Xem 1-20 trên 78 kết quả Statistical accounting
  • This book was motivated by the author’s experience in teaching accounting at postgraduate level (MBA and MSc) at Aston Business School and in-house training provided for non-financial managers in many organizations to introduce them to the use of financial tools and techniques. My own education as an accountant was aimed at achieving professional recognition and emphasized an uncritical acceptance of the tools and techniques that I was taught.

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  • This book was motivated by the author’s experience in teaching accounting at postgraduate level (MBA and MSc) at Aston Business School and in-house training provided for non-financial managers in many organizations to introduce them to the use of financial tools and techniques.

    pdf238p transang3 30-09-2012 89 40   Download

  • I would like to thank my wonderful wife, Holly, and the greatest group of children any father could be blessed with: Jonathan, Amy, and Lauren. They were extremely understanding during the process of writing this book. I would also like to thank the team at AMACOM, especially Ray O’Connell and Jim Bessent, who made the development of this book painless. Finally, I would like to thank you, the reader, for your interest in financial accounting, without which this book would not be necessary.

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  • Organisations develop out of the need to co-ordinate work, but this can be achieved in different ways. In this chapter we identify the different types of organisation (Section 1). There are various influences upon organisational structure (Section 2). Most firms have some sort of organisation hierarchy reflecting the levels of strategy-making (Section 3). We can see the strategic apex (eg Board of Directors) at the top, through ranks of middle managers to the operating core where the work is done....

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  • Jim Brown quits his job and starts his own company to do small construction contracts. The company is called National Construction and is a proprietorship. A proprietorship is a ...

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  • This text is aimed at students of economics and the closely related disciplines of accountancy and business, and provides examples and problems relevant to those subjects, using real data where possible. The book is at an elementary level and requires no prior knowledge of statistics, nor advanced mathematics. For those with a weak mathematical background and in need of some revision, some recommended texts are given at the end of this preface.

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  • Advances in Quantitative Analysis of Finance and Accounting (New Series) is an annual publication designed to disseminate developments in the quantitative analysis of finance and accounting. It is a forum for statistical and quantitative analyses of issues in finance and accounting, as well as applications of quantitative methods to problems in financial management, financial accounting and business management. The objective is to promote interaction between academic research in finance and accounting, applied research in the financial community, and the accounting profession....

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  • Senator Edwards is not alone in observing a lack of accountability in America’s democracy. Indeed, both popular and academic media offer considerable support for this sentiment. The popular Cable News Network (CNN) criticized “government, big business, and special interest groups” for enriching themselves at the expense of the common electorate and characterized elected offices as “accountability free zones” while arguing that “our government no longer works for us.”2 Important scholars like John Matsusaka have added weight to this type of argument.

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  • Large-scale discriminative machine translation promises to further the state-of-the-art, but has failed to deliver convincing gains over current heuristic frequency count systems. We argue that a principle reason for this failure is not dealing with multiple, equivalent translations. We present a translation model which models derivations as a latent variable, in both training and decoding, and is fully discriminative and globally optimised. Results show that accounting for multiple derivations does indeed improve performance.

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  • The "Life and Times of Red Jacket" by Colonel William L. Stone, has been before the public for many years. The industry and ability of the author have made it a work of great value, and his extensive researches have left but little room for anything new to be said, by one coming after him. Yet the fact need not be concealed that many, who were intimately acquainted with Red Jacket, were disappointed when they came to read his biography. If it had been prepared under the direct influence and superintendence of Thayendanegea, or Brant, it could not have reflected more truly the animus of...

    pdf114p believe11 20-02-2013 17 2   Download

  • creative and thoughtful new approaches, as indicated above. Their analyses, however, have not been guided by theory or statistical and ethical principles, and have not taken account of extensive research on these issues and development of new methods that has taken place in the last two decades. Government and academic statisticians, largely outside of public health, have developed a variety of “perturbation” methods such as “data swapping” and “controlled rounding” that can limit disclosure risk while maximizing...

    pdf0p anhnangmuahe2013 15-03-2013 29 2   Download

  • We tackle the previously unaddressed problem of unsupervised determination of the optimal morphological segmentation for statistical machine translation (SMT) and propose a segmentation metric that takes into account both sides of the SMT training corpus. We formulate the objective function as the posterior probability of the training corpus according to a generative segmentation-translation model. We describe how the IBM Model-1 translation likelihood can be computed incrementally between adjacent segmentation states for efficient computation. ...

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  • One of the important observations done during the CLEF 2009 campaign (Ferro and Peters, 2009) related to CLIR was that the usage of Statistical Machine Translation (SMT) systems (eg. Google Translate) for query translation led to important improvements in the cross-lingual retrieval performance (the best CLIR performance increased from ˜55% of the monolingual baseline in 2008 to more than 90% in 2009 for French and German target languages). However, generalpurpose SMT systems are not necessarily adapted for query translation.

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  • We describe a formal framework for interpretation of words and compounds in a discourse context which integrates a symbolic lexicon/grammar, word-sense probabilities, and a pragmatic component. The approach is motivated by the need to handle productive word use. In this paper, we concentrate on compound nominals. We discuss the inadequacies of approaches which consider compound interpretation as either wholly lexico-grammatical or wholly pragmatic, and provide an alternative integrated account. ...

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  • When managers make decisions they need to compare the costs (and benefits) among alternative actions. In this chapter, we discuss how to estimate the costs required for decision making. Let’s meet Charlene, the owner of Charlene’s Computer Care (3C). In this chapter we are going to help Charlene estimate costs. Three methods used to estimate costs are: engineering estimates, account analysis, and statistical methods.

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  • In this paper we describe two new objective automatic evaluation methods for machine translation. The first method is based on longest common subsequence between a candidate translation and a set of reference translations. Longest common subsequence takes into account sentence level structure similarity naturally and identifies longest co-occurring insequence n-grams automatically.

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  • We introduce a word segmentation approach to languages where word boundaries are not orthographically marked, with application to Phrase-Based Statistical Machine Translation (PB-SMT). Instead of using manually segmented monolingual domain-specific corpora to train segmenters, we make use of bilingual corpora and statistical word alignment techniques. First of all, our approach is adapted for the specific translation task at hand by taking the corresponding source (target) language into account. ...

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  • The measurement of all international transactions in and out of a country over a year is a difficult task Mistakes, errors, and statistical discrepancies will and do occur Current and capital account entries are recorded independent of one another, not together as this accounting method would prescribe

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  • The majority of successful attacks on computer systems via the Internet can be traced to exploitation of security flaws in software and operating systems. These few software vulnerabilities account for the majority of successful attacks, simply because attackers are opportunistic – taking the easiest and most convenient route. They exploit the best-known flaws with the most effective and widely available attack tools.

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  • INTERNAL CONTROL BASED ON THE COSO REPORT Objective  To use COSO, the Corporate Governance model, and COBIT, the Information Technology Governance framework, to achieve compliance with the SARBANES-OXLEY law 1 .Scope  New paradigms.  Methodology concepts of COSO.  MEYCOR COSO AG basics, a tool for implementing internal control based on the COSO report.

    pdf36p namson94 20-07-2012 65 30   Download

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