Xem 1-20 trên 282 kết quả Structural evaluation
  • The idea of “nugget pyramids” has recently been introduced as a refinement to the nugget-based methodology used to evaluate answers to complex questions in the TREC QA tracks. This paper examines data from the 2006 evaluation, the first large-scale deployment of the nugget pyramids scheme. We show that this method of combining judgments of nugget importance from multiple assessors increases the stability and discriminative power of the evaluation while introducing only a small additional burden in terms of manual assessment. ...

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  • In this chapter we introduce the main, and first, concepts that one has to grasp in order to build, evaluate, purchase and sell financial structured products. Structured finance denotes the art (and science) of designing financial products to satisfy the different needs of investors and borrowers as closely as possible. In this sense, it represents a specific technique and operation of the financial intermediation business. In fact, the traditional banking activity, i.e.

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  • One of the greatest challenges faced by the food scientist is man himself with his highly sensitive oral equipment for evaluating food texture. The recognition of this challenge leads immediately to two questions: ‘How can we characterize the texture of foodstuffs in a manner that will reflect human perceptions?’ and, then, ‘How may we preserve, formulate and process products in a way that will be acceptable to the consumer?’

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  • Tham khảo sách 'inspection, evaluation, and repair of hydraulic steel structures', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • This manual describes the inspection, evaluation, and repair of hydraulic steel structures, including preinspection identification of critical locations (such as fracture critical members and various connections) that require close examination. Nondestructive testing techniques that may be used during periodic inspections or detailed structural inspections are discussed. Guidance is provided on material testing to determine the chemistry, strength, ductility, hardness, and toughness of the base and weld metal....

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  • In this study, structural features of Tricholoma matsutake polysaccharide (TMP-A) were investigated by a combination of infrared (IR) spectra, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The results indicated that TMP-A had a backbone of 1,4-- d-glucopyranose residue which branches at O-6 based on the experimental results. The branches were mainly composed of an (1→3)--d-galactopyranose residue, and terminated with -d-xylopyranose residue.

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  • 1. Data Structure 1.1 What is the data structure 1.2 Basic data structure 1.3 Problem-oriented data structure 2. Algorithm 2.1 Basic of Algorithm 2.2 Various algorithm 2.3 Evaluation of algorithm 2.4 How to design algorithm 3. Internal Design 3.1 What id internal design 3.2 Functional partitioning and structuring 3.3 Physical data design 3.4 Detailed input-output design 3.5 Creation and reuse of parts 3.6 Creating internal

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  • Tham khảo sách 'us army corps of engineer inspection evaluation and repair of hydraulic steel structures', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf0p chipmoon 19-07-2012 26 4   Download

  • We present a novel approach to grammatical error correction based on Alternating Structure Optimization. As part of our work, we introduce the NUS Corpus of Learner English (NUCLE), a fully annotated one million words corpus of learner English available for research purposes. We conduct an extensive evaluation for article and preposition errors using various feature sets. Our experiments show that our approach outperforms two baselines trained on non-learner text and learner text, respectively. ...

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  • This study has two main goals: to construct a measuring instrument with which to evaluate the structural quality of faceted thesauri; and to determine the validity and reliability of this measuring instrument. The measuring instrument consists of gods, objectives, and criteria against which to measure the structural quality of faceted thesauri.

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  • Automated essay scoring is now an established capability used from elementary school through graduate school for purposes of instruction and assessment. Newer applications provide automated diagnostic feedback about student writing. Feedback includes errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics, comments about writing style, and evaluation of discourse structure. This paper reports on a system that evaluates a characteristic of lower quality essay writing style: repetitious word use.

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  • After completing this lesson, you should be able to do the following: Compare and evaluate the different storage structures Examine different data access methods Implement different partitioning methods

    ppt26p trinh02 28-01-2013 24 2   Download

  • The enzymatic kinetics of glycoside hydrolase family 7 cellobiohydrolase (Cel7A) towards highly crystalline celluloses at the solid–liquid interface was evaluated by applying the novel concept of surface density (q) of the enzyme, which is defined as the amount of adsorbed enzyme divided by the maximum amount of adsorbed enzyme.

    pdf10p inspiron33 25-03-2013 14 2   Download

  • In this work, we introduce the TESLACELAB metric (Translation Evaluation of Sentences with Linear-programming-based Analysis – Character-level Evaluation for Languages with Ambiguous word Boundaries) for automatic machine translation evaluation. For languages such as Chinese where words usually have meaningful internal structure and word boundaries are often fuzzy, TESLA-CELAB acknowledges the advantage of character-level evaluation over word-level evaluation.

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  • Existing evaluation metrics for machine translation lack crucial robustness: their correlations with human quality judgments vary considerably across languages and genres. We believe that the main reason is their inability to properly capture meaning: A good translation candidate means the same thing as the reference translation, regardless of formulation. We propose a metric that evaluates MT output based on a rich set of features motivated by textual entailment, such as lexical-semantic (in-)compatibility and argument structure overlap.

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  • Prior approaches to sentence compression have taken low level syntactic constraints into account in order to maintain grammaticality. We propose and successfully evaluate a more comprehensive, generalizable feature set that takes syntactic and structural relationships into account in order to sustain variable compression rates while making compressed sentences more coherent, grammatical and readable.

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  • We evaluate the accuracy of an unlexicalized statistical parser, trained on 4K treebanked sentences from balanced data and tested on the PARC DepBank. We demonstrate that a parser which is competitive in accuracy (without sacrificing processing speed) can be quickly tuned without reliance on large in-domain manuallyconstructed treebanks. This makes it more practical to use statistical parsers in applications that need access to aspects of predicate-argument structure.

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  • Dependency analysis of natural language has gained importance for its applicability to NLP tasks. Non-projective structures are common in dependency analysis, therefore we need fine-grained means of describing them, especially for the purposes of machine-learning oriented approaches like parsing. We present an evaluation on twelve languages which explores several constraints and measures on non-projective structures. We pursue an edge-based approach concentrating on properties of individual edges as opposed to properties of whole trees. ...

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  • The STOP system, which generates personalised smoking-cessation letters, was evaluated by a randomised controlled clinical trial. We believe this is the largest and perhaps most rigorous task effectiveness evaluation ever performed on an NLG system. The detailed results of the clinical trial have been presented elsewhere, in the medical literature.

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  • This paper discusses two problems that arise in the Generation of Referring Expressions: (a) numeric-valued attributes, such as size or location; (b) perspective-taking in reference. Both problems, it is argued, can be resolved if some structure is imposed on the available knowledge prior to content determination. We describe a clustering algorithm which is sufficiently general to be applied to these diverse problems, discuss its application, and evaluate its performance. close’ on the given dimension, and ‘sufficiently distant’ from those of their distractors. ...

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