Supporting preventive approach

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  • Trachoma has an impact on the entire family, but the mother’s blinding trachoma appears to have the greatest impact on the daughter. The girl-child may have to take on household responsibilities to the detriment of her education when the mother is blind. A daughter’s dowry may be undervalued if it is perceived that her disabled family members will need care in the coming years. The balance of the household may be upset in numerous ways, potentially leading to eventual impoverishment. Changes in work routine reverberate within the family by causing further displacement.

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  • The book opens with a section on recent advances in analytical methods. Dr. Kang Bongsu contributed a chapter that presents an alternative technique for the free and forced vibration analysis of one-dimensional distributed parameter systems. This approach is based on the idea of superimposing the amplitudes of the constituent travelling waves, rather than the traditional approach of normal mode expansion that relies on the apriori calculation of eigensolutions or assumed normal modes.

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  • The pelvic floor consists of muscles and connective tissue. In the past, the components’ relative contribution to the structural support of the pelvic floor and its functions has been a subject of controversy (Corton 2009). With increasing age women can develop vaginal and pelvic organ prolapse as well as symptoms such as stress urinary incontinence, voiding dysfunction, urgency and frequency and nocturia, and may also develop fecal incontinence, obstructive defecation and pelvic pain (Petros 2010).

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  • These guidelines are part of a series of publications produced by FAO to support countries in the implementation of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources. While each of these publications addresses a different aspect of the management of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture (AnGR), they should be utilized in conjunction.

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  • In such a case, weighty reasons would support con- version of the German savings banks into regis- tered cooperatives on the French model. German savings banks and cooperative credit insti- tutions already possess numerous common fea- tures. Both are integrated into a tripartite financial association cooperating on the basis of a division of labour and exhibit a decentralized structure operating on the regional principle. In addition, both have a similar customer base consisting large- ly of private individuals as well as small and mid- sized businesses.

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  • A harm minimisation approach does not condone harmful or illegal drug use. The most effective way to minimise harm from drugs is not to use them. The harm minimisation approach does recognise that where eliminating high-risk behaviours is not possible, it remains important to minimise the personal, social and economic costs associated with those behaviours. Harm minimisation encompasses a wide range of approaches, including abstinence-oriented strategies and initiatives for people who use drugs.

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  • There is no obvious reason why both types of programmes—shorter-termeradicationinitiatives and longer-termdevelopmentalprogrammes—shouldnot coexist.

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  • CEPH accredits about 75 public health programs in a variety of kinds of institutions, e.g., MPH programs in medical schools. Some programs are not CEPH-accredited. Estimates gathered from 2007 (Association for Prevention Teaching and Research; unpublished survey) indicate that less than 1,300 graduates/year come from CEPH-accredited programs. 15 The number of graduates from unaccredited schools and programs is unknown. Several large, for-profit, online universities also offer public health pro- grams and degrees.

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  • The stomach is located in the epigastrium and the main physiological function of stomach is reservoir of food and drink, then food and drink are fermenting and grinding by action of the stomach so disturbance of these functions of the stomach will cause poor appetite, capacity for only small amount of food, and pain in the epigastric region. Of course, only in cooperation with the spleen's function digesting and transforming food and drink can be performed successfully by the stomach's function of receiving, to receive, digest and transform the food and drink.

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  • Since this book was first published in 1993, the Advanced Paediatric Life Support (APLS) concept and courses have gone a great way towards their aim of bringing simple guidelines for the management of ill and injured children to front-line doctors and nurses. Over the years an increasing number of experts have contributed to the work and we extend our thanks both to them and also to our instructors who unceasingly provide helpful feedback.The Advanced Paediatric Life Support Course is now well established in several countries outside the United Kingdom.

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  • In food matrices, bioactivity of polyphenols like all dietary antioxidants in the human body, depends firstly on their bioaccessibility (i.e. the release from the food matrix) and bioavailability (i.e. absorbable fraction that can be used for specific physiological functions in organs). Polyphenols of comparatively high bioavailability include isoflavonids (absorption cover 50%, Bohn, 2010), while e.g. anthocyanins are of very low bioavailability, usually ca. 1.7% (Sakakibara et al., 2009). The prerequisite for bioavailability of any compound is its bioaccessibility in the gut.

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  • During the twelve month period ending June 30, 2010, the Regulatory Helpline received 1,461 inquiries related to SAR requirements, or about 18 percent of all inquiries received. This was an 11 percent decrease in the number of SAR inquiries compared with the previous twelve month period ending June 20, 2009. The most noticeable decrease in SAR inquiries was related to “assistance with the SAR form,” which decreased by 137 inquiries (22 percent).

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  • Coincidentally, in the case of the aforementioned regulations a STAG (STeam And Gas) cycle qualification is/was to provide about 6% of its steam generation to process. At this operating condition, the overall performance approaches that of a conventional STAG power generation cycle. Later in this paper, tables are provided that define GE’s gas turbine and gas engine product characteristics, which in turn illustrate the wide application range and flexibility of these products to support cogeneration applications.

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  • Vector seed selection was applied to the aforementioned eigenspace images, or multi- spectral images, to obtain initial seeds. The algorithm of seeded region growing was further adopted to divide the multi-spectral images into many small regions. The algorithm of region merging was employed to merge similar regions as well as to combine smaller regions with the nearest neighboring regions.

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  • These situations must be evaluated to see if there is real impairment. So, for instance, if an active market for an investment disappears because a once-public company has gone private, but the company is still in good financial position, there is no impairment. Simi- larly, a downgrade in credit rating does not mean impairment unless it is accompanied by one of the above conditions. When an impairment loss must be recorded, it is measured as the difference between the investment’s carrying value and fair value.

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  • U.S. Census projects the total population in 2030 will be 364 million, an increase of approximately 30 percent from the year 2000. Just in size alone (an increase of 83 million), the country will look quite different in a relatively short period of time – i.e., approximately one generation. The shifting age distribution of households will further change the shape of the nation. It is, therefore, the growth rate and changing composition of the population that will be driving housing consumption over the coming 25 years. Beginning in 2006, the first Baby Boomer cohort will...

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  • The Credit Transfer Act contains various regulations with regard to consumer protection. If a credit institution accepts a credit transfer and it is carried out late, the accepting credit institution has to pay interest which amounts to the base rate according to the German Civil Code plus 5%. If the transfer gets lost, a “money back guarantee” applies for amounts up to EUR 12,500 plus interests and charges. Other liabilities are unaffected by this Act.

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  • A distinguishing feature of the water quality problem is that environmental damages— that is, the costs to society of pollution—are highly dependent on the location of pollution sources in the hydrological, social, and economic landscape. First, the demand for water quality varies from location to location. Some waterbodies are envisioned as pristine, where recreation and species support is the overriding concern.

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  • A method of shape generation using shape grammars which take shape as primi­ tive and have shape specific rules is presented. A formalism for the complete, generative specification of a class of non-representational, geometric paintings or sculptures is defined, which has shape grammars as its primary structural com­ ponent. Paintings are material representations of two-dimensional shapes gener­ ated by shape grammars, sculptures of three-dimensional shapes. Implications for aesthetics and design theory in the visual arts are discussed.

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  • However, before private investors will commit large amounts of capital to this sector there must be transparent, long-term and certain regulations governing carbon emissions, renewable energy and energy efficiency (see Deutsche Bank‟s TLC framework). 17 Such investments will only be made if investors are able to earn adequate risk-adjusted returns and if appropriate market structures are in place to access this capital.

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