Structure addition

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  • n view of the growing importance of product liability and the demand for fulfillment of extreme specifications for new products, this book provides the basic tools for establishing model equations in structural mechanics. Additionally, it illustrates the transition and interrelation between structural mechanics and structural optimization. Nowadays, this new direction is extremely important for more efficiency in the design process. The book is divided into four parts covering the fundamentals of elasticity, plane and curved load-bearing structures and structural optimization.

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  • With many 'flexible' structures such as large span bridges, tall buildings, towers, cable roofs, etc., being built, the need to understand the dynamics behavior of structures has become a necessity for many engineers. The recent problems with the millinium bridge is simply another reminder. The many devastating earthquakes in many parts of the world leading to severe loss of life in densely inhabited urban areas alos has underlined the need for a fundamental understanding of structural behavior.

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  • The Context-Free backbone of some natural language analyzers produces all possible CF parses as some kind of shared forest, from which a single tree is to be chosen by a disambiguation process that may be based on the finer features of the language. We study the structure of these forests with respect to optimality of sharing, and in relation with the parsing schema used to produce them. In addition to a theoretical and experimental framework for studying these issues, the main results presented are: sophistication in chart parsing schemata (e.g.

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  • Widely accepted resources for semantic parsing, such as PropBank and FrameNet, are not perfect as a semantic role labeling framework. Their semantic roles are not strictly defined; therefore, their meanings and semantic characteristics are unclear. In addition, it is presupposed that a single semantic role is assigned to each syntactic argument. This is not necessarily true when we consider internal structures of verb semantics. We propose a new framework for semantic role annotation which solves these problems by extending the theory of lexical conceptual structure (LCS). ...

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  • Our study investigates how ultimate ownership structure and the corporate tax rate affect the equilibrium trade-off relation between manager ownership and debt in reducing agency costs. Considering the presence of the controlling shareholder, we find that higher corporate tax rates strengthen the trade-off relation between manager ownership and debt while higher control rights held by the controlling shareholder weaken it as well as the strengthening effect of corporate tax rate.

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  • To elucidate the architectural principle of protein structure, we focused on sequestration from solvent, which is a common characteristic of folding and self-associative precipitation. Because protein solubility can be regarded as a basis for the potential ability to sequester from solvent, we assume that poorly soluble proteins tend not only to precipitate, but also to form solution structures.

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  • A combination of five thermostabilizing mutations, Gly23fiAla, His62fiPro, Val74fiLeu, Lys95fiGly, and Asp134fiHis, has been shown to additively enhance the thermostability of Escherichia coliRN-ase HI [Akasako A, Haruki M, Oobatake M & Kanaya S (1995)Biochem-istry 34,8115–8122]. In this study, we determined the crystal structure of the protein with these mutations (5H-RNase HI) to analyze the effects of the mutations on the structure in detail.

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  • The idea of “nugget pyramids” has recently been introduced as a refinement to the nugget-based methodology used to evaluate answers to complex questions in the TREC QA tracks. This paper examines data from the 2006 evaluation, the first large-scale deployment of the nugget pyramids scheme. We show that this method of combining judgments of nugget importance from multiple assessors increases the stability and discriminative power of the evaluation while introducing only a small additional burden in terms of manual assessment. ...

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  • This paper presents a new formalization of a unification- or join-preserving encoding of partially ordered sets that more essentially captures what it means for an encoding to preserve joins, generalizing the standard definition in AI research. It then shows that every statically typable ontology in the logic of typed feature structures can be encoded in a data structure of fixed size without the need for resizing or additional union-find operations.

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  • The f o r m a l i s m consists o f two parts: 1. A declarative description phrase-structures and t h e i r translation. of basic associated additional syntactic semantic grammar. PSGs have efficient algorithms for parsing [3]. In a sense, all o f the work of transformations has been pushed off into a p r e - p r o c e s s i n g phase w h e r e new g r a m m a r rules are d e r i v e d .

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  • These are special words and phrases directly indicating the structure of the argument to the hearer. Two main conclusions are drawn: I) clue words can occur in conjunction with coherent transmissions, to reduce processing of the hearer 2) clue words must occur with more complex forms of transmission, to facilitate recognition of the argument structure. Interpretation rules to process clues are proposed. In addition, a relationship between use of clues and complexity of processing is suggested for the case of exceptional transmission strategies. ...

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  • Chapter 13 - Control structures. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Conditional constructs, iteration constructs, problem solving using control structures, additional c control structures.

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  • Suitable for intermediate to advanced learners of English, Collins COBUILD Business Vocabulary in Practice provides comprehensive coverage of today’s business vocabulary in a clear, easy-to-use format. The text has been illustrated with thousands of examples of real English from the Bank of English, to help students write, speak, and understand English better.

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  • New Headway Intermediate is a practical and imaginative addition to the New Headway English Course. Its aim is to help students to express themselves both clearly and confidently, by training them in the key areas of pronunciation, in particulary the production of individual sounds, word and sentence stress and intonation. The course, with its accompanying audio cd, is suitable for self-study as well as for classroom use.

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  • Problem Description Your job will be to analyze various components of a mountain bicycle. We will start with the pedal. Let’s assume a 200 lb person riding this bike is standing, balanced evenly on each pedal. Material (Steel) properties as specified below. Use a rough analysis to determine where the high stress areas exist that will require additional mesh refinement.

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  • This book—which can be used alone, along with another writing-skills text of your choice, or in combination with the LearningExpress publication,Writing Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day—will give you practice dealing with capitalization, punctuation, basic grammar, sentence structure, organization, paragraph development, and essay writing. It is designed to be used by individuals working on their own and for teachers or tutors helping students learn or review basic writing skills.

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  • This specification covers carbon steel shapes, plates, and bars of structural quality for use in riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes. 1.2 Supplementary requirements are provided for use where additional testing or additional restrictions are required by the purchaser. Such requirements apply only when specified in the purchase order. 1.3 When the steel is to be welded, a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service is to be utilized.

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  • The teaching and the practicing of corporate finance are more challenging and exciting than ever before. The last decade has seen fundamental changes in financial markets and financial instruments. In the early years of the 21st century, we still see announcements in the financial press about such matters as takeovers, junk bonds, financial restructuring, initial public offerings, bankruptcy, and derivatives. In addition, there is the new recognition of “real” options (Chapters 21 and 22), private equity and venture capital (Chapter 19), and the disappearing dividend (Chapter 18).

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  • Engineering and Food for the third millenniumthat is compliant with the requirements of globalization and new technologies, is one of the most significant additions to the Food Preservation Technology Series. This bookis the result of a tremendous effort by the authors, the publisher and editors to put together, as never before, a comprehensive overview on what is current in food engineering.

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  • This is textbook full English grammar, providing the basic knowledge to start learning. English Grammar for common people. Hope to help you regain lost knowledge portion as well as additional knowledge is lacking in English. hihi .. - Mao from uncertainty - Pronouns and possessive - Relative pronouns - Pronouns and adjectives to - Prepositions.

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