Surface compounds

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  • Vaidyanathan Characterizationof Ceramics, Ronald E. Loehman Characterimtion of Pobmers, Ned J. Chou, Stephen P. Kowalczyk, Ravi Sard, and Ho-Ming Tong Characterizationin Silicon Processing, Yale Strausser Characterizationin Compound Semiconductor Processing

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  • Fruits are infected prior to harvest if wounded by insects or other means or the rot may progress from infected stems and branches into the fruit. Postharvest infection of fruit may occur through wounds made during harvesting, transit or storage periods or when warmer fruit are washed in cooler contaminated water (Kucharek and Bartz, 2000).

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  • Periodontitis is one of the most common oral diseases and is characterised by gingival inflammation and alveolar bone resorption (Savage et al. 2009). Periodontitis is a multifactorial irreversible and cumulative condition, initiated and propagated by bacteria and host factors (Kinane 2001). More than 500 different bacterial species are able to colonise the oral biofilm and up to 150 different species of bacteria are possible in any individual’s subgingival plaque.

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  • Industrialization has become an important factor to the development of a country’s economy, through the establishment of plants and factories. However, the waste or by-products discharged from them are severely disastrous to the environment consists various kind of contaminant which contaminate the surface water, ground water and soil. There are a number of reasons the waste are not safely treated. One of the reasons is mainly due to the lacking of highly efficient and economic treatment technology.

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  • The pH values will bring effects in flora and fauna nearby, change the taste of water and lead to heavy corrosion in pipe lines. High conductivity naturally indicates the presence of ionic substances dissolved in the river water. However, the result showed that 90% of the study site exceeded the data reported for non-contaminated rivers due to excessive metal ions within the water. At the site nearer to kaolin industry the conductivity is 852 times higher than the non-polluted study site. The industrial discharge also changed the hardness in river water.

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  • In the most common frequency AE used for testing, 100-300kHz, the AE sensor can detect a signal for surface movement of 10-13 m or less than one thousand times smaller than the size of an atom. As a monitoring device for structural integrity, acoustic sensors are more effective distance from a few tens of feet. It can be compared with the accelerations commonly used to assess the condition of the bridge, for example, through the techniques of method analyzed.

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  • Given the considerable variation in deposit insurance arrangements and the relatively large number of banking crises, it is possible to use this panel to test whether the nature of the deposit insurance system has a significant impact on the probability of a banking crisis once other factors are controlled for. We carry out these tests using the multivariate logit econometric model developed in our previous work on the determinants of banking crises (Demirg†e-Kunt and Detragiache, 1998).

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  • Coast this complex with numerous sheltered embayments, islands and estuaries have increased the formation the extensive wetlands especially in Saginaw Bay, St Marys River, and east of Georgian Bay. This complexity, coupled with diverse geological clock, making the most of wetlands diversity on the Great Lakes (Smith et al. 1991). The coastal wetlands are used as spawning, nursery areas and nurtured by a series of arbitrary force and wetland dependent.

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  • One of the reasons private crop insurance markets have not developed is the relatively low demand for crop insurance. Despite large subsidies in the United States, crop insurance participation historically has been relatively low. Farmers and ranchers use a variety of risk management strategies to mitigate the risks they face (Harwood, Heifner, Coble, Perry, and Somwaru, 1999; U.S. GAO, 1999), many of which compete with crop insurance. These include futures and options markets, contracting, cultural practices that reduce crop loss (e.g.

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  • Given that the pool of underutilized labour is large in almost all developing countries (either in the form of open unemployment or in the form of hidden unemployment in both the agricultural and the informal sector), this then leads to an increase in employment in the modern sector which in turn leads to more incomes and savings. The expansion of the production of the modern sector moreover brings about the penetration of modern technology into the economy and hence an increase in productivity and goods supply, also adding to higher incomes.

