This, as befits a first chapter in a book on Tomcat, is a short history of dynamic web content
and how Tomcat fits into that history. Once you’ve dealt with that, you’ll learn about Tomcat’s
architecture and its modular approach to configuration. The Web isn’t solely made up of static pages that show the same document to every user; many
pages contain content generated independently for each viewer. Although static files still have
their place, many useful and necessary web sites would be unable to function without dynamic
The scope of the series covers the entire spectrum of solid mechanics. Thus it includes the foundation of mechanics; variational formulations; computational mechanics; statics, kinematics and dynamics of rigid and elastic bodies; vibrations of solids and structures; dynamical systems and chaos; the theories of elasticity, plasticity and viscoelasticity; composite materials; rods, beams, shells and membranes; structural control and stability; soils, rocks and geomechanics; fracture; tribology; experimental mechanics; biomechanics and machine design.
Engineers use the concepts and methods of mechanics of solids in designing and evaluating tools, machines, and structures, ranging from wrenches to cars to spacecraft. The required educational back ground for these includes courses in statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and related subjects.
Concrete has been in use as a primary building material since Roman times. As it is
strong in compression but weak in tension, it was used in arches, vaults and walls
where it is stressed principally in compression.
In the mid-nineteenth century, it was discovered that iron and later steel bars could
be embedded in the concrete, effectively giving it tensile strength. This allowed it to be
used in beams and slabs, where it worked in bending. Buildings, bridges, retaining walls
and many other structures were made in this reinforced concrete.
This book is intended to supply engineering professionals and students with a comprehensive
and definitive reference to statics and dynamics of solids and structures. The book is for use
as a resource and design tool in research and development, and for use as a study guide and
learning aid in engineering education.
The book is written to meet the needs for interactive computing in technical referencing and
Heat transfer is a fundamental part of thermal engineering. It is the science of the rules
governing the transfer of heat between systems of different temperatures. In thermodynamics,
the heat transferred from one system to its surroundings is assumed as a
given process parameter. This assumption does not give any information on how the
heat is transferred and which rules determine the quantity of the transferred heat.
Heat transfer describes the dependencies of the heat transfer rate from a corresponding
temperature difference and other physical conditions....
Cell membranes act as barriers to most, but not all, molecules. The development of a cell membrane that could allow some materials to pass while constraining the movement of other molecules was a major step in the evolution of the cell. Cell membranes are differentially (or semi-) permeable barriers separating the inner cellular environment from the outer cellular (or external) environment.
Chapter 1 is for readers who have less background in partial differential equations (PDEs).
It contains materials which will be useful in understanding some of the jargon related to the
rest of the chapters in this book. A discussion about the classification of the PDEs is
presented. Here, we outline the major analytical methods. Later in the chapter, we introduce
the most important numerical techniques, namely the finite difference method and finite
element method. In the last section we briefly introduce the level set method.
The state-of-the-art of controlled radical polymerization (CRP)
in 2011 is presented. Atom transfer radical polymerization,
stable radical mediated polymerization, and degenerate transfer
processes, including reversible addition fragmentation chain
transfer are the most often used CRP procedures. CRP opens
new avenues to novel materials from a large range of monomers.
Detailed structure-reactivity relationships and mechanistic
understanding not only helps attain a better controlled
polymerization but enables preparation of polymers with
Summary of Mechanics
0) The laws of mechanics apply to any collection of material or ‘body.’ This body could be the overall system of study or any part of it. In the equations below, the forces and moments are those that show on a free body diagram. Interacting bodies cause equal and opposite forces and moments on each other. Linear Momentum Balance (LMB)/Force Balance ˙ Equation of Motion Fi = L
The total force on a body is equal to its rate of change of linear momentum. L Net impulse is equal to the change in momentum. When there is no...
In certain circumstances, some of the Group’s investees may require a qualified majority to
adopt certain resolutions.This, together with other factors, is taken into account when selecting
the consolidation method.
All material accounts and transactions between the consolidated companies were eliminated on
consolidation.The returns generated on transactions involving capitalizable goods or services
by subsidiaries with other Telefónica Group companies were eliminated on consolidation.
This manual introduces you to SAP2000 Version 11. The step-by-step instructions guide you through development of your first model. The in-tent is to demonstrate the fundamentals and to show how quickly and easily a model can be created using the program. Completing the tutorial will give you hands-on experience working with SAP2000, which for most people is the quickest way to become familiar with the program.
If you are viewing this manual as a .pdf file, we strongly recommend that you print it before starting the tutorial.
There are many different types of upholstered chairs and sofas, and they vary widely
in quality. Most of the quality characteristics are similar for all upholstered items. There are,
however, a few home furnishing items such as recliners and sleeper sofas that have additional
A high price tag does not necessarily indicate quality. High-quality and low-quality
upholstered furniture can be found in all price ranges. High-quality upholstery is difficult to evaluate because you cannot see inside the
furniture. There are, however, methods of determining quality.
As the proportion of both minority populations and people aged 60 and older increases in the United States, and the
obesity epidemic continues, people with diabetes are becoming a larger part of the practices of family physicians and
other primary care clinicians. Health care professionals involved in new or expanding diabetes care practices can use
these guiding principles to ensure that they provide essential components of comprehensive diabetes care.
The following chapters discuss architects who
have honed digital-fabrication techniques on
pecific projects. Each discussion is accompanied by
a detailed breakdown of the fabrication technique,
providing insight into the recent projects featured in
ach chapter. These are projects that concentrate on
he fertile realm of one-to-one-scale experimentation,
which demands reciprocity between design and
mpirical innovation. The final outcomes hinge on
he ability to reconcile the developmental shifts in
material and working method.
Is a branch of polymer science dealing with analysis and characterisation of polymers. üThe complication of macromolecular chains, the dispersion in molecular weight, tacticity, crystallinity, orientation, composition of polymers etc. and complex morphological systems ⇒ analysis of polymer ≠ the small organic materials ⇒ Focus on viscoelastic properties, dynamic mechanical testing.
In this chapter, you will learn how to design, create, and use XML web services, and most
importantly from the exam point of view, you will learn how to control the environment
of particular XML web services. You will work with both static and dynamic discovery of
XML web services, and use the UDDI protocol to publish and locate an XML web service. The
exam draws heavily from material in this chapter, so be certain that you are familiar with the
terms and concepts I discuss.
Engineers use the concepts and methods of mechanics of solids in designing and evaluating tools, machines, and structures, ranging from wrenches to cars to spacecraft. The required educational background for these includes courses in statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and related subjects. For
example, dynamics of rigid bodies is needed in generalizing the spectrum of service loads on a car,
which is essential in defining the vehicle’s deformations and long-term durability.
It has long been recognised that an
appreciation of the role of structure is
essential to the understanding of architecture.
It was Vitruvius, writing at the time of the
founding of the Roman Empire, who identified
the three basic components of architecture as
firmitas, utilitas and venustas and Sir Henry
Wooton, in the seventeenth century1, who
translated these as ‘firmness’, ‘commodity’ and
It can be argued that no company has dominated its own little portion of computer networking as completely as Cisco
Systems. Market research has estimated that 70 percent of the Internet runs on Cisco hardware. This is an amazing
statistic when you consider the number of manufacturers vying for market share in this arena. To put this number in
perspective, imagine that seven out of every ten cars on the highway today were produced by a single car manufacturer.
Why is Cisco hardware so popular? First and foremost is reliability.