Movement disorders represent major causes of neurological disability and
eventual mortality affecting millions of people across the globe. From
Parkinson’s disease to spasticity, these neurological disorders devastate
young and old worldwide. While progress continues to be made toward
effective treatment, many limitations remain.
The combination of the limitation of medical therapy and surgical
technological advances have, however, led to an exponential growth in functional
neurosurgery in the last 5 years.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Ultrasound-Guided liver surgery" presents the following contents: Introductory aspects, diagnosis and staging, hepatobiliary surgery, technical tricks to start exploring the liver with ultrasound, planning of the surgical strategy,...
o other branch of digestive surgery has undergone the profound changes that have
taken place in hepatic surgery in recent years, especially as a result of the application
of functional segmental liver anatomy and intraoperative ultrasound in resective
surgery. At the same time, the extraordinary progresses achieved in medical oncology
together with the close cooperation between surgeons and oncologists has led to
a watershed in this field of medicine, especially with respect to colorectal liver
Thanks also to the Mayo Clinic. This book has increased my appreciation of their skilled care of my case by
showing the many ways that things could go wrong.
Footnotes are indicated by "[Footnote]" where they appear in the text. The body of the footnote appears
immediately following the complete paragraph. If more than one footnote appears in the same paragraph, they
A few obvious misspellings have been corrected. Several cases of alternate spelling of the same(?) word have
not been modified....
A word of explanation is perhaps necessary as to the form in which these experiences have been put together.
The matter was originally collected with the object of sending a series of articles to the British Medical
Journal. Various circumstances, however, of which the chief was the feeling that extending experience altered
in many cases the views adopted at first sight, prevented the original intention from being carried into
execution, and the articles, considerably expanded, are now published together....
Emergency Vascular Surgery – A Practical Guide provides a concise guide to
managing patients with all kinds of emergent vascular problems. It is not intended
to be a “classic” textbook, so the background information given is very
concise. The focus is instead on management and treatment, especially open
The text is written for newcomers to the vascular surgical field, for surgical
trainees, and for all doctors who treat emergent vascular surgical patients in
the emergency department....
Despite the significant decline in heart disease mortaht' rates over the last 25 years, heart
failure has remained a significant problem. We are now confronted with large numbers of
terminally ill patients for whom conventional therapies for heart failure have been exhausted
and for whom repeated hospital visits are necessary.
There now is a major thrust towards a management strategy which embraces a
comprehensive approach including vigorous preventive measures and earlier surgical
The prognosis for individuals with liver cancer is frequently poor. Cancers include those which have metastasized to the liver from elsewhere, reflecting advanced stage disease where cure is rarely possible. Similarly, primary liver cancer frequently complicates chronic liver disease, which further limits therapeutic options. Despite these dismal facts, there are signs that change is imminent. Not only have imaging modalities and surgical techniques improved, but preventive strategies and medical therapies show promise.
The field of movement disorders is relatively broad, encompassing disorders of increased
movement, such as tremors, dystonia, and tics, to disorders characterized by a
paucity of movement, such as Parkinson’s disease. Our understanding of the pathogenic
mechanisms and our treatment options are expanding at a rapid pace. This expansion
ranges from the medical and surgical advances in treating Parkinson’s disease to the flood
of genetic abnormalities that have now been found to cause various movement disorders.
A dramatic increase in knowledge regarding the molecular biology of brain tumors has been established over the past few years, and this has lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for these patients. In this book a review of the options available for the clinical management of patients with these tumors are outlined. In addition advances in radiology both for pre-operative diagnostic purposes along with surgical planning are described.
Experts agree that attempts to prevent childhood obesity and its health consequences, such as
type 2 diabetes, must shift the focus from treating overweight children to addressing health
disparities among children of varying socio-economic status. and mitigating the social and
environmental factors that contribute to the declining health of children overall. The nation’s
health care costs for treating diabetes are $92 billion.
From this early stage, the term ‘independent’ gained
romantic connotation, signifying the brave efforts of rebels ﬁghting
against a powerful trust. Independent production in this era is often
given the credit for a number of landmark developments, including
the shift of the centre of gravity of the ﬁlm business to California and
the initiation of the star system, although both claims owe more to
myth than reality.
Leadership for Entrepreneurs
Starting a new successful business involves more than a technology or service
idea and a business plan. To survive, the entrepreneurial leader must adjust both
focus and leadership style as the company moves from startup to development of
infrastructure and f inally to enterprise. By examining the leadership qualities of successful
entrepreneurs, you understand how they proactively adapt their focus and leadership
styles to enhance the growth potential of their businesses.
Rapid population growth by itself may not always result in environmental degradation. There
is case study evidence that some farm households and communities develop technical and institutional
innovations in natural resource management in response to increasing pressures on resources. Such
responses do not happen in all areas however, and need to be induced and supported through policy
measures and other development interventions (for example in the areas of tenure, reorientation of
agricultural research and extension, etc.).
At KPMG, we encourage businesses to understand this
system of forces; we help them assess the implications
for their own organizations and to devise strategies for
managing the risks and harnessing the opportunities. We
can never know the future. But it is good business sense to
be prepared for the possibilities: to expect the unexpected.
This report cannot provide all the answers, and does not
set out to, but it does suggest approaches that we believe
will help to build business value in a changing world.
Before deciding whether to buy a good or service, consumers often have the opportunity to gather
information or simply spend time thinking about how much they would enjoy the good. Gathering or
processing information is costly, in terms of money, time, and e¤ort. A rm, through its advertising,
product design, and marketing strategies, can a¤ect these costs and make it easier or harder for
consumers to assess whether a product is a good match for their needs or preferences.
Sweden's government has published its budget proposal for 2005 re-confirming its
"strategy for transforming Sweden into an ecologically sustainable society". The budget's
key environmental feature is a continuation of the country's ambitious green tax shift
In 2005, the increase in environmental taxes will total about SKr 3.3 billion (€364m).
Many of these will fall on road transport, including increases averaging SKr 340 and SKr
100 in vehicle taxes on petrol-driven and diesel-driven cars respectively.
Vehicle taxes on light trucks and light buses will rise by 40%.
In this paper, we assess whether boosting minority car-ownership rates would narrow inter-
racial employment rate differentials. We pursue two empirical strategies. First, we explore whether
the effect of auto ownership on the probability of being employed is greater for more spatially
isolated groups of workers. The literature on racial housing segregation clearly demonstrates that
blacks are highly segregated from the majority white population (Massey and Denton, 1993) and in
a manner that spatially isolates blacks from new employment opportunities (Stoll et. al. 2000).
Weight loss procedures are being performed more frequently to treat morbid obesity, with a
six-fold increase over a recent 7-year time span; almost half of patients are women of
reproductive age. The level of evidence on fertility, contraception, and pregnancy outcomes is
limited primarily to case series and case reports. The evidence suggests that fertility improves
after bariatric surgical procedures; however, data are too sparse to reach definite conclusions
about the degree of improvement in fertility that is achieved.