Step ahead of cancer

Xem 1-20 trên 46 kết quả Step ahead of cancer
  • There is growing evidence on the importance of studies focusing on mechanisms and strategies leading to cancer prevention. The plethora of approaches include regulation of oxidative stress using antioxidant therapies, carefully balanced diets and living habits, epidemiological evidence and molecular approaches on the role of key biological molecules such as antioxidant enzymes, vitamins, proteins and naturally occurring free radical scavengers as well as controversial results and clinical applications. These are some of the topics that this book highlights.

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  • he 2004-05 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey is the most recent in a series of national surveys conducted in Tanzania to meas- - ure levels, patterns, and trends in fertility, family planning, and health indicators. he previous surveys were carried out in 1991-92, 1994, 1996, and 1999. he 2004-05 TDHS was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). he 2004-05 survey included a nationally representative sample of 10,329 women and 2,635 men from approximately 9,700 households.

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  • There is a strong relationship between health insurance coverage and access to medical services. Health insurance makes a substantial difference in the amount and kind of health care people are able to afford, as well as where they obtain care. Research has consistently shown that the lack of insurance ultimately compromises persons’ health because they are less likely to receive preventive care, are more likely to be hospitalized for avoidable health problems, and are more likely to be diagnosed in the late stages of disease.

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  • Private real estate investment is a typical one-shot decision problem for personal investors due to the huge investment expense and the fear of substantial loss. There is only one outcome for a one-shot decision problem. The private real estate investment problem is analyzed within a one-shot decision framework. The procedure for a one-shot decision consists of two steps. In the first step, for each alternative, some states of nature, which are called focus points, are selected amongst all states of nature based on the attitudes of decision makers on uncertainty.

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  • Given these considerations, solving the routing problem can be seen as a choice among three alternatives. Common to the three alternatives is the need to broadcast some piece of information to all the servers in the network, where the broadcast is required by the lack of a priori knowledge of locality. The first alternative broadcasts notifications, which implies that notification matching is performed at each local server based on the subscriptions received at that server.

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  • Aimed at shedding light on the possible options for developing countries to make use of agri- environmental and rural development measures within the framework of the WTO, this paper surveys those programs used in the Quad that are considered non or at most minimally trade distorting, non-discriminatory and otherwise consistent with current WTO rules. Furthermore, it tries to illustrate the possible outcomes in the ongoing negotiations in the WTO on the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) from a developing country viewpoint, related to the types of mechanisms surveyed above. ...

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  • Recent reductions in cancer mortality are due in part to risk reduction behaviors like smoking cessation and more strongly to early detection of cancer coupled with appropriate therapy. Yet, there are no validated molecular biomarker tests for the early detection of any cancer (see Table I). Among the list of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved biomarkers, none have been approved for cancer early detection and screening.

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  • Quality assurance of the screening process requires a robust system of programme mana- gement and coordination, assuring that all aspects of the service are performing adequa- tely. The first edition of the European Guidelines for Quality Assurance in Cervical Cancer Screening emphasized the principles of organised, population-based screening and was in- strumental in initiating pilot projects in Europe. More than a decade has passed since pub- lication of the first guideline edition.

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  • Over recent years we have made considerable progress towards understanding what drives innovation and how Government can help businesses develop innovative products and services. Through work like the Innovation Report 2003 and the Lambert Review of University and Business Collaboration 2003, the Department and others across Government have recognised the central role of technology and science in innovation and the UK’s long-term economic growth. Two notable policy responses have been the 10 Year Science and Innovation Framework and the Tax Credit for Research and Development.

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  • The crisis can, however, magnify the competitive advantage of research-intense firms who seize the opportunity to reinforce market leadership through increased spending on innovation and R&D. Many of today’s leading firms such as Microsoft or Nokia were born or transformed in the “creative destruction” of economic downturns. And several of today's leading technology firms such as Samsung Electronics, or Google strongly increased their R&D expenditures during and after the “new economy” bust of 2001. ...

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  • It is important that cord blood transplantation is one of the risk factors of symptomatic adenoviremia (Robin et al., 2007), which develops to acute renal failure in the terminal stage (Abe T et al., 2009). At present, there is no established consensus about the treatment for acute renal failure induced by adenovirus after stem cell transplantation. This chapter focuses on the recent advances in diagnosis, mostly due to the development of molecular methods, and therapeutic interventions.

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  • My passion started at school where the languages I was taught – French, English, and Latin – had long lasting consequences on my life. At 17, I met a brilliant and attractive French teenager who is now my wife; English would prove useful for reading and writing in medicine; and Latin opened my eyes to the world of words. One week before my 13th birthday, I used my new Christmas voice-recorder to register word lists from our school manual: rosa – die Rose; insula – die Insel; bestia – das Tier.

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  • While the nature and prevalence of defensive medical practices have been widely debated, most agree that the costs are exorbitant. In fact, some estimates report that the practice of defensive medicine costs the American health care system in excess of $100 billion dollars annually, which would account for up to 12% of all health care expenditures.

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  • In creating an ontology that represented these semantics, the first choice was to decide among OWL's three sub-languages: OWL Lite, OWL DL, and OWL Full[2]. Though OWL Full is the most expressive of the three languages, the first two have several advantages. OWL DL and its formal subset, OWL Lite, are guaranteed to be both computationally complete and decidable. The NCI Thésaurus is created using a DL tool, so the restrictions of these two variants of the ...

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  • Innovative developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) irre- vocably change our lives and enable new possibilities for society. One of the fi elds that strongly profi ts from this trend is Telemedicine, which can be defi ned as novel ICT- enabled medical services that help to overcome classical barriers in space and time. Through Telemedicine patients can access medical expertise that may not be available at the patient’s site.

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  • The length of chordae was a measurement of the distance between the head of the PM and the free edge of the posterior leaflet. Length of the opposing chordae of the posterior leaflet was measured directly by using a calliper. Double-armed mattress sutures with CV-5 GORE-TEX were placed at the fibrous tip of the PM using PTFE on both sides and tied down firmly. In all cases Doi performed Duran ring annuloplasty. Thereafter, the ePTFE suture is placed through the anterior leaflet.

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  • The medical consequences of operating outside of the normal boundaries of a well tuned musculo-tendinous system are also poorly understood, although clearly recognized in the persistent atrophy experienced in microgravity despite rigorous exercise programs. Muscle force generation is length and velocity sensitive. The process is repetitive in the sense that muscles will always generate force based on their length-tension and forcevelocity properties, causing tendon deformation.

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  • One feature of this model is that strokes develop spontaneously following severe hypertension (more than 150 mmHg). Therefore, in SHRSP, because strokes develop after the onset of elevated blood pressure, elevated blood pressure is considered to be the most critical factor for stroke induction. However, interestingly, the neuronal cells of this model exhibit a great vulnerability compared with normal control WKY/Izm rats during the reoxygenation conditions following hypoxia (Tagami et al., 1998; Yamagata et al., 2010c).

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  • Consistent success in selling requires certain innate talents; training and desire alone are not enough. Putting bankers through a sales training class has never been proven to yield a permanent increase in sales productivity unless their immediate supervisor is strongly supportive of selling. Lukewarm compliance and simply going through the motions just won’t cut it; we need managers who are passionate advocates committed to this program.

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  • In a series published by Peirson and Nickerson, one patient had 4 grams of tissue resected for histology during transurethral prostate biopsy and this was later found to be benign. However since DRE was suspicious for cancer a perineal punch biopsy with the Silverman needle was performed and this subsequently revealed malignancy (figure 7) (Peirson and Nickerson, 1943). Consequently Kaufman et al.

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