This book is for people who want to reﬁne their math skills at the high-school
level. It can serve as a supplemental text in a classroom, tutored, or home-
schooling environment. It should also be useful for career changers
who want to refresh or augment their knowledge. I recommend that you
start at the beginning and complete a chapter a week. An hour or two
daily ought to be enough time for this. When you’re done, you can use
this book as a permanent reference.
The history of Computational Fluid Dynamics, or CFD for short,, started in
the early 1970’s. Around that time, it became an acronym for a combination
of physics, numerical mathematics, and, to some extent, computer sciences employed
to simulate fluid flows. The beginning of CFD was triggered by the
availability of increasingly more powerful mainframes and the advances in CFD
are still tightly coupled to the evolution of computer technology.
“There never lived at the same time,” wrote Ludwig von Mises, “more than
a score of men whose work contributed anything essential to economics.”1
One of those men was Carl Menger (1840–1921), professor of political
economy at the University of Vienna and founder of the Austrian School of
Our literature is rich enough in works on the principles of Political Economy. So far as the translator is informed, however, it possesses none in which the science is treated in accordance with the historical method. We may therefore venture to express the hope that this translation will fill a place hitherto unoccupied in the literatures of England and America, and fill it all the more efficiently and acceptably, as Professor ROSCHER is the founder and still the leader of the historical school of Political Economy....
More than 20 years have passed since the first edition of this book appeared.
In 1978, public sector personnel management seemed complex but still quite
straightforward. The first edition was fewer than 300 pages with a fairly simplistic
structure. We began with an extensive historical section explaining the political
context of personnel, which we felt had been largely ignored by the standard
personnel textbooks of the time—indeed, we felt that was perhaps the most important
reason for us to write a new textbook.
Concerning the motives for consuming luxury brands, it has to be stated that the notion of ―buying to impress
others‖, still more or less serves as a strategic principle for the marketing management of luxury brands (Berry
1994; Dittmar 1994; Corneo and Jeanne 1997; Vigneron and Johnson 1999, 2004; O‘Cass and Frost 2002).
According to the theory of impression management, consumers are highly affected by the internal drive to create a
favorable social image from the outcome of their purchase behavior (Eagly and Chaiken 1993; Mandrik 1996;
THERE ARE few circumstances among those which make up the present
condition of human knowledge, more unlike what might have been expected,
or more significant of the backward state in which speculation on
the most important subjects still lingers, than the little progress which
has been made in the decision of the controversy respecting the criterion
of right and wrong.
Despite the flurry of media and political attention to air quality-induced illnesses and deaths, the
question still remains as to what will be the future air quality in Ontario and what are the health
consequences. Are more aggressive measures required to reduce the risk of poor air quality for
human health? What benefits would be realized now and in the future from improved air quality?
These are examples of pertinent environmental policy questions for which sound answers are
needed. This need has been recognized for many years by the OMA.
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, New Zealand’s exports were concentrated on a few products
and on the United Kingdom market. The collapse in the price of wool and the entry of Britain
into the European Union (EU) resulted in marked product- and export-market diversiﬁ cation.
New Zealand’s export-product concentration is still somewhat higher than the OECD mean.
New Zealand’s export-market concentration, on the other hand, is slightly lower than the OECD
mean, reﬂ ecting a more diverse range of export markets.
Kane, the author of a 2010 Kauffman paper on the subject, then combed through the
data to make another crucial point. Some of the job loss in existing firms is due to
―Deaths,‖ i.e., firms closing down. This ―Death‖ toll is especially high for younger firms,
as many startups close within a few years of founding. Therefore, it is important that a
fair number of the ―Survivor‖ startups keep on growing to help offset the losses—and, as
Kane notes, ―Among Survivors, so-called gazelle firms [the kind that grow quickly to
large size] are certainly more important still.
Looking ahead, those surveyed expect the lead director to delve further into shareholder
and governance issues, be more involved in risk management, drive succession planning
to ensure the process produces top leaders, and strengthen the independence of the board.
On the horizon also are issues related to how the lead director’s role will change if compa-
nies alter their organizational structure. At the surveyed companies, 67 percent still have a
combined position of board chairman-CEO despite increasing pressures from stakeholders
and regulators to split these functions.
My first experiments with object-oriented programming in PHP took place about six years
ago. Unfortunately, the book that introduced me to the subject concentrated on the
mechanics of writing classes and paid little heed to principles underlying OOP. As a result, I
wrote classes that were closely intertwined with a specific project (“tightly coupled,” to use
the OOP terminology). Everything worked exactly the way I wanted, but the design had a
fundamental flaw: the classes couldn’t be used for any other project.
What is a heat pump? A heat pump is a mechanical device used for heating and cooling which operates on the principle that heat can be pumped from a cooler temperature to a warmer temperature (cold to hot). Heat pumps can draw heat from a number of sources, eg, air, water, or earth, and are most often either air-source or water-source. Although heat pumps have been around for more than a 100 years, the technology has dramatically increased. Not only do heat pumps still operate the common refrigerator, but today, heat pump technology allows us to heat and cool residential...
In the summer of 1866, the author of this little book, moved by the repeated and earnest solicitation of his
Medical Classes, prepared and printed a small pamphlet entitled Practical Principles of Medical Electricity,
designed more particularly, as the present work also is, as a Hand-Book to assist the memory of those who
have taken a regular course of LECTURES from himself, or from some other competent instructor in the same
general system of Practice. The edition of that work was exhausted somewhat more than a year ago. Still, the
book has continued to be frequently called for.
Why another book on botulinum toxin in aesthetic medicine? There are a couple of
reasons. First: the main reason is the tremendous progress that we are seeing in the
use of this drug, which rapidly outstrips the present literature. Second: we still think
there is a need for good books as there is still a lot of confusion and misconceptions
around the different indications and the different drugs.