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  • Environmental accounting is a term with a variety of meanings. In many contexts, environmental accounting is taken to mean the identification and reporting of environment- specific costs, such as liability costs or waste disposal costs. For the purposes of this analysis, a much more general definition is used. "Environmental accounting" is more than accounting for environmental benefits and costs. It is accounting for any costs and benefits that arise from changes to a firm's products or processes, where the change also involves a change in environmental impacts.

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  • My examples satisfy some aspects of this requirement, but not others. In each of the examples, there clearly are relations, however simple, between doing and undergoing. I undergo an experience, such as feeling that my hands are cold, and take action in response, warming my hands by caressing the sides of my mug. I adjust what I am doing in response to sensations that indicate the mug is too hot to grasp for any extended period; and I put the mug down once my sensations suggest that my hands have been sufficiently warmed. This...

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  • The $200 million AUM fund described earlier could therefore base its annual revenue projections around its $3 million management fee (i.e., 1.5% of AUM) and set its expense caps accordingly. Dur- ing a strong-performing year the fund will run with a surplus which, like other businesses, it can use for capital expenditures, incentive bonuses, cash reserves and so forth. A start-up fund can apply the same principal based on realistic AUM assumptions. (For most funds, “re- alistic” start-up capital consists of investments by partners, friends and family.

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  • A midwife’s focus is to enable all women and their families to have a positive and safe experience of pregnancy, birth and early parenting. A social model of maternity care where women, rather than the organisation, are at the centre is a key feature of midwifery-led care20. Women value care that is personalised and coordinated by a midwife they know and trust and should be offered a choice of place of birth taking account of individual needs, risks and circumstances. One-to-one support in established labour results in better outcomes for women and this is a key role of the midwife.

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  • On the other hand a model with dynamically inconsistent (quasi-hyperbolic) time preference can explain the decline, for reasonable short-term and long-term discount rates. We also investigate whether households in our sample appear to make an effort at self-control, using a strategy emphasized in the literature: a mental accounting rule that limits borrowing during the pay period and thus puts a cap on overspending. We find that households who are able to borrow, in the sense that they own a credit card, nevertheless exhibit the spending profile characteristic of credit constraints.

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  • This phenomenon is known intuitively since the beginning of knowledge and research science for at least a century. Of ice cracking and snapping of twigs common examples. In recent decades, ultrasound has been used as a methods of nondestructive testing. A considerable body of techniques developed to allow applications to monitor bridges, pressure vessels, tanks, ... These devices great sensitivity to high frequency motion.

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  • It takes experience, practice and brain power to be good mathematical modelers”. Mathematical model of a system must be sufficiently simple, easy to grasp and give a clear idea about all the qualitative aspects of the phenomenon of interest. On the other hand, it must be sufficiently accurate in bringing the quantitative aspects of the process. Simulation represent the application of modelling techniques to real system, thus enabling information on plant characteristics to be gained without either constructing or operating the full scale plant or system under consideration.

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  • Furthermore, Swinburne’s figures by LGA were an average for flats and houses: these figures were likely to over-state rentals for flats and under-state them for houses. For the missing years, estimated rentals were derived by interpolation. In a revision of this paper, the estimated rentals will be recast as yield-based in an effort to improve accuracy.

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  • The ready availability of carbon through the exploitation of hydrocarbon oil reserves over the past century has lead to a vast amount of organic compounds being introduced into the environment either through the use of oil in fuels or the development and production of other chemical products by industry. Literally tens of thousands of synthetic organic chemicals have been and continue to be developed. Many organic chemicals are known to have potential human health impacts and drinking-water quality standard listings developed.

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  • Volume 3 of the book series Biomathematical and Biomechanical Modeling of the Circulatory and Ventilatory Systems aims at presenting major sets of signaling receptors mainly located at the plasma membrane, 1 in a modeling framework rather than biological perspective. Collecting signaling effectors, their main interactions, and major properties are the first tasks required for any modeling of cell signaling processes. The major objective is to comprehend the complexity of natural phenomena to model these events. In other words, to yield the maximal amount of known information (i.e.

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