Straightforward financial

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  • We also suggest that interventions providing associated benefits in kind may be less likely than those offering a straightforward financial reward to be perceived as a 'purchase' of a body part: indeed, for egg-sharing we have noted the argument that the benefit being received is not financial at all in nature but rather the opportunity to bear a child. Given that one of the key concerns around any form of non-altruistic-focused intervention is the risk of material being mis- valued, we distinguish between these two approaches through rungs 5 and 6 on the Intervention Ladder.

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  • The Committee evaluated the case for lowering the 20% CCF under the Basel II standardised and FIRB risk-based measures. The CCF is relevant for short-term self- liquidating trade letters of credit arising from the movement of goods. Essentially, it reduces capital requirements by 80% as compared to positions that are subject to a 100% CCF. The current 20% CCF has been part of the Basel capital framework since their inception in 1988.

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  • Real-world accounting basics that can be applied today, written by a proven accounting author How do you make sense of the accounting report or balance sheet you’ve just been handed? How do these reports help you to understand the company’s performance? How do you use the numbers you have been given to make good business decisions in the short- and long-term? MBA Fundamentals in Accounting and Finance offers real-world accounting and finance basics that can be applied today. In the business world, we are frequently called on to review and analyze financial data.

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  • In the last decade rating-based models have become very popular in credit risk management. These systems use the rating of a company as the decisive variable to evaluate the default risk of a bond or loan. The popularity is due to the straightforwardness of the approach, and to the upcoming new capital accord (Basel II), which allows banks to base their capital requirements on internal as well as external rating systems.

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  • The purpose of this book is to provide a straightforward but thorough introduction to accounting and finance for executives and managers who are studying these subjects, formally, for the first time. It is an entry-level text to be used before moving on to more advanced material. A high degree of practicality and relevance are introduced with a strong ‘real world’ flavour supported by examples from leading international companies. The glossary of terms is designed to be as comprehensive as possible so that readers can obtain clear guidance at a time when they most need it....

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  • The recognition of gender equality as a cross-cutting issue in the Paris Declaration and the OECD-DAC’s gender marker system to assess the contribution of overseas development assistance (ODA) to gender equality goals have also been important contributions to greater effectiveness. With its emphasis on development effectiveness and the recognition of gender equality and the empowerment of women as critical to achieving development results, the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation also advances progress through a series of concrete commitments.

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  • This hesitancy on the part of patients to seek the information needed may have resulted from feeling helpless due to hospitalization. How can seniors feel more proactive about their health care and less like victims? The Internet may not be able to help the elderly when they are already hospitalized, but it could be a useful resource to help them before they enter the hospital.

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  • When we published the first edition of Paying for Performance in 1997, the business climate was very different than it is today. At that time, the U.S. financial markets were in the midst of an unprecedented multiyear boom. Many established companies were delivering record profits, but perhaps more important, a myriad of “new economy” marvels were rewriting long-standing rules about the relationship between earnings and market value, the relative importance of growth and profitability, and the definition of what constitutes successful business performance.

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  • Funding of medical journals through advertising. Pharmaceutical companies use medical journals to advertise their products, and frequently advertising revenue is the only source of funding of these journals, which are often sent free to doctors. Smith (2003), the editor of the British Medical Journal, writes thus of advertising by Big Pharma “To attract advertising these publications have to be read by the doctors whom the advertisers want to reach.

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  • Chronicling the male‟s experiences, dreams, stories, revenge, angst, ambitions etc has been the essence of Hindi films. In the action genre of films popularized by the likes of Akshay Kumar, Sunny Deol and Sunil Shetty; the heroine is abruptly placed in the romantic track as a distraction for the viewer from monotonous bouts of violence. It is unusual to witness a strong female character in an action movie even if she indulges in some fights and punches.

