Xem 1-20 trên 246 kết quả Structure and meaning
  • This book has been written to help teachers develop an understanding of those aspects of English that are especially relevant when teaching learners who speak other languages. It provides an overview of the forms, structures and functions that frequently occur in English and need to be known by learners. The word ‘grammar’ is used here to describe not only how words and sentences fit together, but also how English is structured at other levels of the language, including sounds, vocabulary and texts....

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  • The topics covered here describe the "meaningful chunks" of English sentence structure. In so doing they examine key grammatical principles underlying effective reading and writing. When discussing speech, we say we know something when we can...

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  • The aspectual makeup of Perfect participles and the. interpretations of the Perfect ... tual makeup of the participial VP – both in terms of the Aktionsart of the ...

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  • If natural language had been designed by a logician, idioms would not exist. They are a feature of discourse that frustrates any simple logical account of how the meanings of utterances depend on the meanings of their parts and on the syntactic relation among those parts. Idioms are transparent to native speakers, but a course of perplexity to those who are acquiring a second language. If someone tells me that Mrs. Thatcher has become the Queen of Scotland, I am likely to say: "That's a tall story.

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  • This book is an introduction to Word Grammar, a theory of language structure founded and developed by Dick Hudson. In this theory, language is a cognitive network - a network of concepts, words and meanings containing all the elements of a linguistic analysis. The theory of language is therefore embedded in a theory of knowledge, in which there are no boundaries between one form of.

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  • It has long been recognised that an appreciation of the role of structure is essential to the understanding of architecture. It was Vitruvius, writing at the time of the founding of the Roman Empire, who identified the three basic components of architecture as firmitas, utilitas and venustas and Sir Henry Wooton, in the seventeenth century1, who translated these as ‘firmness’, ‘commodity’ and ‘delight’.

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  • Types of Segments Segments are space-occupying objects in a database. They use space in the data files of a database. This section describes the different types of segments. Table A table is the most common means of storing data within a database. A table segment stores that data for a table that is neither clustered nor partitioned. Data within a table segment is stored in no particular order, and the database administrator (DBA) has very little control over the location of rows within the blocks in a table. All the data in a table segment must be stored in one tablespace.

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  • What has received much less attention is how mega-events are related to urban processes, for they often transform urban space through the erection of landmark structures or through the renewal of urban space such as plazas or parks or new housing/ retail developments. The extensive urban waterfront development in Barcelona for the 1992 Olympics is a particularly outstanding case in point (de Moragas Spa and Botella, 1994).

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  • This paper describes an operational system which can acquire the core meanings of words without any prior knowledge of either the category or meaning of any words it encounters. The system is given as input, a description of sequences of scenes along with sentences which describe the [EVENTS] taking place as those scenes unfold, and produces as output, a lexicon consisting of the category and meaning of each word in the input, that allows the sentences to describe the [EVENTS]. It is argued, that each of the three main components of the system, the parser, the linker and the...

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  • Topological Dependency Grammar (TDG) is a lexicalized dependency grammar formalism, able to model languages with a relatively free word order. In such languages, word order variation often has an important function: the realization of information structure. The paper discusses how to integrate information structure into TDG, and presents a constraint-based approach to modelling information structure and the various means to realize it, focusing on (possibly simultaneous use of) word order and tune. ...

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  • The paper introduces a grammar formalism for defining the set of sentences in a language, a set of labeled trees (not the derivation trees of the grammar) for the representation of the interpretation of the sentences, and the (possibly non-projective) correspondence between subtrees of each tree and substrings of the related sentence. The grammar formalism is motivated by the linguistic approach (adopted at GETA) where a multilevel interpretative structure is associated to a sentence.

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  • The solution structure ofNereis diversicolorsarcoplasmic calcium-binding protein (NSCP) in the calcium-bound form was determined by NMR spec-troscopy, distance geometry and simulated annealing. Based on 1859 NOE restraints and 262 angular restraints, 17 structures were generated with a rmsd of 0.87 A ˚ from the mean structure. The solution structure, which is highly similar to the structure obtained by X-ray crystallography, includes two open EF-hand domains, which are in close contact through their hydrophobic surfaces....

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  • Intuitively, a Ruantifier is any word or phrase that expresses a meaning that answers one of the questions "How many?" or "How much?" Typical English examples include all, no, many, few, some but not many, all but at most a ver~ few, wherever, whoever, whoever there is, and also, it can be argued, 0nly (Keenan, 1971), also (Cushing, 1978b), and the (Chomsky, 1977). In this paper we review an empirically motivated analysis of such meanings (Cushing, 1976; 1982a) and draw out its computational significance.

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  • The formal architecture of Lexical Functional Grammar offers a particular formal device, the structural correspondence, for modularizing the mapping between the surface forms of a language and representations of their underlying meanings. This approach works well when the structural discrepancies between form and meaning representations are finitely bounded, but there are some phenomena in natural language, e.g. adverbs in English, where this restriction does not hold.

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  • There are fifteen questions in part A. Forty percent are simple sentences, others are complex sentences. All the words and phrases in the four answers are grammatically correct when considered independently. But just only one’s is correct about meaning. You should spend time to find out what type of structure is need to form complete sentence. Don’t waste time to find the error in the answers.

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  • Do your students have trouble with words that sound alike but have different meanings? Do they use the wrong meaning for words that are spelled alike? This special 190-page reproducible is just what you need. It has: * Separate sections devoted to Antonyms (opposites), Synonyms (words with similar meanings), Homophones (sound-alike words, spelled differently with different meanings) and Homographs (spelled-alike words with different meanings).

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  • Packed with tables, diagrams, and numerous example sentences, and assuming no prior knowledge of grammatical concepts on the part of the reader, this volume offers an unmatched guide to the structure of contemporary English. Arranged in three clear parts for ease of use, the Grammar's comprehensive coverage ranges from the very basic--such as word structure, simple and complex phrases, and clause types--to the more sophisticated topics that lie at the intersection of grammar and meaning, including tense and aspect, mood and modality, and information structuring....

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  • Beginning HTML5 and CSS3 is your introduction to the new features and elements of HTML5—as a web developer you'll learn about all the leaner, cleaner, and more efficient code available now with HTML5, along with some new tools that will allow you to create more meaningful and richer content. For everyone involved in web design, this book also introduces the new structural integrity and styling flexibility of CSS 3—which means better-looking pages and smarter content in your website projects.

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  • This book is intended for the use of individual students and teachers. No part of this book may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, for commercial purposes, without permission in writing from the author.

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  • Sociology is a curious discipline. Its objects of attention are both the taken-for-granted and the exceptional. It looks at the everyday experience and the extraordinary events as problematic; suffused with simultaneous and conflicting yet flourishing negotiations. Moved by this insight Peter Berger opened up his famed book with this poignant statement: “It can be said that the first wisdom of sociology is this: things are not what they seem…. Social reality turns out to have many layers of meaning. The discovery of each new layer changes the perception of the whole.

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