For thousands of years, since long before there
were doctors or hospitals, midwives have been
helping women stay healthy, helping babies into
the world, and helping families grow. Ask a
woman why she prefers the care of a midwife
and she will tell you that midwives are
knowledgeable, patient, and respectful of
Reduce hiv risk and vulnerability in settings of humanitarian concern. Contingency plans for essential HIV
services should be part of national HIV plans in order to ensure continuity of HIV treatment and care in
settings of humanitarian concern, including buffer stocks of essential medicines and commodities (including
antiretroviral medicines, condoms, diagnostic assays, opioid analgesics and sterile injecting supplies).
Anemia levels were determined by measuring the level of hemoglobin in the blood, a decreased concentration characterizes anemia. The concentration of hemoglobin in the blood was measured in the field using the HemoCue system. The HemoCue instrument is a special purpose photometer designed specifically for the determination of hemoglobin levels. A capillary blood sample was taken from the palm side of the end of a finger, punctured with a sterile, non-reusable, self-retractable lancet.