All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every
occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark
owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have
been printed with initial caps.
FOWLER FIRST CERTIFICATE Use of English is entirely devoted to the Use of English Paper and offers comprehensive coverage and extensive practice of the skills and techniques needed to do well in Paper 3.
FOWLER FIRST CERTIFICATE Use of English offers:
Five sections guiding students through the five exam-type questions plus a sixth section to be used for revision and additional practice of structures and language.
Recycling and consolidation of grammar and vocabulary already covered in the Coursebook.
number of books on various aspects of concrete design and detailing have
been published but this is believed to be the first comprehensive detailing
manual. The aim of this book is to cover a wide range of topics, so simplifying
and reducing the work required to prepare structural drawings and details in
reinforced, prestressed, precast and composite concrete.
The book initially provides a list of extracts from relevant codes and current
practices. Where drawings are carried out using imperial units, a conversion
table is provided to change them into SI units.
The modelling of mechanical systems provides engineers and students with the methods to model and understand mechanical systems by using both mathematical and computer-based tools. Written by an eminent authority in the field, this is the second of four volumes which provide engineers with a comprehensive resource on this cornerstone mechanical engineering subject.
Dealing with continuous systems, this book covers solid mechanics, beams, plates and shells.
There is a choice of books on securitization, collateralized debt obligations
(CDOs), and structured credit products. In fact, both of
us have written other books on the subject. This book, however, was
conceived as a short, handy and easy-to-comprehend guide to securitization,
minus technical details. The idea originated while both of
us were working on a comprehensive article on securitization: One
which says it all in a limited space and serves as a curtain-raiser
on the subject.
This work develops and defends a structural view of the nature of mathematics,
which is used to explain a number of striking features of mathematics
that have puzzled philosophers for centuries. It rejects the most widely
held philosophical view of mathematics (Platonism), according to which
mathematics is a science dealing with mathematical objects such as sets and
numbers—objects which are believed not to exist in the physical world.
In no department of Pathology has advance been so fitful and interrupted as in that dealing with blood changes
in various forms of disease, though none now offers a field that promises such an abundant return for an equal
expenditure of time and labour.
Observations of great importance were early made by Wharton Jones, Waller, and Hughes Bennett in this
country, and by Virchow and Max Schultze in Germany.
Most enterprises deal with a single end product, which indicates the high degree of specialisation
of the enterprises in Jepara. The vast majority (95.5%) are enterprises run by a single extended
family, while relatively few involved two (4.3%) or three (0.2%) separate families or lineages. Almost
all enterprises had at least one other regular partner enterprise, even if there were no links in
the ownership of the enterprises.
This article is dealing with the study on the heterogeneous graft-reaction of maleic anhydride onto polyethylene. The reaction was carried out on the brabender mixer extruder. The optimal reaction conditions were found as follows, the temperature: 190o C, the reaction time: 6 minutes, the screw speed: 60 r/min., the %weight content of PE, MA and DCP: 80, 1.5 and 0.2, respectively. The success of the reaction was confirmed by the IR-spectroscopy, contact angles measurements and mechanical property testing.
A recent OECD report on infrastructure (see OECD 2011b) notes that in order to promote
infrastructure investment by pension funds, a better alignment of interests between pension funds and the
infrastructure industry is required in terms of: fees (which are too high); the structure of funds (which are
too concentrated); and the investment horizon (which is too short). Improvements on these fronts would
also help improve the deal flow into green projects.
About Lafferty: Raphael Aloysius Lafferty (November 7, 1914 - March 18, 2002) was an American science fiction and fantasy writer known for his original use of language, metaphor, and narrative structure, as well as for his etymological wit. He also wrote a set of four autobiographical novels, In a Green Tree; a history book, The Fall of Rome; and a number of novels that could be more or less loosely called historical fiction. Lafferty was born on 7 November 1914 in Neola, Iowa to Hugh David Lafferty (a broker dealing in oil leases and royalties) and Julia Mary Burke, a...
This paper proposes a new class-based m e t h o d to estimate the strength of association in word co-occurrence for the purpose of structural disambiguation. To deal with sparseness of data, we use a conceptual dictionary as the source for acquiring upper classes of the words related in t h e co-occurrence, and then use t-scores to determine a pair of classes to be employed for calculating the strength of association. We have applied our m e t h o d to determining dependency relations in Japanese and prepositional phrase attachments in English. ...
If a q.a. system tries to transform an English question directly into the simplest possible formulation of the corresponding data base query, discrepancies between the English lexicon and the structure of the data base cannot be handled well. To be able to deal with such discrepancies in a systematic way, the PHLIQAI system distinguishes different levels of semantic representation; it contains modules which translate from one level to another, as well as a module which simplifies expressions within one level.
The Head-driven Phrase Structure G r a m m a r project ( H P S G ) is an English language database query system under development at Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. Unlike other product-oriented efforts in the natural language understanding field, the H P S G system was designed and implemented by linguists on the basis of recent theoretical developments. But, unlike other implementations of linguistic theories, this system is not a toy, as it deals with a variety of practical problems not covered in the theoretical literature. ...
Use of Lambek's (1958) categorial grammar for linguistic work has generally been rather limited. There appear to be two main reasons for this: the notations most commonly used can sometimes obscure the structure of proofs and fail to clearly convey linguistic structure, and the cMculus as it stands is apparently not powerful enough to describe many phenomena encountered in natural language. In this paper we suggest ways of dealing with both these deficiencies.
As the EU sovereign debt crisis is in its second year, the lack of an accepted mechanism
to deal with it is becoming dangerous to the integrity of the Euro and the EU itself.
Several EU member countries found themselves in severe economic straights as the 2008
banking crisis and the ensuing recession forced them to face liquidity crises arising from a
number of long term problems that were accentuated and made more severe.
Theodes of semantic interpretation which wish to capture as many generalizations as possible must face up to the manifoldly ambiguous and contextually dependent nature of word meaning? In this paper I present a two-level scheme of semantic interpretation in which the first level deals with the semantic consequences of'syntactic structure and the second with the choice of word meaning.
Thls article deals with the interpretation of conceptual operations underlying the communicative use of natural language (NL) within the Structured Inheritance Network (Sl-Nets) paradigm. The operations are reduced to functions of a f o ~ a l language, thus changing the level of abstraction of the operations to be performed on SI-Nets. In this sense, operations on SI-Nets are not merely isomorphic to single epistemologleal objects, but can be viewed as a simulation of processes on a different level, that pertaining to the conceptual system of NL.
In this presentation, we covered: Dealing with node-based allocation with arrays; internally, it is still a linked list, only the nodes are contiguous in memory; it is no longer necessary to call the operating system for each new node; doubling the memory used is straight-forward; to halve the memory used, we just follow the linked list.
In this chapter, we look at the history and development of Linux, and cover the user and programmer interfaces that Linux presents interfaces that owe a great deal to the UNIX tradition. We also discuss the internal methods by which Linux implements these interfaces. However, since Linux has been designed to run as many standard UNIX applications as possible, it has much in common with existing UNIX implementations. We do not duplicate the basic description of UNIX given in the previous chapter.