Stereopsis is a vision process whose geometrical foundation has been known for a long
time, ever since the experiments by Wheatstone, in the 19th century. Nevertheless, its
inner workings in biological organisms, as well as its emulation by computer systems,
have proven elusive, and stereo vision remains a very active and challenging area of
research nowadays. In this volume we have attempted to present a limited but relevant
sample of the work being carried out in stereo vision by researchers from around
An image is a two dimensional projection of a three dimensional scene. Hence a degeneration
is introduced since no information is retained on the distance of a given point in the space.
In order to extract information on the three dimensional contents of a scene from a single
image it is necessary to exploit some a priori knowledge either on the features of the scene,
i.e. presence/absence of architectural lines, objects sizes, or on the general behaviour of
shades, textures, etc.
Computer vision is one of the most studied subjects of recent times with paramount
focus on stereo vision. Lot of activities in the context of stereo vision are getting
reported spanning over vast research spectrum including novel mathematical ideas,
new theoretical aspects, state of the art techniques and diverse range of applications.
The book is a new edition of stereo vision book series of INTECH Open Access
Publisher and it presents diverse range of ideas and applications highlighting current
research/technology trends and advances in the field of stereo vision.