Steel bridges

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  • Steel Bridge Construction 45.1 Introduction 45.2 Construction Engineering in Relation to Design Engineering 45.3 Construction Engineering Can Be Critical 45.4 Premises and Objectives of Construction Engineering 45.5 Fabrication and Erection Information Shown on Design Plans 45.6 Erection Feasibility 45.7 Illustrations of Challenges in Construction Engineering 45.8 Obstacles to Effective Construction Engineering 45.9 Examples of Inadequate Construction Engineering Allowances and Effort 45.10 Considerations Governing Construction Engineering Practices 45.11 Camber Considerations 45.

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  • Seismic Design of Steel Bridges 39.1 Introduction Seismic Performance Criteria • The R Factor Design Procedure • Need for Ductility • Structural Steel Materials • Capacity Design and Expected Yield Strength • Member Cyclic Response 39 39.2 Ductile Moment-Resisting Frame (MRF) Design • Introduction • Design Strengths • Member Stability Considerations • Column-to-Beam Connections 39.3 Chia-Ming Uang University of California, San Diego Ductile Braced Frame Design Concentrically Braced Frames • Eccentrically Braced Frames Keh-Chyuan Tsai National Taiwan University 39.

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  • Steel Bridge Construction 45.28 Further Illustrations of Bridges Under Construction, Showing Erection Methods Figure 45.14 Royal Albert Bridge across River Tamar, Saltash, England, 1857. The two 455 ft (139 m) main spans, each weighing 1060 tons, were constructed on shore, floated out on pairs of barges, and hoisted about 100 ft (30 m) to their final position using hydraulic jacks. Pier masonry was built up after each 3 ft (1 m) lift. © 2000 by CRC Press LLC Figure 45.15 Eads Bridge across the Mississippi River, St. Louis, Mo., 1873. The first important metal arch bridge in the U.

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  • Steel Bridge Construction Figure 45.26a Erection of individual wire loops. Figure 45.26b Adjustment of individual wire loops. Figure 45.26 Cable-spinning procedure for constructing suspension bridge-parallel-wire main cables, showing details of aerial spinning method for forming individual 5 mm wires into strands containing 400 to 500 wires. Each wire loop is erected as shown in Figure 45.26a (refer to Figure 45.25), then adjusted to the correct sag as shown in Figure 45.26b. Each completed strand is banded with tape, then adjusted to the correct sag in each span.

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  • Steel Bridge Construction Figure 45.39 Manufacturing facility for production of shop-fabricated parallel-wire strands (PWS). Prior to 1966, parallel-wire suspension bridge cables had to be constructed wire-by-wire in the field using the aerial spinning procedure developed by John Roebling in the mid-19th century (refer to Figures 45.25 and 45.26). In the early 1960s a major U.S. steelwork contractor originated and developed a procedure for manufacturing and reeling parallelwire strands, as shown in these patent drawings. A PWS can contain up to 127 wires (see Figures 45.45 and 45.46).

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  • Data on the market share of the four major bridge construction materials used in the US (reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, structural steel, and timber) are summarized in this report. All bridges carrying public roadways are considered. Data are extracted from the National Bridge Inventory (NBI) as of December 2003.

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  • The structural design of steelwork is based on BS 5950 in the UK and countries following this code. The title of this code is given below: BS 5950 Structural use of steelwork in building. This section has been compiled to help designers in the UK and USA to appreciate the principal differences and similarities of applying Eurocode 3: Part 1.1 (EC3) (originally European standard ENV 1993-1-1).

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  • At the instigation of the Iron and Steel Federation, the late Bernard Godfrey began work in 1952 on the first edition of the Steel Designers’ Manual.As principal author he worked on the manuscript almost continuously for a period of two years. On many Friday evenings he would meet with his co-authors, Charles Gray, Lewis Kent and W.E. Mitchell to review progress and resolve outstanding technical problems. A remarkable book emerged.

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  • This specification covers carbon steel shapes, plates, and bars of structural quality for use in riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes. 1.2 Supplementary requirements are provided for use where additional testing or additional restrictions are required by the purchaser. Such requirements apply only when specified in the purchase order. 1.3 When the steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service is to be utilized.

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  • Concrete Bridge Construction 46.1 46.2 46.3 Introduction Effective Construction Engineering Construction Project Management General Principles • Contract Administration • Project Design • Planning and Scheduling • Safety and Environmental Considerations • Implementation and Operations • Value Engineering (VE) • Quality Management • Partnership and Teamwork • Project Completion and Turnover of Facility 46 Simon A. Blank California Department of Transportation 46.4 46.

