Statistical tables

Xem 1-20 trên 66 kết quả Statistical tables
  • Combines a cookbook approach with the use of PCs and programmable calculators. Contains statistics suitable for the low number of samples, high-pressure situations commonly found in established analytical methods with algorithms to eliminate statistical table handling, sample programs and data sets th

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  • In the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, our goal is to provide readers with books that will deliver key practical information in an efficient, accessible style. The series features books on a variety of topics, such as statistics, psychological testing, and research design and methodology, to name just a few. For the experienced professional, books in the series offer a concise yet thorough review of a specific area of expertise, including numerous tips for best practices.

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  • A: Basically, statistics is the “science of data.” There are three main tasks in statistics: (A) collection and organization, (B) analysis, and (C) interpretation of data. (A) Collection and organization of data: We will see several methods of organizing data: graphically (through the use of charts and graphs) and numerically (through the use of tables of data). The type of organization we do depends on the type of analysis we wish to perform.

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  • We estimate the parameters of a phrasebased statistical machine translation system from monolingual corpora instead of a bilingual parallel corpus. We extend existing research on bilingual lexicon induction to estimate both lexical and phrasal translation probabilities for MT-scale phrasetables. We propose a novel algorithm to estimate reordering probabilities from monolingual data. We report translation results for an end-to-end translation system using these monolingual features alone.

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  • Some Statistical Machine Translation systems never see the light because the owner of the appropriate training data cannot release them, and the potential user of the system cannot disclose what should be translated. We propose a simple and practical encryption-based method addressing this barrier.

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  • This paper proposes to use monolingual collocations to improve Statistical Machine Translation (SMT). We make use of the collocation probabilities, which are estimated from monolingual corpora, in two aspects, namely improving word alignment for various kinds of SMT systems and improving phrase table for phrase-based SMT. The experimental results show that our method improves the performance of both word alignment and translation quality significantly.

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  • We present four techniques for online handling of Out-of-Vocabulary words in Phrasebased Statistical Machine Translation. The techniques use spelling expansion, morphological expansion, dictionary term expansion and proper name transliteration to reuse or extend a phrase table. We compare the performance of these techniques and combine them. Our results show a consistent improvement over a state-of-the-art baseline in terms of BLEU and a manual error analysis.

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  • This paper presents an effective approach to discard most entries of the rule table for statistical machine translation. The rule table is filtered by monolingual key phrases, which are extracted from source text using a technique based on term extraction. Experiments show that 78% of the rule table is reduced without worsening translation performance. In most cases, our approach results in measurable improvements in BLEU score. that a source phrase is either a flat phrase consists of words, or a hierarchical phrase consists of both words and variables. ...

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  • We present a search-based approach to automatic surface realization given a corpus of domain sentences. Using heuristic search based on a statistical language model and a structure we introduce called an inheritance table we overgenerate a set of complete syntactic-semantic trees that are consistent with the given semantic structure and have high likelihood relative to the language model. These trees are then lexicalized, linearized, scored, and ranked. This model is being developed to generate real-time navigation instructions. ...

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  • Lectures "Applied statistics for business - Chapter 2: Tabular and graphical presentations" provides students with the knowledge: Summarising data for a categorical variable, summarising data for a quantitative variable, summarising data for two variables using tables,... Invite you to refer to the disclosures.

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  • When you finish this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss the general idea of analysis of variance, discuss the general idea of analysis of variance, conduct a test of hypothesis to determine whether the variances of two populations are equal, organize data into a one-way and a two-way ANOVA table.

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  • In this chapter, you learned to: Define the terms state of nature, event, decision alternatives, payoff, and utility; organize information in a payoff table or a decision tree; compute opportunity loss and utility function; find an optimal decision alternative based on a given decision criterion; assess the expected value of additional information.

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  • The #1 selling medical review book in the world. This book manages to fit two years worth of medical school content into one review book....This book is extremely helpful in preparing for the USMLE Step 1 exam. It is concise enough to use to prepare for the exam in a reasonable amount of time without omitting important information. It covers the material covered in the first two years of medical school very well. Service First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 is the undisputed "bible" of USMLE Step 1 preparation. It provides a complete framework to help you prepare for...

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  • Having opened SPSS you will get a dialogue box which you can cancel the first time you enter SPSS. Enlarge the window. SPSS is like a spreadsheet but it does not update calculations, tables or charts if you change the data. At the top of the screen are a series of menus which can be used to instruct SPSS to do something. SPSS uses 2 windows: The Data Editor, which is what you are looking at and which has 2 tabs at the bottom, and the Viewer. The Viewer is not visible yet, but opens automatically as soon as you open a file or run...

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  • The 2005 Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFS Yearbook), contains detailed data on revenue, expense, transactions in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities for the general government sector and its subsectors. The data and related information are presented in world, country, and institutional tables for 130 reporting countries presented in the framework of the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 (GFSM 2001).

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  • LaTeX is a document preparation system and document markup language. It is widely used for the communication and publication of scientific documents in many fields, including mathematics, physics, computer science, statistics, economics, and political science.

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  • Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences distills the overwhelming amount of material covered in introductory statistics courses into a handy, practical resource for students and professionals. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style. Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences guides you to a better understanding of basic concepts of statistical methods. Numerous practical tips are presented for selecting appropriate statistical procedures.

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  • The systematic review search process identified 162 relevant articles published, with an English abstract, in peer-reviewed journals since 1st January 1958 until 29th February 2008. A total of 3558 comparisons of content of nutrients and other substances in organically and conventionally produced foodstuffs were extracted for analysis.

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  • The 2007 Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFS Yearbook) contains detailed data on revenue, expense, transactions in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities of general government and its subsectors. Data are presented in world and country tables for all reporting countries in the framework of the Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001 (GFSM 2001).1 Corresponding metadata are provided in country specific institutional tables.

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  • The 14 statistical tables provide an overview of key aspects of human development. The tables include composite indices esti- mated by the Human Development Report Office (HDRO) using data available to the HDRO on 15 October 2012. All indicators, along with the technical notes on the calculation of composite indicators and additional sources of information, are available online at http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics. Countries and territories are ranked by their 2012 HDI value.

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