Xem 1-18 trên 18 kết quả Strengthening mechanisms
  • The main objective of this book is to show, in a logical sequence, a set of papers presenting new ideas that have been the result of the great advance in the knowledge of steel within the last few decades. Amongst the fundamental topics dealt with is the relationship between steel's properties in terms of its structure and composition and how this is affected by its surrounding environment (i.e. stresses, temperature, strains, etc.).

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  • Alignment and harmonization of sexual and reproductive health The 6 years since the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (4) have marked a significant change in awareness of the importance of coordination of resources for health and development – though reviews of progress at the Accra Agenda for Action in 2008 (4) suggested that there was a need for a greater shift towards alignment with government policies and national systems (such as monitoring and procurement) than had already occurred.

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  • Looking at a recent Cairns Group proposal on domestic support it can be seen that they want to strengthen the Green Box provision dealing with direct payments (including structural adjustment, environment and regional assistance) while capping overall spending on direct payments under the Green Box. As well, they hope to subject certain support sub-categories in the Box to reduction commitments. The Cairns Group paper further proposes to strengthen transparency, notification and review mechanisms to ensure programs meet the criteria set out in the Green Box.

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  • The GHI Strategy in Kenya identifies three broad focus areas: (1) health systems strengthening; (2) integrated service provision; and (3) creating awareness to create demand for available services. Applying these broad areas will potentially have their greatest measurable health benefits in substantially reducing unacceptably high rates of: (1) maternal, neonatal and child mortality and (2) morbidity and mortality from neglected tropical diseases.

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  • First established on a national scale in Europe in the 1960s, developing countries introduced school-based sexuality education in the 1980s. The emergence of HIV/AIDS gave many governments the impetus to strengthen and expand sexuality education efforts and, currently, more than 100 countries have such programs, including almost every country in sub-Saharan Africa (McCauley and Salter, 1995; Smith, Kippax, and Aggleton, 2000; Rosen and Conly, 1998). U.N.

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  • Malnutrition results from a complex set of factors and not one simple cause. The UNICEF conceptual model of causes of malnutrition (page 16) provides a useful framework for the discussion of the causes of malnutrition in Somalia. The volatile political situation and civil unrest have led to a chronic and continuing humanitarian crisis that is at the root of the high prevalence of malnutrition in Somalia. Somalia is also prone to drought and floods.

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  • Management of medicines and medical products has improved significantly in recent years due to strong political will and leadership within the MoH and the National Medical Stores.

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  • now is the time for all partners to join forces in a concerted effort. this means scaling up and prioritizing a package of high-impact interventions, strengthening health systems, and integrating efforts across diseases and sectors such as health, education, water, sanitation and nutrition. It also means promoting human rights, gender equality and poverty reduction. all actors should work to optimize current investments.

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  • Teaching is an ancient activity; it requires a predisposition and ability to transmit one’s own knowledge to others. It is also an innate quality that tends to strengthen over time, due to the interaction between teacher and pupil that develops and intensifies during their association, and to the ready availability of constantly improving teaching methods. Teaching is a predisposition to communication. It is a constant commitment that becomes a way of life and offers the capacity for self-renewal.

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  • SUMMING IT UP • The GMAT places less emphasis on writing style and mechanics than on content and organization—but these factors can influence the exam reader and affect your score if the way you write interferes with the reader’s understanding of your ideas. Keep your overall tone and voice relatively formal and try to vary sentence length. Work on writing as clearly and concisely as possible. If you feel as though you need to build your vocabulary to strengthen your essay writing, consult the Word List in Appendix C of this book. Watch your diction and use of idioms; make...

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  • Bertrand and Mullainathan (1998) illustrate the potential power of designs that consider interactions across governance mechanisms. They examine the impact on executive compensation of changes in states’ anti-takeover legislation. Adoption of anti-takeover legislation presumably reduces pressure on top managers. They attempt to distinguish between optimal contracting and skimming theories in explaining observed contracting arrangements.

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  • The development of MiFID will strengthen ESMA’s role in product intervention. The proposals seek to strengthen investor protection through an even stronger framework for the provision of investment services to retail clients and possibly a more proactive approach from NCAs.

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  • – THE GRE ANALYTICAL WRITING SECTION – Leave about one-quarter of the time allotted to go over your writing, briefly revising and editing your work. Even though you do not have a lot of time, use the following checklist to strengthen your writing, verify that your ideas are clear to your readers, and ensure that you have done your best work. C HECKLIST FOR I SSUE E SSAY Remember that while you should look for obvious spelling, grammar, or mechanical mistakes, it is essential that you present the big picture clearly.

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  • We are issuing 14 recommendations to NOP officials to improve program administration and internal controls. We recommend that NOP strengthen its enforcement procedures to determine what actions should be imposed on program violators, including civil penalties, and to timely issue the appropriate actions. We also recommend that officials timely resolve and track complaints from receipt through disposition.

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  • The Rule amendments also streamline and clarify the direct notice requirements to ensure that key information is presented to parents in a succinct “just-in-time” notice; expand the non- exhaustive list of acceptable methods for obtaining prior verifiable parental consent; create two new exceptions to the Rule’s notice and consent requirements; strengthen data security protections by requiring operators to take reasonable steps to release children’s personal information only to service providers and third parties who are capable of maintaining the confidentiality, security, an...

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  • Due to constraints to rapid scale up of interventions (restrictions in access, logistic, human and financial resources) a phased approach has been adopted. Activities for the first year (phase 1) are focused on the adaption and standardisation of tools, training and strengthening of structures and mechanisms in preparation for delivery of interventions in the subsequent years (Phase 2). The strategy is consistent with the United Nations Transition Plan (UNTP) for Somalia 2008-09 and has been included in the Reconstruction and Development Plan (RDP) for the next three years....

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  • Stakeholder and biodiversity at the local level is a three-year collaboration between the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC). Tropenbos International-Vietnam (TBI-V) has been a very helpful collaborator for coordinating the project activities. The project goal is to contribute to the enhancement of the livelihoods of local forest dependent communities and sustainable forest management.

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  • The WCO will provide technical assistance to define and implement a long-term strategic plan for strengthening the HIS nationwide and secure funds and resources for its implementation. It will support the revision of the tools for data collection and flow in the HIS, the supportive supervision system and feedback mechanism, and will update yearly the Service Availability Mapping (SAM), among other approaches.

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