Trachoma has an impact on the
entire family, but the mother’s
blinding trachoma appears to have
the greatest impact on the
daughter. The girl-child may have
to take on household
responsibilities to the detriment of
her education when the mother is
blind. A daughter’s dowry may
be undervalued if it is perceived
that her disabled family members
will need care in the coming
The balance of the household may
be upset in numerous ways,
potentially leading to eventual
impoverishment. Changes in work
routine reverberate within the
family by causing further
The book opens with a section on recent advances in analytical methods. Dr. Kang
Bongsu contributed a chapter that presents an alternative technique for the free and
forced vibration analysis of one-dimensional distributed parameter systems. This
approach is based on the idea of superimposing the amplitudes of the constituent
travelling waves, rather than the traditional approach of normal mode expansion that
relies on the apriori calculation of eigensolutions or assumed normal modes.
The pelvic floor consists of muscles and connective tissue. In the past, the components’
relative contribution to the structural support of the pelvic floor and its functions has been a
subject of controversy (Corton 2009). With increasing age women can develop vaginal and
pelvic organ prolapse as well as symptoms such as stress urinary incontinence, voiding
dysfunction, urgency and frequency and nocturia, and may also develop fecal incontinence,
obstructive defecation and pelvic pain (Petros 2010).
These guidelines are part of a series of publications produced by FAO to support countries in
the implementation of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources. While each
of these publications addresses a different aspect of the management of animal genetic
resources for food and agriculture (AnGR), they should be utilized in conjunction.
In such a case, weighty reasons would support con-
version of the German savings banks into regis-
tered cooperatives on the French model.
German savings banks and cooperative credit insti-
tutions already possess numerous common fea-
tures. Both are integrated into a tripartite financial
association cooperating on the basis of a division
of labour and exhibit a decentralized structure
operating on the regional principle. In addition,
both have a similar customer base consisting large-
ly of private individuals as well as small and mid-
A harm minimisation approach does not condone harmful or illegal drug use. The most
effective way to minimise harm from drugs is not to use them. The harm minimisation
approach does recognise that where eliminating high-risk behaviours is not possible, it
remains important to minimise the personal, social and economic costs associated with
those behaviours. Harm minimisation encompasses a wide range of approaches,
including abstinence-oriented strategies and initiatives for people who use drugs.
CEPH accredits about 75 public health programs in a variety of kinds of
institutions, e.g., MPH programs in medical schools. Some programs are
not CEPH-accredited. Estimates gathered from 2007 (Association for
Prevention Teaching and Research; unpublished survey) indicate that less
than 1,300 graduates/year come from CEPH-accredited programs.
number of graduates from unaccredited schools and programs is unknown.
Several large, for-profit, online universities also offer public health pro-
grams and degrees.
The stomach is located in the epigastrium and the main physiological function of stomach is
reservoir of food and drink, then food and drink are fermenting and grinding by action of
the stomach so disturbance of these functions of the stomach will cause poor appetite,
capacity for only small amount of food, and pain in the epigastric region. Of course, only in
cooperation with the spleen's function digesting and transforming food and drink can be
performed successfully by the stomach's function of receiving, to receive, digest and
transform the food and drink.
Since this book was first published in 1993, the Advanced Paediatric Life Support
(APLS) concept and courses have gone a great way towards their aim of bringing simple
guidelines for the management of ill and injured children to front-line doctors and
Over the years an increasing number of experts have contributed to the work and we
extend our thanks both to them and also to our instructors who unceasingly provide
helpful feedback.The Advanced Paediatric Life Support Course is now well established
in several countries outside the United Kingdom.
In food matrices, bioactivity of polyphenols like all dietary antioxidants in the human body,
depends firstly on their bioaccessibility (i.e. the release from the food matrix) and
bioavailability (i.e. absorbable fraction that can be used for specific physiological functions in
organs). Polyphenols of comparatively high bioavailability include isoflavonids (absorption
cover 50%, Bohn, 2010), while e.g. anthocyanins are of very low bioavailability, usually ca.
1.7% (Sakakibara et al., 2009). The prerequisite for bioavailability of any compound is its
bioaccessibility in the gut.
During the twelve month period ending June 30, 2010, the Regulatory Helpline
received 1,461 inquiries related to SAR requirements, or about 18 percent of all
inquiries received. This was an 11 percent decrease in the number of SAR inquiries
compared with the previous twelve month period ending June 20, 2009. The most
noticeable decrease in SAR inquiries was related to “assistance with the SAR form,”
which decreased by 137 inquiries (22 percent).
Coincidentally, in the case of the aforementioned regulations a
STAG (STeam And Gas) cycle qualification is/was to provide about
6% of its steam generation to process. At this operating condition,
the overall performance approaches that of a conventional STAG
power generation cycle. Later in this paper, tables are provided
that define GE’s gas turbine and gas engine product
characteristics, which in turn illustrate the wide application range
and flexibility of these products to support cogeneration
Vector seed selection was applied to the aforementioned eigenspace images, or multi-
spectral images, to obtain initial seeds. The algorithm of seeded region growing was further
adopted to divide the multi-spectral images into many small regions. The algorithm of
region merging was employed to merge similar regions as well as to combine smaller
regions with the nearest neighboring regions.
These situations must be evaluated to see if there is real impairment. So, for instance, if
an active market for an investment disappears because a once-public company has gone
private, but the company is still in good financial position, there is no impairment. Simi-
larly, a downgrade in credit rating does not mean impairment unless it is accompanied by
one of the above conditions.
When an impairment loss must be recorded, it is measured as the difference between the
investment’s carrying value and fair value.
U.S. Census projects the total population in 2030 will be 364 million, an increase of
approximately 30 percent from the year 2000. Just in size alone (an increase of 83 million), the
country will look quite different in a relatively short period of time – i.e., approximately one
generation. The shifting age distribution of households will further change the shape of the
nation. It is, therefore, the growth rate and changing composition of the population that will be
driving housing consumption over the coming 25 years.
Beginning in 2006, the first Baby Boomer cohort will...
The Credit Transfer Act contains various regulations with regard to consumer protection. If a credit
institution accepts a credit transfer and it is carried out late, the accepting credit institution has to pay
interest which amounts to the base rate according to the German Civil Code plus 5%. If the transfer
gets lost, a “money back guarantee” applies for amounts up to EUR 12,500 plus interests and
charges. Other liabilities are unaffected by this Act.
A distinguishing feature of the water quality problem is that environmental damages—
that is, the costs to society of pollution—are highly dependent on the location of pollution
sources in the hydrological, social, and economic landscape. First, the demand for water quality
varies from location to location. Some waterbodies are envisioned as pristine, where recreation
and species support is the overriding concern.
A method of shape generation using shape grammars which take shape as primi
tive and have shape specific rules is presented. A formalism for the complete,
generative specification of a class of non-representational, geometric paintings
or sculptures is defined, which has shape grammars as its primary structural com
ponent. Paintings are material representations of two-dimensional shapes gener
ated by shape grammars, sculptures of three-dimensional shapes. Implications
for aesthetics and design theory in the visual arts are discussed.
However, before private investors will commit large amounts of capital to this sector there must be
transparent, long-term and certain regulations governing carbon emissions, renewable energy and energy
efficiency (see Deutsche Bank‟s TLC framework).
Such investments will only be made if investors are
able to earn adequate risk-adjusted returns and if appropriate market structures are in place to access this