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  • Design Practice in Japan 65.1 Design Design Philosophy • Load • Theory • Stability Check • Fabrication and Erection 65 65.2 65.3 65.4 65.5 65.6 65.7 Stone Bridges Timber Bridges Steel Bridges Concrete Bridges Hybrid Bridges Long-Span Bridges (Honshu–Shikoku Bridge Project) Kobe–Naruto Route • Kojima–Sakaide Route • Onomichi–Imabari Route 65.

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  • Concrete has been in use as a primary building material since Roman times. As it is strong in compression but weak in tension, it was used in arches, vaults and walls where it is stressed principally in compression. In the mid-nineteenth century, it was discovered that iron and later steel bars could be embedded in the concrete, effectively giving it tensile strength. This allowed it to be used in beams and slabs, where it worked in bending. Buildings, bridges, retaining walls and many other structures were made in this reinforced concrete.

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  • Steel–Concrete Composite Box Girder Bridges 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 Introduction Typical Sections General Design Principles Flexural Resistance Shear Resistance Stiffeners, Bracings, and Diaphragms Stiffeners • Top Lateral Bracings • Internal Diaphragms and Cross Frames Yusuf Saleh California Department of Transportation Lian Duan California Department of Transportation 13.7 Other Considerations Fatigue and Fracture • Torsion • Constructability • Serviceability 13.8 Design Example 13.

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  • The Evolution of Bridges in the United States 67.1 67.2 67.3 Introduction Early U.S. Bridges The Canal Era Turnpikes • Timber Bridges • Covered Timber Bridges • Iron Bridges 67 67.4 The Railroad Era Trusses • Railroad Trestles • Steel Arch Bridges • Kit Bridges 67.5 The Motor Car Era Steel Truss Bridges • Reinforced Concrete • Concrete Arches • Concrete Girders • Canticrete • Suspension Bridges • Movable Bridges • Floating Bridge 67.

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  • Nonlinear Analysis of Bridge Structures 36.1 36.2 36.3 Introduction Analysis Classification and General Guidelines Classifications • General Guidelines 36 Geometrical Nonlinearity Formulations Two-Dimensional Members • Three-Dimensional Members 36.4 Material Nonlinearity Formulations Structural Concrete • Structural and Reinforcement Steel 36.5 Nonlinear Section Analysis Basic Assumptions and Formulations • Modeling and Solution Procedures • Yield Surface Equations 36.

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  • Bridge Construction Inspection 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.4 Introduction Inspection Objectives and Responsibilities Objectives • Responsibilities of the Inspector 48 Material Inspection Concrete • Reinforcement • Structural Steel Operation Inspection Layout and Grades • Concrete Pour • Reinforcement Placing • Welding of Structural Steel • HighStrength Bolts 48.5 Component Inspection Foundation • Concrete Columns and Pile Shaft • Abutment and Wingwalls • Superstructure Mahmoud Fustok California Department of Transportation 48.

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  • Weathering steel is NYSDOT’s first choice for steel multi-girder bridges under most conditions. This decision has been made in part because of the cost savings that can be realized due to decreased painting and maintenance requirements. However, recent studies have shown that this may not always be the case. This presentation will discuss some situations where bridges with weathering steel are underperforming and whether or not the situation can be rectified for future applications.

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  • Bridge Decks and Approach Slabs 24.1 24.2 Michael D. Keever California Department of Transportation Introduction Bridge Decks Cast-In-Place Reinforced Concrete • Precast Concrete Bridge Decks • Steel Grid Bridge Decks • Timber Bridge Decks • Steel Orthotropic Bridge Decks John H. Fujimoto California Department of Transportation 24.3 Approach Slabs Structural Design Considerations • Settlement Problems • Additional Considerations 24.4 Summary 24.

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  • Design Practice in Russia 66.1 66.2 66.3 Introduction Historical Evolution Masonry and Timber Bridges • Iron and Steel Bridges 66 Modern Development Standardization of Superstructures • Features of Substructure 66.4 Bridge Design Theory and Methods Design Codes and Specifications • Design Concepts and Philosophy • Concrete Structure Design • Steel Structure Design • Stability Design • Temporary Structure Design 66.5 Inspection and Test Techniques Static Load Tests • Dynamic Load Tests • Running in of Bridge under Load 66.6 Simon A.

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  • Tài liệu tham khảo giáo trình cơ học kết cấu trong ngành xây dựng bằng Tiếng Anh - Yamaguchi, E. “Basic Theory of Plates and Elastic Stability” Structural Engineering Handbook Ed. Chen Wai-Fah Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 1999 - Steel Bridge Construction

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