Surgical diseases

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  • Small Animal Medicine and Surgery includes 1,625 questions, including 300 new questions, on anesthesiology, cardiology, dentistry, dermatology, hematology, medical diseases, nephrology/urology, neurology, oncology, ophthalmology, preventive medicine, surgical diseases, and theriogenology. Rationales are included with correct answers so readers will be able to determine why an answer was correct and which areas require further study. Questions reflect those likely to appear on the NBE.

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  • Central to the development of glomerular inflammation and injury are alterations and abnormalities of various cytokines and signaling systems. There are four chapters in this book that deal with these aspects in the pathogenesis. The role of TGF-β in progressive glomerular disease is discussed in great detail in a chapter well written by Hyun Soon Lee, with particular reference to mesangial matrix accumulation, while the role of STAT3 activation in glomerulonephritis is elaborated in the well written chapter by Fumio Tsuji et al.

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  • Cardiothoracic surgical nursing has undergone immense change over the past decade, owing in part to professional, economic and societal changes. The profile of patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery has also changed as cardiothoracic surgery is performed upon the more elderly, the high-risk or those with co- morbidity. Although previously considered at too high a risk for surgery, improved surgical techniques, pharmacology and pre- and post-operative care have resulted in a successful outcome for many patients and a return to an improved quality of life....

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  • Cardiothoracic nursing has undergone great change over the last decade. With the continuing improvement of surgical techniques, pharmacology and pre- and post-operative care, there have been many new initiatives and innovations in the nature and practice of this specialised sector of nursing. Rehabilitation and patient education are to name but a few of the areas where exciting new challenges and opportunities for cardiothoracic nurses have opened up.

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  • There has been a major resurgence in stereotactic neurosurgery for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and tremor in the past several years. More recently, interest has also been rekindled in stereotactic neurosurgery for the treatment of dystonia and other movement disorders.

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  • Unsustainable growth in medical spending has sparked interest in the question of whether prevention saves money and could be the answer to the health care crisis. But the question misses the point. What should matter (for both prevention and treatment services) is value -- the health benefit per dollar invested. We discuss a package of effective clinical preventive services that improves health at a relatively low cost. Cost-effectiveness should also be examined for disease care, the major driver of health spending.

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  • Lesions associated with left to right shunt, such as AVSD, cause high pulmonary blood flow and congestive cardiac failure. The normal physiological response to high pulmonary blood flow is for the pulmonary vascular resistance to increase. With time, the pulmonary vascular resistance will exceed the systemic vascular resistance, and the flow across the shunt will reverse (Eisenmenger’s syndrome).

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  • It has been reported worldwide that health problems caused by environmental pollution disproportionately affect unborn babies and small children. It is also known that children go through some developmental phases that are highly sensitive to certain pollutants. When unborn and small children go through physical and mental development, different organs develop at different times, and as such, some organs are more sensitive than others to certain materials during certain developmental phases.

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  • Movement disorders represent major causes of neurological disability and eventual mortality affecting millions of people across the globe. From Parkinson’s disease to spasticity, these neurological disorders devastate young and old worldwide. While progress continues to be made toward effective treatment, many limitations remain. The combination of the limitation of medical therapy and surgical technological advances have, however, led to an exponential growth in functional neurosurgery in the last 5 years.

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  • Document introduction of content: Definitions, epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, medical and surgical management, other forms of diverticular disease, global aspects, references, useful web sites, WGO Practice Guidelines Committee members who contributed to this guideline.

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  • Document introduction of content: Definitions, gallstone prevalence, follow-up and risks of complications, surgical treatment policy, exceptions, literature references, links to useful websites, WGO practice guidelines committee members who helped with this Guideline, queries and Feedback from you.

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  • The significance of the kidney in diabetes Ferrannini • Fioretto • Groop • Hach Nauck • Thomas Edited by Piper & Raderschadt Published by infill Kommunikation GmbH .

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  • Despite the significant decline in heart disease mortaht' rates over the last 25 years, heart failure has remained a significant problem. We are now confronted with large numbers of terminally ill patients for whom conventional therapies for heart failure have been exhausted and for whom repeated hospital visits are necessary. There now is a major thrust towards a management strategy which embraces a comprehensive approach including vigorous preventive measures and earlier surgical interventions.

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  • We are very pleased to provide you with this book dealing with abdominal surgery. The chapters in this book are written by surgeons, radiologists, anesthesiologists and oncologists from different hospitals in Tunisia, Turkey, Denmark, Spain and Italy. Together with basic surgical principles, the unique local experiences and perspectives are presented.

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  • Every patient knows to seek medical help when his or her aches and pains become too much to bear, but how does the healthcare provider determine what is wrong and what to do to restore the patient to good health? The answer depends on the patient’s signs and symptoms and the results from medical tests. In this book you will learn to identify these signs and symptoms, interpret the medical test results, and perform the nursing interventions that will assist in solving or alleviating the patient’s medical problem.

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  • The prognosis for individuals with liver cancer is frequently poor. Cancers include those which have metastasized to the liver from elsewhere, reflecting advanced stage disease where cure is rarely possible. Similarly, primary liver cancer frequently complicates chronic liver disease, which further limits therapeutic options. Despite these dismal facts, there are signs that change is imminent. Not only have imaging modalities and surgical techniques improved, but preventive strategies and medical therapies show promise.

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  • It is only 26 years since the first percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was carried out by the pioneering Swiss radiologist, Andreas Greuntzig, heralding the dawn of interventional cardiology. In this short time, interventional cardiology has overcome many limitations and undergone major evolutionary changes—most notably the development of the coronary stent. Worldwide, many thousands of patients now safely undergo percutaneous coronary intervention every day, and the numbers continue to grow.

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  • The general meaning of gene therapy is to correct defective genes that are responsible for disease development. The most common form of gene therapy involves the insertion, alteration or removal of genes within an individual's cells and biological tissues. Many of gene transfer vectors are modified viruses. The ability for the delivery of therapeutic genes made them desirable for engineering virus vector systems. Recently, the viral vectors in laboratory and clinical use have been based on RNA and DNA viruses processing very different genomic structures and host ranges.

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  • Research has suggested a link between nutritional deficiencies in early (including prenatal) life, and the development of chronic diseases—cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, stroke, cancer, and osteoporosis, among others—some decades later (World Health Organization 2000a, 2000b; Jacoby 2004). A possible link between early nutritional deficiencies and obesity has also been suggested, and it remains an area of ongoing research (Pan American Health Organization 2003).

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  • The field of movement disorders is relatively broad, encompassing disorders of increased movement, such as tremors, dystonia, and tics, to disorders characterized by a paucity of movement, such as Parkinson’s disease. Our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms and our treatment options are expanding at a rapid pace. This expansion ranges from the medical and surgical advances in treating Parkinson’s disease to the flood of genetic abnormalities that have now been found to cause various movement disorders.

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