Xem 1-20 trên 37 kết quả State paradigm
  • Weighted finite-state transducers suffer from the lack of a training algorithm. Training is even harder for transducers that have been assembled via finite-state operations such as composition, minimization, union, concatenation, and closure, as this yields tricky parameter tying. We formulate a “parameterized FST” paradigm and give training algorithms for it, including a general bookkeeping trick (“expectation semirings”) that cleanly and efficiently computes expectations and gradients. ...

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  • Firstly, Serbia should change the term structure of government bonds by shifting state debt from short to long-term maturities. This step will aid stability in debt man- agement as well as attract foreign investors. The Serbian bond market with govern- ment bonds is still underdeveloped; however, there is a promising transition pattern towards being a more mature market.

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  • We propose a novel method for learning morphological paradigms that are structured within a hierarchy. The hierarchical structuring of paradigms groups morphologically similar words close to each other in a tree structure. This allows detecting morphological similarities easily leading to improved morphological segmentation. Our evaluation using (Kurimo et al., 2011a; Kurimo et al., 2011b) dataset shows that our method performs competitively when compared with current state-ofart systems.

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  • In the last few years, so called finite.state morphology, in general, and two-level morphology in particular, have become widely accepted as paradigms for the computational treatment of morphology. Finite-state morphology appeals to the notion of a finite-state transducer, which is simply a classical finite-state automaton whose transitions are labeled with pairs, rather than with single symbols. The automaton operates on a pair of tapes and advances over a given transition if the current symbols on the tapes match the pair on the transition. ...

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  • The research effort on which this book is based has involved continuous analyses of various river–estuarine and coastal systems in the southeastern United States since 1970. These long-term studies have been carried out using a combination of field descriptive and experimental (lab and field) approaches.

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  • The growth of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool for studying brain function, as opposed to its more traditional role as a tool for studying brain anatomy and pathology, has been quite remarkable over the past decade. This has been driven in large measure by an appreciation of the considerable potential for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to increase our understanding of how the human brain works, both in the normal and diseased states.

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  • There is growing evidence on the importance of studies focusing on mechanisms and strategies leading to cancer prevention. The plethora of approaches include regulation of oxidative stress using antioxidant therapies, carefully balanced diets and living habits, epidemiological evidence and molecular approaches on the role of key biological molecules such as antioxidant enzymes, vitamins, proteins and naturally occurring free radical scavengers as well as controversial results and clinical applications. These are some of the topics that this book highlights.

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  • Biomedical Engineering can be seen as a mix of Medicine, Engineering and Science. In fact, this is a natural connection, as the most complicated engineering masterpiece is the human body. And it is exactly to help our “body machine” that Biomedical Engineering has its niche. This book brings the state-of-the-art of some of the most important current research related to Biomedical Engineering.

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  • Biomedical Engineering can be seen as a mix of Medicine, Engineering and Science. In fact, this is a natural connection, as the most complicated engineering masterpiece is the human body. And it is exactly to help our “body machine” that Biomedical Engineering has its niche. This book brings the state-of-the-art of some of the most important current research related to Biomedical Engineering.

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  • Private real estate investment is a typical one-shot decision problem for personal investors due to the huge investment expense and the fear of substantial loss. There is only one outcome for a one-shot decision problem. The private real estate investment problem is analyzed within a one-shot decision framework. The procedure for a one-shot decision consists of two steps. In the first step, for each alternative, some states of nature, which are called focus points, are selected amongst all states of nature based on the attitudes of decision makers on uncertainty.

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  • The Port Authority is a complex organization, now employing over 6,900 people and generating  revenues of almost $4 billion.

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  • My interpretation of your program is that most sales people need a marketing program. From my research and work with clients I see one key reason being that most marketing departments are unable to supply sales people with a consistent flow of quality leads. I think your advice is extremely practical and important for 95% of the sales people out there (myself included as a small business owner) who cannot rely on their marketing department to supply the leads they need to fill their sales funnel. In the real world of sales "self-sufficiency" is certainly the way...

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  • So long as there is no international government; so long as there is anarchy between states; so long can there be no permanent local, municipal, domestic law in one state either. Just as there are frontieres sans medicins, so politics has few real frontiers. Many non- governmental organisations are financed by other countries’ governments for governmental purposes, not all of them benign. Things fall apart. Unannounced, and confused with the ordinary, war will fly in a window on a lazy September day.

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  • Quality assurance of the screening process requires a robust system of programme mana- gement and coordination, assuring that all aspects of the service are performing adequa- tely. The first edition of the European Guidelines for Quality Assurance in Cervical Cancer Screening emphasized the principles of organised, population-based screening and was in- strumental in initiating pilot projects in Europe. More than a decade has passed since pub- lication of the first guideline edition.

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  • The Seventh Directive complements these harmonization efforts with requirements on when and how firms must prepare consolidated financial accounts. Both directives effectively prescribe a common set of accounting rules for both consolidated and unconsolidated (or parent-only) financial statements. The directives had to be transformed into national laws by the member states during the late 1980s and early 1990s. As a result, accounting standards across EU member states are fairly similar, though not necessarily equal in every respect.

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  • Co-operative movement in Tripura started in 1949 and over the years there has been a gradual expansion in size, numbers and volume of operations of Co-operative Societies in the State. Now Co-operative Societies of diversified activities have come up and with the growth of the Co-operative movement its accounting system also gets complicated. Audit of Co-operatives has become a big job to complete it in time maintaining the quality and efficiency.

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  • There are disadvantages to this approach. It does not readily take into account broad environmental changes that may require a shift in priorities, particularly when the board does not recognize the changed situation and will not adjust policy measures accordingly. It does not lend itself to assessing less tangible aspects of management that lead to organizational success. Its focus on means (getting results) could also result in executive behavior that contradicts other important organizational values, if those values have not been expressly stated in board policies.

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  • The diagnoses in clinical medicine of a patient or group in the population as deviating from the medical definition of normal. In Foucault’s sociology the proposition is that concepts of normality are constructed by state and professional healing and helping occupations to facilitate the regulation of the population.

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  • It is entirely dependent on the type of disaster, integrity of supply chains, and acuity of residents. Stockpiled supplies include food, water, generator fuel, and medical supplies such as medications, vaccines, oxygen, gloves, masks, and disinfectant. Often used as an extreme example, Avian Influenza is continuing its march across the globe, although it has yet to be definitively identified as reaching the United States. Great effort and extensive resources have been spent in preparing ourselves for this likelihood of Avian Influenza, and the possibility of Pandemic Influenza.

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  • Upon their arrival in the United States, the hijackers received a total of approximately $130,000 from overseas facilitators via wire or bank-to-bank transfers. Most of the transfers originated from the Persian Gulf financial center of Dubai, UAE, and were sent by plot facilitator Ali. Ali is the nephew of KSM, the plot’s leader, and his sister is married to convicted terrorist Ramzi Yousef. He lived in the UAE for several years before the September 11 attacks, working for a computer wholesaler in a free trade zone in Dubai.

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