The Portfolio Improvement Program (PIP) was launched by the World
Bank about a year ago to improve the performance of its project portfo-
lio. Within that review, the performance of social funds was evaluated
for such things as efficiency, targeting, and sustainability.
As the largest multilateral development finance agency, the World Bank
lends about US$20 billion annually for development all over the world.
Its portfolio of 1,500 projects under implementation accounts for close
to US$120 billion of commitment on the part of the World Bank.
Much has happened in procurement circles since David N. Burt's book Proactive Procurement was
published in 1984. We like to think Proactive Procurement had at least a small part in focusing
attention on the importance of procurement in containing costs, improving quality, increasing
productivity, shortening concept to customer delivery times, and strengthening the integration of
materials management into the total operations of an organization.
IMCI is an integrated approach to child health that focuses on the well-being of the whole child. IMCI aims to reduce death, illness and disability, and to promote improved growth and development among children under five years of age. IMCI includes both preventive and curative elements that are implemented by families and communities as well as by health facilities.
Chapter 14 SENIOR MANAGEMENT. The responsibility of senior management within a company is to guard, further and strengthen the business of that company. Each senior manager oversees some area of the overall business, generally managing a subset of the corporate staff.
Much has happened in procurement circles since David N. Burt's book Proactive Procurement was published in 1984. We like to think Proactive Procurement had at least a small part in focusing attention on the importance of procurement in containing costs, improving quality, increasing productivity, shortening concept to customer delivery times, and strengthening the integration of materials management into the total operations of an organization.
Business leaders can no longer afford to continue doing business without the critical skills necessary for
success. The Postgraduate Diploma in Business Administration is intended to strengthen the fundamentals of
business, emphasizing practical skills important to the "real world" of corporate and business administration in a
manner that is applicable to the regional and business challenges of the participant. In an increasingly
competitive global environment, organizations need to develop managers capable of dealing with complexity
Purposes Base on theoritical and practical issues in terms of leadership of communist party for e-press in Vietnam, this dissertation will introduce effective solutions to strengthen the leadership of communist party for e-press in Vietnam nowadays.
This health system assessment for Uganda was carried out during the first year of implementation of the
HSSIP. Its findings, therefore, serve as a benchmark of the health system. By doing a similar assessment
towards the end of HSSIP implementation, we will be able to gauge the progress made in the health
system over the period covered by the plan.
Since the eighth edition was published, this book has strengthened its position as a
market leader in the Strategic Management market. This tells us that we continue
to meet the expectations of existing users and attract many new users to our book.
It is clear that most strategy instructors share with us a concern for our currency in
the text and its examples to ensure that cutting-edge issues and new developments in
strategic management are continually addressed.
There is a need to expand the skill sets among
EC staff, both at HQ and Delegations. Better under-
standing of some key analytical tools is required,
including how to engage in (and interpret) the results
of policy, sector and institutional analysis.
Developing a better understanding of partner govern-
ment’s planning, budgeting and financial manage-
ment systems is also critical.
The Basics of Social Marketing was developed under the auspices of the Turning Point Social
Marketing National Excellence Collaborative, one of five national collaboratives working to
strengthen and transform public health as part of the Turning Point Initiative. Seven states and
two national partners participated in this project: Illinois, Ohio, Maine, Minnesota, New York,
North Carolina, Virginia, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, and the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation provided financial support for this endeavor.
Views on ‘accountability’ need to place greater
emphasis on (i) accountability for results (not only
expenditure targets or activities undertaken), and (ii)
accountability to local partners, including targeted
beneficiaries, rather than only to donor ‘audit’
requirements. Related to this point, attitudes about
‘who is in control’ need to give greater appreciation to
the importance of local ownership, and the practical
ways in which this can be supported.
As we said at the beginning, the aim of projects is to initiate change, to promote
innovation. One of the most difficult parts of project management is the process
of implementation, of taking the outcomes of projects and integrating them
into the everyday work of the institution. One of the reasons for this is the
special status of projects – they have special time and resources allocated to
them and those who are involved, both the project team and any students who
take part, are motivated by the experimental nature of the work....
Like outdoor air , indoor air contains a complex mixture of pollutants (chemical substances,
allergens and microbes) from different sources that changes with time.
Findings on the health effects of single air pollutants cannot necessarily be extended to
mixtures. Indeed, different chemicals may interact with each other and cause more (or
less) harmful effects than the sum of the effects caused by each chemical separately. Very
little is known about the combined effects of indoor air pollutants.
In July 2005, we reported on our first review of NOP.16 Overall, we concluded that AMS needed to strengthen its management controls for administering NOP. For example, AMS did not establish procedures for receiving, reviewing, or implementing Board recommendations for adding materials to the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances. We also found that AMS needed to develop and implement protocols for evaluating and resolving complaints.
Co-operative movement in Tripura started in 1949 and over the years there has been a
gradual expansion in size, numbers and volume of operations of Co-operative Societies in
the State. Now Co-operative Societies of diversified activities have come up and with the
growth of the Co-operative movement its accounting system also gets complicated. Audit of
Co-operatives has become a big job to complete it in time maintaining the quality and
The initiatives of government agencies and departments to use ICT tools and
applications, Internet and mobile devices to support good governance, strengthen existing
relationships and build new partnerships within civil society, are known as eGovernment
initiatives. As with e-commerce, eGovernment represents the introduction of a great wave of
technological innovation as well as government reinvention.
When you finish this chapter, you should: Describe the elements of organizational culture, discuss the importance of organizational subcultures, list four categories of artifacts through which corporate culture is deciphered, discuss the conditions under which cultural strength improves corporate performance, identify four strategies to change and strengthen an organizations culture, compare and contrast four strategies for merging organizational cultures.
According to the eminent medical educator,
Dr. Marshall Wolf, the fundamental skill
required to master the Art of Medicine is the
ability to accurately make critical—often
life-sustaining—decisions in the face of
incomplete data. Every trainee and practicing
physician will encounter common medical
conditions with a high degree of regularity,
and needs an approach to clinical decisionmaking
that is reflexive and yet retains the
nuanced recognition of the subtleties affecting
the individual patient.
Our study investigates how ultimate ownership structure and the corporate tax rate affect the equilibrium trade-off relation between manager ownership and debt in reducing agency costs. Considering the presence of the controlling shareholder, we find that higher corporate tax
rates strengthen the trade-off relation between manager ownership and debt while higher
control rights held by the controlling shareholder weaken it as well as the strengthening effect
of corporate tax rate.