Xem 1-20 trên 20 kết quả Supply allocation
  • This chapter introduces the theory of supply and demand. It considers how buyers and sellers behave and how they interact with one another. It shows how supply and demand determine prices in a market economy and how prices, in turn, allocate the economy’s scarce resources.

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  • This chapter introduces you to the market mechanism for allocating goods and services among buyers and sellers. You will also learn why markets usually do a better job of allocating goods and services than bureaucratic rules and regulations.

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  • After the large-scale disasters that we have witnessed in the recent past, it has become apparent that complex and coordinated emergency management systems are required for efficient and effective relief efforts. Such management systems can only be developed by involving many scientists and practitioners from multiple fields.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài: Allocation of dry matter in Eucalyptus in response to nitrogen supply grandis seedlings...

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  • Two studies from the period document the dramatic changes that television brought to children’s allocation of time. First, Maccoby (1951) surveyed 622 children in Boston in 1950 and 1951 and matched children with and without television by age, sex, and socioeconomic status. The study found that radio lis- tening, movie watching, and reading were substantially lower in the television group, but also that total media time was greater by approximately an hour and a half per day.

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  • Chapter 11 - Pure competition in the long run. After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Explain how the long run differs from the short run in pure competition; describe how profits and losses drive the long-run adjustment process of pure competition; explain the differences between constant-cost, increasing-cost, and decreasing-cost industries; show how long-run equilibrium in pure competition produces an efficient allocation of resources; discuss creative destruction and the profit incentives for innovation.

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  • Financial markets play a major role in allocating wealth and excess savings to productive ventures in the global economy. This extremely desirable process takes on various forms. Commercial banks solicit depositors’ funds in order to lend them out to businesses that invest in manufacturing and services or to home buyers who finance new construction or redevelopment. Investment banks bring to market offerings of equity and debt from newly formed or expanding corporations.

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  • Chapter 7. International, National, and Local Economics. Economics is a social science that analyzes the choices made by people and governments in allocating scarce resources. While this definition sounds rather scientific, most people have a fairly intuitive understanding of the laws of supply and demand.

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  • As a matter of fact in some countries, mainly in India, groundwater development is much more important than surface water irrigation (Mukherji et al. 2009). While rainfed crops depend only on meteorological conditions, irrigated crops depend both on rain regimes and water supply. The combination of these regimes and the interdependencies between international commodity markets and domestic production create opportunities to ensure that water is allocated to the most valuable ends.

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  • A COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION OF TRANSFER PRICING PRACTICES IN SELECTED INDUSTRIES Allocative implications and endogenous school effectiveness In the model presented above, Tiebout choice hurts low-income students in two ways. First, it permits increased stratification of students. Because total peer group is in fixed supply, stratification necessarily offers better peers to wealthy students and worse peers to low-income students.

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  • Basic concepts of production function. Historical background and characteristics of different forms of production functions- linear, quadratic, square-root, Spillman, cubic, semi-log, Cobb-Douglas, trascedental, CES, VES and Leontief. Static and dynamic production functions and their applications. Frontier production functions. Dualities between production, cost and profit functions. Derivation of output supply and factor demand functions from production and profit functions. Optimisation and resource allocation. Multiple product relationships. Production possibility curves.

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  • Improving water security can be achieved through increasing water supply, reducing water demand, as well as addressing water quantity and water quality issues related to broader water resource management. Current OECD work on water security is examining how best to manage risks and tradeoffs in the allocation of scarce water resources, in the allocation of pollution loads and in mitigating and preventing droughts and floods.

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  • These methods can involve a social policy for resource distribution. A policy is simply a set of rules for allo- cation when resource demand exceeds resource supply. One candidate policy is to seek efficient usage, which di- rects amechanismto allocate resources to the set of users who have the highest utility for the use of the resources. Other social policies exist, such as those that favor small experiments, or favor underrepresented stakeholders, or (if money is involved) seek maximal revenue generation.

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  • The Memory Manager is responsible for the TOE memory pool. The memory pool is used to supply the TOE with its memory while it is executing. Almost all data structures that use memory in the TOE are allocated in the memory pool. The memory pool also provides resources for transaction logging and data buffers. The immediate environment of the TOE comprises: The Windows 2008 Server Enterprise Edition Operating System, which hosts the TOE. As the TOE is a software only TOE it lives as a process in the Operating System (OS) and uses the resources of the...

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  • The WKCCPP was based on collaboration among partners who brought complementary skills and resources to the project. The MOH provided the essential clinical infrastructure of health facilities, care providers, and district management. Local health management teams allocated necessary funds for supplies. MYWO focused its efforts on developing links with the community through a network of MYWO community health workers (CHWs) who did both group and individual outreach. KECANSA assisted primarily by providing oncology expertise for training and materials development.

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  • GHI will also contribute to the strengthening of NTD integrated management and control through assisting GOK with the evaluation of the best prevention and management delivery systems. This includes whether a given integrated prevention or management approach can impact transmission of NTDs and which approach yields the largest effect on prevalence, morbidity, and mortality per unit of cost. The GHI NTD efforts will also support GOK leadership and management, policy, human resources for health, and supply chain systems.

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  • Chapter 3 - Demand, supply, and market equilibrium. This chapter provides an introduction to demand and supply concepts. Both demand and supply are defined and illustrated; determinants of demand and supply are listed and explained. The concept of equilibrium and the effects of changes in demand and supply on equilibrium price and quantity are explained and illustrated. The chapter also includes brief discussions of efficiency (productive and allocative) and price controls (floors and ceilings).

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  • In this chapter, you will learn to: Describe the role of financial intermediaries, differentiate between bonds and stocks and show why their prices are inversely related to interest rates, explain how the financial system improves the allocation of saving to productive uses, discuss the three functions of money and how the money supply is measured, analyze how the lending behavior of commercial banks affects the money supply, explain how the central bank controls the money supply and its relation to inflation in the long run.

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  • Chapter 3 - Demand, supply, and market equilibrium. This chapter provides an introduction to demand and supply concepts. Both demand and supply are defined and illustrated; determinants of demand and supply are listed and explained. The concept of equilibrium and the effects of changes in demand and supply on equilibrium price and quantity are explained and illustrated. The chapter also includes brief discussions of efficiency (productive and allocative) and price controls (floors and ceilings).

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Differentiate between demand-side market failures and supply-side market failures; explain the origin of both consumer surplus and producer surplus, and explain how properly functioning markets maximize their sum, total surplus, while optimally allocating resources; describe free riding and public goods, and illustrate why private firms cannot normally produce public goods;...

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