Weeds severely affect crop quality and yield. Therefore, successful farming relies on their control by coordinated management approaches. Among these, chemical herbicides are of key importance. Their development and commercialization began in the 1940's and they allowed for a qualitative increase in crop yield and quality when it was most needed. This book blends review chapters with scientific studies, creating an overview of some the current trends in the field of herbicides.
Development of efficient and effective road network is the most important policy agenda for sustainable urban area development and growth in the study area. Urban area has been quickly expanding towards the outer areas along major roads. Dramatic population increase expected in the future requires a huge amount of urban areas for housing and other socio-economic activities. In order to support and guide these development demands properly, well articulated road network is the must.
This book on investigative electrocardiography is addressed to investigators who are
using electrocardiology as a research tool in epidemiological or clinical research or
in investigations on possible adverse responses of new pharmacological agents. The
primary emphasis of the book is on prognostic implications of ECG abnormalities in
the conditions covered, including the prevalence and incidence of ECG abnormalities in
We excluded from our book cardiac disorders with a relatively low population prevalence
that otherwise may be of great clinical interest.
which allows users to download, copy and build upon published articles even for commercial purposes, as long as the author and publisher are properly credited, which ensures maximum dissemination and a wider impact of our publications. After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it, in whole or part, in any publication of which they are the author, and to make other personal use of the work. Any republication,
Population geneticists study the genetic composition and variability of natural
populations as well as the theories that explain this variability in terms of natural
selection, mutation, recombination, genetic drift and gene flow. Population genetics
was first developed among eukaryotes in an attempt to reconcile Darwin’s theory of
evolution by natural selection and Mendelian genetics. When Darwin postulated that
natural selection is the main force of evolutionary change, a great controversy was
Midwives and maternity services face considerable challenges but also
unparalleled opportunities in providing and maintaining high quality
midwifery services. The importance of high quality maternity services to
the health and wellbeing of the population is increasingly recognised by
women and their families, by policy makers and by clinical staff.
Understanding and meeting rising expectations is a key component of
The Council of Europe has a long tradition of producing population studies, and the work of the European Population Committee contributes to the understanding of the relationship between social policy and demographic issues in Europe. The ﬁndings of this work are published in the series Population studies, where topics covered include migration ﬂows, national minorities, demographic changes and the labour market, the ageing of European populations and the demographic consequences of economic transition. These publications provide...
At the beginning, specialists tried to diagnose the stage of periodontal disease depending
on the relation between the clinical appearances and the presence of some specific cell
populations or specific matrix components (Havemose-Poulsen & Holmstrup, 1997;
Romanos et al., 1993).
The OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to
address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at
the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and
concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an
ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy
experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to co-ordinate
domestic and international policies....
The advance of chemicals in industry during the XX century gave rise to a number of highly
aggressive compounds to human beings, and that altered the ecosystems balancing. Human
population is inevitably exposed to environmental pollution through air-degraded products,
water, the soil and food and their introduction into the food chain (Gomez et al, 2011).
The use of pesticides has been recognized and accepted as an essential ingredient in the modern
agriculture for the control of pests, which damage crops and as a result, they produce a severe
loss in food production.
Since the 1930s, the USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture) Forest
Service’s International Institute of Tropical Forestry (the Institute) has
studied mahogany and its management. In the 1960s, F.B. Lamb, the author
of the classic book on mahogany (1966), was an Institute collaborator.
Before gene flow and genetic erosion became popular terms, my predecessor
Frank Wadsworth established a gene bank at the Luquillo Experimental
About 70% of the worlds population dwells in coastal zones. With
the economic and population growth, the shortage in freshwater supply
becomes increasingly acute. With surface water more and more depleted and
polluted, coastal communities have turned to groundwater to make up for the
shortfall. For domestic supply purposes, the percentage of groundwater use
has increased to more than 40% on a worldwide basis.
This textbook is intended for use in a one- or two-semester undergraduate course in
materials science that is primarily populated by chemical and materials engineering
students. This is not to say that biomedical, mechanical, electrical, or civil engineering
students will not be able to utilize this text, nor that the material or its presentation is
unsuitable for these students.
Cellular automata make up a class of completely discrete dynamical systems, which have became a core subject in the sciences of complexity due to their conceptual simplicity, easiness of implementation for computer simulation, and their ability to exhibit a wide variety of amazingly complex behavior. The feature of simplicity behind complexity of cellular automata has attracted the researchers' attention from a wide range of divergent fields of study of science, which extend from the exact disciplines of mathematical physics up to the social ones, and beyond....
Mathematics in Action: Prealgebra Problem Solving, Third Edition, is intended to help college
mathematics students gain mathematical literacy in the real world and simultaneously
help them build a solid foundation for future study in mathematics and other disciplines.
Our authoring team used the AMATYC Crossroads standards to develop a three-book series
to serve a large and diverse population of college students who, for whatever reason, have not
yet succeeded in learning mathematics.
Only peer-reviewed studies published in English in the
last decade (1995–2005) were included in this review.
The search was limited to the last decade in order to
source the most recent, high-quality evidence . This
decision was justified on the grounds that systematic
reviews evaluating the earlier literature found many of the
included studies to be of poor or moderate methodologi-
cal quality [13-15] and based on the findings of Moseley
et al (2002), it was assumed that the more recent literature
was more likely to be of higher methodolgical quality.
The impact of biomarkers in present day health care system, health management and
healthy life is enormous. Clinicians need them for diagnosis, prognosis, effect of
therapeutic intervention, and most importantly, for early detection of a disease.
Pharmaceutical industries need them for new drug discovery and drug efficiency test.
Regulatory authorities need them for testing toxicity and environmental impact.
Epidemiologists need them for population screening and risk factor determination.
The fields of biological and medical physics and biomedical engineering
are broad, multidisciplinary and dynamic. They lie at the
crossroads of frontier research in physics, biology, chemistry, and
medicine. The Biological & Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering
Series is intended to be comprehensive, covering a broad
range of topics important to the study of the physical, chemical
and biological sciences. Its goal is to provide scientists and engineers
with textbooks, monographs, and reference works to address
the growing need for information....
The Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) was established in 1958 with
the mission to improve the quality of biology education at all levels. Not long
after the inception of the organization, our mission was expanded to include the
improvement of science education, not just biology education. In 2000, we further
articulated this mission to describe the work we would do in curriculum develop-
ment, professional development, and research and evaluation.
Our goal in writing this book was to describe
why weeds occur where they do. We have
made no attempt to discuss their management
and control: there are excellent texts
available for that. Rather, we think that students
should understand how and why
weeds fit into their environment. This text
presents ecological principles as they relate
to weeds. Ecology is central to our understanding
of how and why weeds invade and
yet there are few books that make this connection.
That is the niche we hope to fill.