider and more complex structurally to provide for more and heavier
traffic. New construction technology and greater structural stability
were needed to improve the road system.
All phases of road development—from construction and use by vehicles
to maintenance—affect physical and chemical soil conditions, water
flow, and air and water quality.
Strengthening Job Market Helps PIT
Revenues. The PIT is the state’s largest General
Fund revenue source and grows over time
largely in line with the main component
of taxable personal income: the wages and
salaries of Californians. The most recent data
for 2010 indicate that wages and salaries made
up 73 percent of California resident tax filers’
adjusted gross income (AGI) and accounted
for 63 percent of PIT revenue. Accordingly, the
strength of trends in the state’s job market plays a
major role in the PIT’s overall growth rate.