In the last decade, we have witnessed a rapid growth in research and
development of nanotechnology, especially nanostructured materials.
Nanoporous materials as an important class of nanostructured materials
possess high specific surface area, large pore volume, uniform pore size,
and rich surface chemistry. These materials present great promises and
opportunities for a new generation of functional materials with improved
and tailorable properties for applications in adsorption, membranes,
sensors, energy storage, catalysis and photocatalysis, and biotechnology,