We know that the path to becoming a physician is long and
rigorous. It is easy to become discouraged or overwhelmed
in your training years. However, the skills
you will acquire through the years of dedication and hard work are
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: A pilot study on peritraumatic dissociation and coping styles as risk factors for posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression in parents after their child's unexpected admission to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
After reading this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: What is stress, and how is it different than stressors and strains? What are the four main types of stressors? How do individuals cope with stress? How does the Type A Behavior Pattern influence the stress process? How does stress affect job performance and organizational commitment? What steps can organizations take to manage employee stress?
The same amount of water has been present on our planet for about 4 billion years, since shortly after the Earth was formed. Since then it has cycled through evaporation, condensation, precipitation and surface runoff multiple times. Water scarcity as an abiotic factor ranging from moderate to severe stress levels, accompanied by loss of moisture in the soil, is extremely hard for most organisms to cope with, particularly terrestrial plants and their food-chain dependents.
Women were among the first documented cases of AIDS (Corea, 1992; Shilts,
1987), and have continued to become infected, develop AIDS, and die, throughout
the course of this pandemic. Women have consistently constituted more than half
of those infected with HIV globally, while in the United States their representation
among those struck by AIDS has been increasing dramatically in recent years;
more new infections occur among women than men at the present time.
Almost 75 percent of the elderly (age 65 and over) have at
least one chronic illness.3 About 50 percent have at least
two chronic illnesses.3 Chronic conditions can lead to
severe and immediate disabilities, such as hip fractures and
stroke, as well as progressive disability that slowly erodes
the ability of elderly people to care for themselves.4
According to AHRQ’s 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel
Survey (MEPS),a about 14.3 percent of people age 65 and
over—4.5 million elderly Americans—require assistance
with bathing, dressing, preparing meals, or shopping.
Work can be a stressful place, wherever you earn your living, whether in an office, a factory, or a school. Some stress is good. It motivates us and makes us stronger. Too much stress is bad. It makes us irrational and it can, quite literally, kill us. Fortunately, there are specific things you can do that will help you reduce your stress at work and better cope with it.
Stress and university. These are not two words you often see together! Many people
recollect university as being the ‘best days of their lives’ or ‘a great laugh’ and we
hope that this will be the case for you too.
However, university is associated with huge change, and for most people change
brings stress. At university there is a need to be more proactive in your studies, your
social life and your ability to manage on your own.
Tunisia was the first Muslim country to introduce information
on reproduction and family planning in its school curriculum in
the early 1960s. By the early 1990s, reproductive health educa-
tion for both girls and boys had been incorporated into the
public school science curriculum.
Turkey stands out for its coverage of SRH topics in the school
curriculum and the willingness and openness of teachers to
discuss these issues in the classroom.
Mental health is a fundamental element of the resilience, health assets, capabilities and positive
adaptation that enable people both to cope with adversity and to reach their full potential and
humanity. Mental health is also the key to understanding the impact of inequalities on health and
other outcomes. It is abundantly clear that the chronic stress of struggling with material disadvantage
is intensified to a very considerable degree by doing so in more unequal societies.
The experience of breast cancer can also create challenges for a marriage or signif-
icant relationship. Difficulties include communication problems, difficulty coping and
sexual dysfunction (one study found that approximately 50% of women with cancer had
at least one diagnosed sexual dysfunction during the posttreatment year) (Anderson,Ander-
son, & DeProsse, 1989). However, research suggests that when marriages are strong
before the development of breast cancer, the disease does not usually disrupt the relation-
ship, and may result in an even closer relationship (Oktay & Walter, 1991).
There are a number of compelling reasons for all physicians to possess knowledge
and skill in the behavioral and social sciences. Perhaps most important is
that roughly half of the causes of mortality in the United States are linked to
social and behavioral factors. In addition, our nation’s population is aging and
becoming more culturally diverse. Both of these trends highlight the need for
enhanced physician capabilities in the behavioral and social sciences.
Azagba and Sharaf Health Economics Review 2011, 1:15 http://www.healtheconomicsreview.com/content/1/1/15
The effect of job stress on smoking and alcohol consumption
Sunday Azagba* and Mesbah F Sharaf
Abstract This paper examines the effect of job stress on two key health risk-behaviors: smoking and alcohol consumption, using data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey. Findings in the extant literature are inconclusive and are mainly based on standard models which can model differential responses to job stress only by observed characteristics.
Some might say that those who died are the lucky ones, while the
survivors have to make sense of changed worlds: worlds with missing
friends and relatives; worlds with too little food, warmth, and education;
worlds that are suddenly unsafe; worlds in which the externals may not
have changed but the individual’s interpretation of the world is funda-
Because of these vulnerabilities, climate change is likely to reduce further already
low incomes and increase illness and death rates in developing countries. Falling
farm incomes will increase poverty and reduce the ability of households to invest in a
better future, forcing them to use up meagre savings just to survive. At a national
level, climate change will cut revenues and raise spending needs, worsening public
Many developing countries are already struggling to cope with their current climate.
The policy implications of these trade-offs are intimately related to those that surround
the debate on the treatment of systemically important financial institutions (SIFIs) viewed
as too-important-to-fail (TITF). The growing complexity and interconnectedness of financial
institutions, coupled with the lack of effective cross-border resolution regimes, have
undermined market discipline, contributed to excessive risk taking, and compromised the
ability of home and host authorities to cope with the failure of TITF institutions.
Denial is one of the best-developed coping refl exes in health care
workers, particularly in physicians and nurses. It exists on several
levels, and it is provoked by a number of different but related dynamics.
Most of us in health care—in the profession of caring for patients—
have thought of denial as a self-protective reaction, a shield against the
emotional and psychic turmoil of the environment in which we work.
And for physicians and nurses, where they work is essentially where
It is a well-worked and commonly described dynamic.
The beneficial aspects of stress diminish when it is severe enough to over-
whelm a child’s ability to cope effectively. Intensive and prolonged stress
can lead to a variety of short- and long-term negative health effects.
It can disrupt early brain development and compromise functioning of the
nervous and immune systems. In addition, childhood stress can lead
to health problems later in life including alcoholism, depression, eating
disorders, heart disease, cancer, and other chronic diseases.
Many women with ovarian cancer want to take an
active part in making decisions about their medical
care. It is natural to want to learn all you can about
your disease and treatment choices. Knowing more
about ovarian cancer helps many women cope.
Shock and stress after the diagnosis can make it
hard to think of everything you want to ask your
doctor. It often helps to make a list of questions before
an appointment. To help remember what your doctor
says, you may take notes or ask whether you may use a
tape recorder. You may also want to have a family
member or friend with you when you...