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  • If you notice additional damage to your Building Property or Personal Property after filing your claim, you may file a Supplemental Claim.This means, essentially , that you must repeat the documentation and filing process for your original claim, including a Proof of Loss—but only for the newly discovered damage. Supplemental Claims should start with immediately notifying your adjuster , agent and/or company representative. Once you have completed documentation, present it to your adjuster who may need to make another property visit to verify your loss....

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  • Upon entry in the program, participants, mostly women, receive a recipe book and are told about the importance of eating at least 3 meals a day and choosing from a vari- ety of foods in the four major food groups (grain prod- ucts, fruits/vegetables, milk/milk products, meat/meat alternate). Recipes are based on inexpensive, readily available whole grains products, vegetables and fruits, lean meats, low-fat dairy products and legumes. Partici- pants decide themselves how much weight they want to lose.

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  • Wet deposition of nitrate and ammonium can be measured at the same time as sulphate and pH using a standard precipitation collector used by ECN (Sykes and Lane, 1996) and the acid deposition monitoring networks and is cost effective on this basis. It also allows an assessment of the ratio of oxidised (nitrate) to reduced nitrogen (ammonium). Acid deposition has been declining in recent years – by more than 50% over large areas of the UK between 1985 and 1999 (NEGTAP, 2001) – and detecting the anticipated recovery of soils and plant communities is...

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  • Providing convincing evidence on the effects of financial education is no easy task. The most straightforward but least reliable method is to ask people attending a seminar whether it was useful and whether participation will change their behaviour. There are three main problems. Attendance is self-selected. Those motivated to turn up may have the greatest interest in financial matters and may already be contemplating making a change in their finances.

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  • The intuition underpinning these results is straightforward. In a highly connected system, the counterparty losses of a failing institution can be more widely dispersed to, and absorbed by, other entities. So increased connectivity and risk sharing may lower the probability of contagious default. But, conditional on the failure of one institution triggering contagious defaults, a high number of nancial linkages also increases the potential for contagion to spread more widely.

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  • Of the total milk sold by the farmers, 15 - 19% is thought to be wasted en route-to-market due to spoilage from a lack of proper cooling, storage, and transport systems. There is an imperative need to prevent the wastage of milk, which is the result of a poor cold chain. Milk being a highly perishable commodity does not give many choices for storage or channels; consequently, the unorganized middlemen as a speedy substitute to a cold chain dominate the supply chain. Both investment and regulation are required to develop the cold chain, which will help consolidate the milk...

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  • A foreign company can commence operations in India by incorporating a company under the Companies Act as a subsidiary (including a wholly owned subsidiary) or as a joint venture company. Private or public companies are formed by first obtaining name availability approval, followed by registering the memorandum and articles of association and prescribed forms with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) in the state in which the registered office is to be located. If the documents are in order, the ROC will issue a certificate of incorporation.

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  • For the applied economist, the confident and apparently successful application of Keynesian principles to economic policy which occurred in the United States in the 1960s was an event of incomparable significance and satisfaction. These principles led to a set of simple, quantitative relationships between fiscal policy and economic activity generally, the basic logic of which could be (and was) explained to the general public and which could be applied to yield improvements in economic performance benefitting everyone.

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  • Before turning to a description of effluent taxes, it is useful to briefly describe the status quo approach to regulation: command-and-control effluent reduction requirements. 2 The centerpiece of U.S. water quality regulation is the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program. The NPDES program requires polluters to obtain permits, or licenses, to discharge. These permits specify pollution amounts that can be legally discharged.

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  • Most of the information that we include for each node and edge is straightforward to obtain from the Twitter stream. However, there are some data processing aspects that require special handling: Mapping user names to IDs: The Twitter stream relates the tweets with internal user identifiers, while user mentions are expressed as user names. To match them, we use the Twitter API to resolve the user-id and user-name reference. URL shortening: A tweet is constrained to 140 characters, so most URLs are shortened using a URL shortening service such as http: //bit.ly/.

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