Cancer is the second leading cause of death among women. Ideally, it is
desirable to prevent or at least to detect cancer in the precancerous stage.
Early detection is possible by using Papanicolaou’s (Pap) test for cervical
cancer, biopsies for endometrial cancer, and mammography for breast cancer.
History plays a more major role in the detection of colorectal cancer,
because having first-degree relatives with colon cancer; a history of colorectal,
breast, endometrial, or ovarian cancer; and a history of adenomatous
polyps or ulcerative colitis are identified risk factors....
Strengthening functioning systems to improve health outcomes will, in some cases, require new ways of thinking about
health investments and greater dialogue with partner countries about constraints and opportunities.
Today the emphasis in health and medical care is on prevention.
The American Medical Association Guide to Talking to Your
Doctor focuses on the importance of an effective patient-doctor
relationship in improving and maintaining your health and
reducing your health risks. Use this book as a tool to become an
informed, active healthcare participant and to take control of
your health and medical care.
Coordination means, at a minimum, that programming within and among U.S. agencies takes advantage of each
agency’s strengths, avoids duplication, and increases the efficiency and effectiveness of each dollar spent. Better coor-
dination of programs and delivery platforms provides opportunities to strengthen the integration of health services
at the point of delivery to meet more of the health care needs of individuals, as well as ensure satisfaction with and
increase demand for those services.
While there has been an increase in development assistance for health in
general, this aid is volatile — often driven by proﬁts and politics. Donor
governments are susceptible to the political agendas of their parliaments, plac-
ing a focus on short term results. Sustained health development does not ﬁt
Part of the solution lies in the harmonization or pooling of funds, focused
around a single country plan, that is ﬂexible and includes funding for both
recurrent and capital expenditures.
Under GHI, the U.S. has joined multilateral efforts involving the United Nations and others to accelerate progress
toward achieving Millennium Development Goals 1(c), 4, 5, and 6. For example, GHI is building on existing U.S. sup-
port to the GAVI Alliance to include vaccines that protect against pneumococcal disease and rotavirus. Similarly, GHI
is strengthening already close U.S. collaboration with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, as
well as sustaining its leadership in and commitment to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI). The U.S.
Drawing upon the MDG experience, this session offers an opportunity to reflect on how to put the empowerment of
women and girls and the protection of their rights at the centre of a future global agenda. Two related questions in this
regard are how gender equality could be strengthened by (a) modifying and broadening the indicators for MDG3 and (b)
by focusing on gender equality as a theme across the new development agenda. Many seem to propose a two-pronged
approach of mainstreaming and a standalone target for gender equality. ...
School-related gender-based violence
remains an obstacle to girls’ education.
Efforts to address school safety are needed
at all levels, including teacher training,
community intervention and ministerial
policy and practice. Ministries of Education
can send a clear message that gender-
based school violence will not be tolerated
by firmly and quickly prosecuting perpetra-
tors. Teacher training should include strong
messages about professional and ethical
This issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America focuses on an important
area in gastroenterology for both clinicians and researchers: neurogastroenterology
and gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders. GI motility
and functional GI disorders are common reasons for patients to see physicians.
Knowledge of GI motility disorders, including the evaluation and treatment of
these disorders, is important for gastroenterologists, clinicians, and health care
providers to appropriately care for these frequently seen patients in clinical
Rabbit medicine is a rapidly expanding area of veterinary practice and rabbits are now the third most popular mammalian pet in the UK. Vets are treating more sick rabbits than ever before, but many vets do not have the clinical experience required to give effective treatment. There is a wealth of information on rabbits available to vets, but much of this is from the laboratory animal field and often isn't applicable to the pet rabbit.
Administrative Medical Assisting, 4E is the most comprehensive hands-on text and workbook learning package available for medical office administration students. This revision features a new chapter on traditional and managed care settings, plus managed care topics integrated throughout where appropriate, such as managed care contracts, implications of managed care contracts on financial aspects of practices, referrals, and collection techniques in a managed care setting.
The purpose of this paper is to highlight some of the most signiﬁcant US sanctions risks
faced by persons that operate in the securities and investment marketplace, in order to encourage ﬁrms
to maintain comprehensive, risk-based compliance controls that will strengthen their ability to comply
with US sanctions regulations.
According to the eminent medical educator,
Dr. Marshall Wolf, the fundamental skill
required to master the Art of Medicine is the
ability to accurately make critical—often
life-sustaining—decisions in the face of
incomplete data. Every trainee and practicing
physician will encounter common medical
conditions with a high degree of regularity,
and needs an approach to clinical decisionmaking
that is reflexive and yet retains the
nuanced recognition of the subtleties affecting
the individual patient.
Thoracic manifestations of the rheumatic diseases (RDs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The five RDs most frequently associated with pleuropulmonary disease are (1) rheumatoid arthritis (RA), (2) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), (3) progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), (4) polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM), and (5) Sjögren syndrome (SS). The clinical presentation is highly variable, ranging from pleuritic pain alone to slowly progressive breathlessness accompanied by cough.