Using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method for multi-index evaluation has special
advantages, while the use of geographic information systems (GIS) is suitable for spatial
analysis. Combining AHP with GIS provides an effective approach for studies of mineral
potential mapping evaluation. Selection of potential areas for exploration is a complex
process in which many diverse criteria are to be considered.
This book covers 27 articles in the applications of artificial neural networks (ANN) in various disciplines which includes business, chemical technology, computing, engineering, environmental science, science and nanotechnology. They modeled the ANN with verification in different areas. They demonstrated that the ANN is very useful model and the ANN could be applied in problem solving and machine learning. This book is suitable for all professionals and scientists in understanding how ANN is applied in various areas....
The global cost of communicable diseases is expected to rise. SARS has
put the world on alert. We have now Avian Flu on the watch. Recognizing
the global nature of threats posed by new and re-emerging infectious diseases
and the fact that many recent occurrences originated in the Asia Pacific
regions, there has been an increased interest in learning and knowing
about disease surveillance and monitoring progresses made in these regions.
Such knowledge and awareness is necessary to reduce conflict, discomfort,
tension and uneasiness in future negotiations and global cooperation....
The Land Resources Development Centre, one of the scientific units of the Overseas
Development Administration, assists developing countries in mapping, investigating
and assessing land resources, and makes recommendations on the use of these resources
for the development of agriculture, livestock husbandry and forestry; it also gives
advice on related subjects to overseas governments and organisations, makes scientific
personnel available for appointment abroad and provides lectures and training courses
in the basic techniques of resource appraisal and development.
Spatial analysis by way of weighted overlay was used to determine possible locations
where the Boran cattle may strive. By considering elevation and annual rainfall data
within the Dry Kolla agro-ecological zone of Ethiopia, one could extract a refined
suitability map for the Boran. Within the Dry Kolla ‘mask’, one would extract the two
variables or layers (elevation and rainfall) and conduct a simple statistical description
by which the means and standard deviations are determined.
In beginning to write this chapter, I tried to find words to “sugar coat” the title. Perhaps the word
“budget” could be avoided altogether. Words like “financial map” or “operational guide” might be
suitable alternatives. After all, for those of you already in the workforce, you probably associate the
word “budget” with “dread” or “drudgery” or some other less than flattering term. No doubt, some
employees will question the need for a budget.
Bowen’s formula relates the Hausdorﬀ dimension of a conformal repeller to the zero of a ‘pressure’ function. We present an elementary, self-contained proof to show that Bowen’s formula holds for C 1 conformal repellers. We consider time-dependent conformal repellers obtained as invariant subsets for sequences of conformally expanding maps within a suitable class.
There are many methods to design digital circuits without hazard, such as the use of Boolean algebra, algebra hazard, karnaugh map, matrix method, VHDL, etc. However, these methods are not very suitable for the design of circuit system such as design of GALS circuits. In this case, synchronization is the most optimal method.
1. Introduction Hazard is the essence of digital circuits including synchronous circuit and asynchronous circuit. Hazard occurs as much as “autumn’s leaves”  and has adverse impact on the working of digital circuits. ...
Two large blocks of land were appraised for suitability for the development of planta-
tion crops: Block A, north-west of Cameroon Mountain, including some areas of its
foothills; Block B, extending eastward from the Douala-Mbanga road at Kompina
toward the Wouri and Dibombe rivers (see Text Maps 1.1, 1.2 and 3.1). Block B was
rejected because most of the area was topographically unsuitable. Several areas in
Block A were also rejected because they were already settled or topographically unsuit-
The wind itself owns variations and indeterminists governed by global circulations, regional climates, and local topographies and so on. Customarily, extreme wind speeds are preferably defined in term of probability which is interested for engineering today. Thus, the well wind records, identified wind mechanisms, and suitable methods of extreme value analysis and so on, are always required to predict reliable design wind speeds that would be used for structural design. For the past three decades, there have been many valuable studies in developing basic design wind speed map. ...