A working knowledge of shell scripting is essential to everyone wishing to become reasonably adept at system
administration, even if they do not anticipate ever having to actually write a script. Consider that as a Linux
machine boots up, it executes the shell scripts in /etc/rc.d to restore the system configuration and set up
services. A detailed understanding of these startup scripts is important for analyzing the behavior of a system,
and possibly modifying it.
Exploring macro view on mutual fund growth as deposit substitution or as an alternative
investment, information on deposit amount and deposit rates are drawn from Bank of Thailand website.
Assessing growth determinants based on market benchmark, Stock market index is obtained from
Stock Exchange of Thailand. Superior fund performance due to outstanding securities selection skills
of fund managers come with higher price or higher management fees (Nazir and Nawaz (2010),
Livingston and O’Neal (1998), and O’Neal (1999)).
If the axles don’t fit the wheels, you’ll need to do some adjusting. If the axles are
too big (in diameter), try sharpening the ends in a pencil sharpener and jamming them
through the wheel opening. Once the wheel is centered on the axle, add a drop of hot
glue to hold it in place.
If the axles are too small for the wheels—a common problem if you’re substitut-
ing CDs for wooden wheels—you can add an insert or attachment to the wheel. Use
lids from milk cartons or small wooden wheels to hold the axles. Then tape the lids
or small wheels to the CD. Spin...
Having thus introduced the papers collectively, let me also say something about
them individually, thereby giving some sense for which kinds of economists might find
which papers especially interesting. Akerlof and Kranton’s paper has clear links to both
labor economics and organizational economics, and also more broadly to behavioral
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is one of the most widely used statistics in
the United States. As a measure of inflation it is a key economic indicator.
It serves as a guide for the Federal Reserve Board’s monetary policy and
is an essential tool in calculating changes in the nation’s output and living standards.
It is used to determine annual cost-of-living allowances for social security
retirees and other recipients of federal payments, to index the federal income tax
system for inflation, and as the yardstick for U.S. Treasury inflation-indexed
Chapter 7 - Consumer behavior. In this chapter you will learn: How revealed preferences relate to utility, how budget constraints affect utility maximization, how income affects consumption choices, how prices affect consumption choices and how to distinguish between income and substitution effects.
Chapter 27 - Demand in the factor market. The following will be discussed in this chapter: Derived demand, productivity, marginal revenue product, changes in resource demand, the substitution and output effects, optimum resource mix for the firm.
Chapter 31 ECONOMETRIC METHODS PRODUCER BEHAVIOR FOR MODELING
The purpose of this chapter is to provide an exposition of econometric methods for modeling producer behavior. The objective of econometric modeling is to determine the nature of substitution among inputs, the character of differences in
Since each retailer has a monopoly power through the captive consumers, the strategies
employed in the oligopolistic equilibrium depend on the pricing behavior of a hyphotetical
monopolist facing the captive consumers. Before proceeding to solving the
oligopoly model we will illustrate the optimal behavior of the consumers facing any price
pair and, subsequently, prot-maximizing strategy of the monopolist.
The Effect of Taxation
Taxes affect household behavior via income and substitution effects. The income effect is straightforward: as taxes go up, households are poorer and behave that way. For example, if leisure is a normal good
Schumpeter's style ran not only to frequent digressions, which I
have tried to eliminate, but also to surplus words, to stating what is
already implied, to burdening the reader with phrases that distract his
attention. In such a sentence as, "It is surely not too much to ask
economists to realize that behavior in human societies differs from
behavior in animal societies or in physical systems" (p. 1046 of the
1939 edition), I have deleted the italicized words without using dots to
so indicate. Occasionally it was convenient to alter the punctuation.
We will describe an Earley-type parser for Tree Adjoining Grammars (TAGs). Although a CKYtype parser for TAGs has been developed earlier (Vijay-Shanker and :Icshi, 1985), this is the first practical parser for TAGs because as is well known for CFGs, the average behavior of Earley-type parsers is superior to that of CKY-type parsers. The core of the algorithm is described. Then we discuss modifications of the parsing algorithm that can parse extensions of TAGs such as constraints on adjunction, substitution, and feature structures for TAGs.
This paper examines how the effort choices of workers within the same firm interact with
each other. In contrast to the existing literature, we show that workers can affect the
productivity of their co-workers based on income maximization considerations, rather than
relying on behavioral considerations such as peer pressure, social norms, and shame.
Theoretically, we show that a worker’s effort has a positive effect on the effort of co-workers if
they are complements in production, and a negative effect if they are substitutes.
Implicit Feedback, in which an IR system unobtrusively monitors search behavior, removes the need for the searcher to explicitly indicate which documents are relevant (M. Morita and Y. Shinoda, 1994). The technique uses implicit relevance indications, although not being as accurate as explicit feedback, is proved can be an effective substitute for explicit feedback in interactive information seeking environments (R. White et al., 2002).