The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (hereinafter referred to collectively as "Parties" and individually as "Party"),
Desiring to establish and develop mutually beneficial and equitable economic and trade relations on the basis of mutual respect for their respective independence and sovereignty;
Acknowledging that the adoption of and compliance with international trade norms and standards by the Parties will aid the development of mutually beneficial trade relations, and should be the underlying basis of those relations...
As the financial system in most emerging economies is centred on banks, an important aspect of the
development of bond markets is the impact on the banking system. One frequently heard worry is that
bond markets could take business away from the banks. This raises some potential concerns for bank
supervisors. On the other hand, if it means firms are less vulnerable to weaknesses in the banking
system, corporate bond issuance can help central banks achieve steady economic growth.
This document is one of several white papers that summarize readily available information on control techniques and measures to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from specific industrial sectors.
Aerospace power has become the archetypal expression of the U.S. ability to project force in the modern world. Throughout the world, U.S. aerospace power—and thus, the U.S. Air Force (USAF)—plays a critical, and often primary, role in securing U.S. interests, in promoting American values, and in protecting human rights. While the USAF has had significant success in employing aerospace power in the recent past, emerging trends in international relations, in technology, and in our own domestic society will create a wide variety of new challenges and new opportunities for U.S....
Heart disease causes 45% of the deaths that occur among U.S. firefighters while
they are on duty. We examined duty-specific risks of death from coronary heart
disease among on-duty U.S. firefighters from 1994 to 2004.
We reviewed summaries provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
of the deaths of all on-duty firefighters between 1994 and 2004, except for deaths
associated with the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
In our modern world, where international travel is common
and rapid, a disease can spread around the globe very quickly.
On an international level, the World Health Organization (WHO)
has developed and monitored International Health Regulations
(with origins in the mid-19th century) to help prevent
epidemics from spreading worldwide. The regulations are
being revised to address bioterrorism as well as chemical and
Achieving state-of-the-art excellence and attaining the cost reductions associated with outstanding logistics efforts is an obvious gain in terms of competitive edge and profitability. As logistics tools evolve in comprehensiveness and complexity, and the use of these new tools becomes more pervasive, maintaining a position of leadership in logistics functions also becomes increasingly difficult. And in spite of its importance not only to the bottom line but also to the functionality of your operations, logistics improvement often lags industry requirements....
Emergency medicine is, by its nature, borne out of necessity and through painful
lessons that specialized care is required for many patients presenting to hospital “ERs”
with complaints ranging from minor ailments to life threatening illness and even in
Women who are abused have poorer mental and
physical health, more injuries, and a greater need for
medical resources than non-abused women.
Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic
Violence found that abused women in Brazil, Japan, and
Peru are almost twice as likely as non-abused women to
report their current health status as poor or very poor.
The impact of gender-based abuse on physical health
can be immediate and long-term. Women who are abused
rarely seek medical care for acute trauma, however.
With the ending of the political dichotomy in world politics around 1990, the
good governance principle came to occupy an important position in judgements
about political regimes in developing countries. Good governance became an
important objective in the policies of many aid-giving Western countries and the
main international financial institutions, such as the World Bank. Increasingly,
however, good governance and market-oriented economic reform came to be
subsumed under one heading, leading to what has been called a post-Washington
The first edition of the Protection Officer
Training Manual(POTM) originated with
the birth of the International Foundation for
Protection Offi cers (IFPO) in 1988. Twelve dedi-cated security professionals from the United
States and Canada had a vision: to create an
organization that would provide meaningful
career opportunities for line security officers
throughout North America
In 2000, the WHO Regional Committee for Europe requested the Regional Director,
in resolution EUR/RC50/R8, to take action to help fulfil WHO’s role in
implementing its first food and nutrition action plan for the WHO European
Region. This included presenting Member States with a review of the scientific
evidence needed to develop integrated and comprehensive national food and nutrition
The U.S. apparel industry is large, mature, slow growing, and highly fragmented (Wagle). “Clothing that is sold
in the United States is produced both domestically and internationally.” According to the U.S. Department of
Commerce, domestic apparel production in 2001 approximately equaled $23.3 billion, a slight decline from $24.7
billion in 2000. Apparel imports for 2002 approximately equaled $63.8 billion and exports were $5.5 billion, a
figure that is continually falling in the past two years.
Given recent seismic upheavals in the world’s money markets, an updated edition of an
authoritative, reliable textbook on the international law of foreign investment has rarely
been so timely. Sornarajah’s classic text surveys how international law has developed to
protect foreign investments by multinational actors and to control any misconduct on
their part. It analyses treaty-based methods, examining the effectiveness of bilateral and
regional investment treaties.
Endometrial, cervical, and ovarian cancers are the three most common malignancies of the female
reproductive tract. In the United States alone, roughly 12,000 women are diagnosed with uterine
cervical cancer annually, and 4,000 will die from the disease . The relatively low incidence of
cervical cancer in the US is largely attributable to the effectiveness of Papanicolaou’s cytological
cervical screening test (the Pap test).
The process of ageing has resulted in the emergence of a new epidemiological scenario in the
developing countries with high prevalence of degenerative diseases that act as a major cause
of death and disability and lack of mobility (Smith and Bares, 1991, Zwi, 1999). There are
evidences of unhealthy ageing from almost all the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and
Latin America. Pelaez and and Palloni (1998) have concluded that there is a long-run health
degeneration in the ageing societies of the Caribbean and Latin America with changing
There are no steadfast rules or Department of State regulations that state that an EFM of a
diplomat operating a business for the exclusive use of other diplomats is exempt from local
business start-up policies, including registration and paying local taxes. However, since both the
owner/operator of the business and all clients or customers have diplomatic status, the logical
extension would be that this exemption does exist. Still, be careful in making such an
Since the issue of urban poverty cuts at the heart of social policy in the United States, it
is not surprising that ideology plays a substantial role in many of the debates about it. The
hypotheses often reflect ideological, as well as empirical, social science debates. This is
unavoidable. Nonetheless, the focal point of this article is not on ideology but rather on
what may reasonably be claimed to be known about inner-city poverty. Ideology may
well be critical to the decision about what to believe and what policies are to be preferred.
Coma may be anticipated as an integral component of the terminal event of all fatal
human illnesses. However, coma, which represents failure of the brain’s alerting system, may be
completely reversible. The earlier the process inciting the comatose state is treated, the greater
the likelihood of a more rapid complete recovery. The differential diagnoses of the causes of
coma are numerous and varied.
Acute emergencies in gastroenterology are extraordinarily
severe conditions with high morbidity and mortality.
Particularly severe diseases include acute pancreatitis,
a difficult course of non-specific intestinal inflammations
manifested by toxic colon or acute intestinal obstruction,
and even acutely developed intestinal pseudo-obstruction
(Ogilvie’s syndrome) or variceal and non-variceal bleeding
into the gastrointestinal tract.